|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||25 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||46.99 km 2|
|Residents:||662 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||14 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||17321|
|Area code :||039749|
|License plate :||VG, ANK, GW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG|
|Community key :||13 0 75 113|
|LOCODE :||DE RM4|
|Office administration address:||Chausseestraße 30
|Mayor :||Reinhart Retzlaff|
|Location of the municipality of Ramin in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district|
Ramin is a municipality in the district of Vorpommern-Greifswald in the southeast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). The community belongs to the office Löcknitz-Penkun with seat in the community Löcknitz .
The area of the municipality of Ramin lies between the Randowbruch ( Brandenburg state border) in the west and the border with the Republic of Poland in the east. Located in the ground moraine area of the Pomeranian stage of the last glacial period , the municipal area is characterized by the presence of numerous formerly moored areas. The Krebssee and the Rötsee are among the smaller lakes within the municipality . Another lake, the so-called Holzsee, has silted up due to the amelioration measures of the past century and is now only recognizable by the reeds. It was located between the places Ramin and Retzin and had an area of over 1.5 hectares. The Krebssee and the already silted up Holzsee form deeper depressions in formerly moored areas. When the moors were drained for agricultural purposes and drainage ditches were built, their water levels finally fell.
Ramin is surrounded by the neighboring communities Plöwen and Blankensee in the north, Lubieszyn in the east, Grambow in the southeast, Glasow in the south and Brüssow , Bergholz (point of contact) and Löcknitz in the west.
- Ramin with Ramin-Stadtberg
- Retzin with Retzin expansion
- Border village
- Living spaces
- Bismark with the districts Gellin, Hohenfelde, Grenzdorf and Linken as well as the residential areas Neuenkrug and Marienhof were incorporated as districts after Ramin on January 1, 2004.
Ramin was a Slavic local foundation and called itself Rambyn and Rambin (most likely interpretation: Slavic ramen for timber).
Since the 14th century the manor village has been the ancestral seat of the Pomeranian noble family von Ramin for more than 600 years . A Unon by Ramin was first mentioned in a document in 1188 . In 1280 the name Otto de Rambyn was found on a seal of a document.
The stone church dates from the 13th century. The single-storey manor house was built in the middle of the 18th century on the vaulted cellar of a previous building. During the Nazi era, it served as a leadership school for the Hitler Youth and was a children's home from 1945 until 2003/04. In 1928 the chemist and university professor Friedrich Wilhelm Semmler acquired the manor and leased it to Pommersche Saatzucht GmbH .
In 2000 a rest area was created in the village.
The early Gothic stone church dates from the 13th century. On July 1, 1950, Retzin was incorporated. The old cobblestones were covered with a concrete road in 1985. The Retziner Straße from Retzin to Löcknitz also consisted of 2.5 m wide field stone paving until 1991. It was replaced by a wider asphalt road by 1992.
The Slavic Retzin castle wall on the southern bank of the Leichensee , between Löcknitz and Retzin-Expansion, is part of a castle complex that was located there in the 8th to 12th centuries. In early German times, a high castle hill (tower hill) was built within the Slavic wall. The ground monument is remote, but is very well preserved.
The place belonged temporarily to the Uckermark until 1818 , but then again to Pomerania. The manor house with park dates from the middle of the 19th century. In 1928 the 477 hectare estate was owned by Hans Malue.
The population of the municipality of Ramin has been declining since 1990.
- Erhard Albrecht
- Hans Zastrow
- since before 2006 Reinhart Retzlaff
Coat of arms, flag, official seal
The municipality has no officially approved national emblem, neither a coat of arms nor a flag . The official seal is the small state seal with the coat of arms of the region of Western Pomerania . It shows an upright griffin with a raised tail and the inscription "GEMEINDE RAMIN * LANDKREIS VORPOMMERN-GREIFSWALD".
- Heimatstube in Ramin: gives impressions of the life of the craftsmen in the 19th and 20th centuries
- Ramin manor as a single-storey plastered building from the middle of the 18th century; after 1945 to 2004 children's home
- Early Gothic Ramin village church from the 13th century; square gable tower with octagonal bell dome
- Early Gothic stone church in Retzin from the 13th century with a large, wooden altar from the 17th century
- Field stone churches from the 13th century in Bismark and Schmagerow
- Stone box on Landesstraße 283 between the places Retzin and Glasow
- Grave in the cemetery in Ramin for seven unknown people, presumably Belgian victims of forced labor during the Second World War
- Hohenfelde manor house with park: two-storey, 10-axis plastered building with a base and mezzanine floor as well as a central risalit and portal from the middle of the 19th century through a conversion; on the park side an older, high tower; three stable buildings have been preserved
The federal road 104 ( Pasewalk - Szczecin (Stettin)) leads through the villages of Bismark and Linken. The border crossing to Poland, which is freely passable today, is in Linken. There are rail connections in Löcknitz or Grambow (Pasewalk – Szczecin (Stettin) route).
- Christian Friedrich von Ramin (1714–1761), Prussian legal counsel, Vice President of the Pomeranian government
- Henriette von Meerheimb (1859 in Schmagerow – 1920), the writer comes from the von Meerheimb and von Ramin families
- Friedrich Wilhelm Semmler (1860–1931 in Ramin), chemist, university professor and politician ( DNVP ) member of the Weimar National Assembly and the Reichstag and owner of the Ramin estate.
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
- Leopold Zedlitz-Neukirch : New Prussian Adelslexicon . Leipzig 1837, Volume 4, p. 85.
- Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch 4, p. 237
- Municipal directory Germany 1900. Randow district.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Landkreis Randow. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Pomeranian Information System (ISP). The municipality of Linken in the Randow district
- Population on December 31. according to communities and districts. (No longer available online.) In: SIS-Online - Statistisches Informationssystem. Statistical Office MV, archived from the original on December 26, 2017 ; Retrieved December 25, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Census 2011 ( Memento of the original from April 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Official Gazette Löcknitz-Penkun, 01-02 / 2018, p. 21. Obituary for former Mayor Erhard Albrecht.
- Main Statute, Section 1, Paragraph 2 (PDF).