|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 53 ° 56 ' N , 13 ° 37' E
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||31 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||34.68 km 2|
|Residents:||672 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||19 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||17390|
|Area code :||039724|
|License plate :||VG, ANK, GW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG|
|Community key :||13 0 75 061|
|Community structure:||7 districts|
|Office administration address:||Dorfstrasse 6
|Mayor :||Karl Juergens|
|Location of the municipality of Klein Bünzow in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district|
Klein Bünzow is a municipality in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district. It has been administered by the Züssow Office , based in Züssow , since January 1, 2005 . Until December 31, 2004 the community belonged to the Ziethen district . It has 762 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2015).
Klein Bünzow is a fairly large municipality in the district of Vorpommern-Greifswald. It is located in a flat, poorly forested region with no major elevations or bodies of water.
The community is located about six kilometers northwest of Anklam and about 18 kilometers east of Gützkow .
These are: Karlsburg in the N, Rubkow in the E, Ziethen in the S, Groß Polzin in the SW, Schmatzin in the W and Züssow in the NW.
Klitschendorf was first mentioned in a document in 1257 as Clitsckindorp . In 1648 the current name appears after many different spellings. Even after that, other spellings are known. The name is said to be derived from the clits pen. The ending ..dorf .. seems to be an early German foundation.
Baron Gustav von Kirchbach was recorded as the owner of the property , who sold it to G. Liphardt in 1838 and who leased it to his brother H. Liphardt. This possession is still recorded in 1865. In 1865 Klitschendorf had 46 inhabitants in 8 families. There were three residential and eight farm buildings.
The village is a scattered settlement with a few external settlement courtyards. Overbuilt remains of the estate are still present today.
On December 31, 2014, Klitschendorf had 28 residents with a main residence and three with a secondary residence.
On December 31, 2015, Klitschendorf had 26 residents with a main residence and three with a secondary residence.
Groß Bünzow was mentioned in a document in 1257 as Bunessowe . 1300 was first differentiated between large and small Bünzow, here with the name majorem Bunsow . After that there are a lot of documented spellings, not until 1859 is today's spelling introduced. Despite its Slavic- oriented spelling with -ow, a name interpretation by the personal name Bünnink (also Bünning) can be assumed.
Groß Bünzow is the parish of the community, the local estate was run as a manor. In 1249 Hinricus Dowat and in 1267 Gherhardus Bünnink were mentioned in a document, both of which owned parts in Groß Bünzow. The Dowat died out in 1500 and the Bünnink's in 1626. The Lepels came for the former in 1521 , and the von Bassewitz for the latter in 1618 . The Wakenitz and Ihlenfeld are named in the following, the Wakenitz had to resign after litigation in 1697, as successor and highest bidder at the auction was Andreas von Fürstenberg, who received the loan letter in 1699. He was a captain in the body regiment of the Swedish queen. His sons died and his daughter Euphemie inherited the property. She married Captain Hans Gotthelf Adolf Freiherr von Kirchbach, who probably became the owner of the Groß Bünzow, Hohensee, Klitschendorf and Pamitz estates since 1756. In 1846 Baron Julius von Kirchbach sold Groß Bünzow to Count Helmuth von Schwerin, who kept it until 1850. He was followed by Major Baron Ferdinand von Otterstedt.
In 1865 Groß Bünzow had 109 inhabitants in 20 families. The following buildings were available: 1 church, 1 school, 9 residential and 13 farm buildings, as well as 1 factory (windmill).
The village was an Angerdorf, only after 1945 the appearance of the settlement was changed by the new farmer settlements and newer residential buildings at the intersection of the K 15. The estate is still partially preserved with the manor house.
Groß Bünzow was incorporated on July 1, 1950.
Groß Bünzow had 79 residents with main residence and 2 with secondary residence on December 31, 2014.
On December 31, 2015, Groß Bünzow had 79 residents with a main residence and 2 with a secondary residence.
Groß Jasedow was first mentioned as "Jasdow" on the Lubin map in 1618. Groß Jasedow is a Slavic foundation, the name has not yet been interpreted.
The village was a manor that was a pertinence to Gut Karlsburg. Theodor Alexander Friedrich Philipp Graf von Bismark-Bohlen had owned the estate since 1858, Groß Jasedow was run as a farm and was famous for its pig breeding.
In 1865 Groß Jasedow had 117 inhabitants in 19 families. The following buildings were available: 9 residential and 10 farm buildings.
The village has been affected by the Angermünde-Stralsund railway line since 1863. According to MTB 1880, the village complex was originally an estate village with the estate and the obligatory farm workers' katen series. After the Second World War , the new farms and other buildings formed a typical semicircular village that is open to the estate and the railway line. The park of the property was also partially built upon after the war.
The former estate is still partially preserved today, with the administrator's house, tobacco barn, stables and barn storage. The tobacco barn was later used as a sheepfold, blacksmith shop and cartwright, as tobacco growing was not productive with the local soil conditions.
Groß Jasedow had 88 residents with main residence and 4 with secondary residence on December 31, 2014.
Groß Jasedow had 85 residents with main residence and 3 with secondary residence on December 31, 2015.
Pamitz was always a pertinence to Groß Bünzow. Therefore it will be assigned to the Lepels, Wakenitze, von Fürstenberg and then the Kirchbachs as property. It was totally destroyed in the Thirty Years War and fell in desolation .
Pamitz was first mentioned in 1694 as Pamitzow . The name is not interpreted. It was only rebuilt by the von Kirchbach family in the middle of the 18th century. It stayed with this family until 1835. The estate was then sold to Carl Felix Bernhard von Buggenhagen on Buggenhagen. During his time in possession, a brick factory was built in Pamitz, but it did not prove itself and was abandoned. His heirs sold it in 1847 to Leopold Rudolph von Oertzen , at that time the district administrator of the Anklamer district.
The village was a manor village, but around the 1920s it was expanded to include farms towards the northeast. The estate and its park are still relatively well preserved today.
Pamitz had 114 inhabitants in 19 families in 1865. There were 6 residential and 12 farm buildings.
On January 1, 1951, Pamitz came to Wahlendow .
On December 31, 2014, Pamitz had 75 residents with a main residence and 2 with a secondary residence.
On December 31, 2015, Pamitz had 74 residents with a main residence and 2 with a secondary residence.
Ramitzow was first mentioned in a document in 1257 as Ramessowe and Rameshowe . It is a Slavic foundation, the name is not interpreted. Three Slavic settlements south of the village are archaeological evidence of the foundation.
In the 15th century it was used as a dominal. In 1495, Duke Bogislaw X. handed it over to Hans Wulffe in exchange for the estates received from his father-in-law Roloff von dem Borne in Pritzwald near Wusterhusen . With Ramitzow Daugzin and Relzow were connected as property. The owners subsequently lived in Relzow. In 1611 Karsten Wolff (as he was now called) pledged the Ramitzow, Daugzin and Relzow goods to Christoph Owstin for 18 years. The pledges then change continuously until the middle of the 18th century. Then it was bought by the von Hertell family, who named the Hofjägermeister von Hertell in 1818. He died in 1849, leaving it to his widow and underage children. In the meantime, it was owned by the lord of the von Krauthoff, before it was bought back in 1863 by Lieutenant Hermann von Hertell, who had now reached the age of majority. In 1865 he leased it to Wichmann.
In 1865 Ramitzow had 77 inhabitants in 11 families. The following buildings were present: 1 school, 8 residential and 7 farm buildings.
The village complex is a manor village in 1880, which has recently changed into a street and clustered village. The manor house from 1840, which served as the manager's house of the Vorwerk, a stable building and the rest of the park are still present.
Ramitzow had 54 residents with main residence and 2 with secondary residence on December 31, 2014.
On December 31, 2015, Ramitzow had 56 residents with a main residence and 2 with a secondary residence.
Salchow was first mentioned in a document as Selechowe when the Ziethen church was consecrated in 1257 . The Slavic name means both from the tribe and to wish . South of Salchow, near the Salchower barns, there is evidence of a Slavic settlement that confirms the Slavic foundation.
Salchow was always a manor. Since 1303 the estate was owned by the von Zastrow family (also called Sastrow and Zastrowe). In 1570 the brothers Claus and Peter von Zastrow sold to the Santz (en) family on Murchin. Then the owners changed and the property was split into parts, e.g. B. Lepel, Netzow, Wussow and Eickstedt. In 1783 the goods Salchow and Jargelin (Pertinenz zu Salchow) came to Georg Christian von Krauthoff. A surviving daughter of the family married Heinrich von Below († 1819), the widow kept the two goods and passed them on to her sons in 1851. In 1851 the Salchow estate came to Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm von Below (1815-1894). His brother Heinrich received the Jargelin estate in the same year.
In 1865 Salchow had 152 inhabitants in 26 families, including 1 owner and 6 family members, 4 administrators, 6 servants and 5 maids, 17 male and 11 female day laborers, 3 craftsmen, 2 servants and 1 governor. The buildings were: 1 school, 3 other public buildings, 14 residential buildings and 12 commercial buildings.
The village has been affected by the Angermünde-Stralsund railway line since 1863, and formerly had a breakpoint (Salchower Weiche) in connection with a block . Since it was closed, the gatekeeper's house from 1880 no longer has any function.
The village shape was originally a manor village, but that changed in the 1920s when a roadside keeper's house was built on the former Reichsstrasse 109 (now the B 109) and later several settlement courtyards were laid out along the road. Salchow thus became a scattered settlement. The manor is still relatively well preserved, the manor house has been renovated. The estate park has also been preserved, only the originally so-called Salchower barns, which belonged to the estate, were modernized. Organized by the local neo-Nazi scene, Salchow has appeared several times as a venue for right-wing extremist concerts.
On December 31, 2014, the district had 146 inhabitants with a main residence and 3 with an ancillary residence and on December 31, 2015 142 inhabitants with a main residence and 3 with an ancillary residence.
Klein Bünzow was first mentioned in a document in 1300 with a minor Bunsow . The name interpretation - see Groß Bünzow. Klein Bünzow is a Slavic foundation and was probably settled even longer by the Wends, the early German settlement was created with Groß Bünzow, as both names indicate.
Owstin (also called Austin) was the first known owner in 1420. They built a castle with a moat in Klein Bünzow, but the remains of it are no longer visible. During the time of Christoffer Owstin (1559–1629) the castle burned down and was not rebuilt because of the Thirty Years' War. Owstin was ducal councilor and district administrator for the dukes Ernst Ludwig, Bogislaw XIII. and Philipp Julius. In 1780 the Owstine sold to Martin Friedrich Kruse, who was later ennobled. Until 1808, Klein Bünzow was also a farming village with 8 farms. These farms are laid and cut to the estate. Was known in 1821 as the owner Wilhelm von Kruse auf Neetzow, whose son (also called Wilhelm and † 1866) sold in 1848 to Amadeus Westphal-Rewoldt, who also sat on Groß Polzin.
With the construction of the Berlin – Stralsund railway in 1862/63, which leads past Klein Bünzow, the place received a train station. Its focus then shifted towards the railroad tracks. The place was thus split into three parts, the manor village with church and anger, the train station settlement with some farms and the Chaussee settlement with a jug and mill. At that time, Klein Bünzow was of comparatively great importance, as a total of 16 field railways were connected to the railway line from the place. In 1898 a railway officials' house was built in which twelve workers and their families lived. In 1907 a school opened in the small community.
In 1865 Klein Bünzow had 153 inhabitants in 22 families. The following buildings were available: 1 church, 11 residential and 14 farm buildings.
The train station settlement and the Chaussee settlement were further enlarged with the LPG settlements and new buildings until the GDR era.
On December 31, 2014, Klein Bünzow had 301 residents with a main residence and 19 with a secondary residence.
On December 31, 2015, Klein Bünzow had 265 residents with a main residence and 20 with a secondary residence.
Krakow (living space)
Krakow was first mentioned as Cracow in 1256 . It is a Slavic foundation, the name is not interpreted. It belonged to the foundations of the dukes for the Grobe monastery in the province of Ziethen (then called Scithene). Krakow fell wildly after it was named, the field mark was assigned to Gut Karlsburg. It was only after 1780 or around 1809 that it was rebuilt by the Kruse family as Vorwerk Krakow .
Krakow had 13 inhabitants in 2 families in 1865. The following buildings were available: 1 residential and 2 farm buildings.
In the 21st century it has been a scattered settlement of settlement courtyards since 1880 (according to MTB) on the K 16, which is also listed in the tourist maps, but including the inhabitants is included in Klein Bünzow.
Coat of arms, flag, official seal
The municipality has no officially approved national emblem, neither a coat of arms nor a flag . The official seal is the small state seal with the coat of arms of the region of Western Pomerania . It shows an upright griffin with a raised tail and the inscription "GEMEINDE KLEIN BÜNZOW * LANDKREIS VORPOMMERN-GREIFSWALD".
Culture and sights
The Atelier Pamitz , a meeting place for musicians, artists and cultural workers , has existed since 2011 . It goes back to an initiative by Erich Raken , who expanded an empty old grist mill and made it a cultural meeting place under the motto Western Pomerania cultural experience. In 2016, the studio received new windows as part of the LEADER funding, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, the Local Action Group “ River Landscape Peeneta l”, so that lessons and events can now be held all year round.
→ See: List of architectural monuments in Klein Bünzow
- Village church Klein Bünzow , towerless chapel from the 13th century with a free-standing bell tower
- Groß Bünzow church , field stone church from the 15th century with a free-standing bell tower
- Groß Bünzow manor house
- Ensemble Gutsdorf Salchow
- Klein Bünzow train station
Economy and Infrastructure
The community is dominated by agriculture. It has only a few commercial operations. There is a larger wind energy park near Salchow.
The federal highway 109 runs through the municipality . The federal autobahn 20 can be reached via the Gützkow junction about 20 kilometers away . The Stralsund – Berlin line runs through the eponymous place and has an old train station and a modern stop there.
Sons and daughters (selection)
- Friedrich Katter (* 1842 in Groß-Bünzow; † 1913), German teacher and entomologist
- Eduard von Below (* 1856 in Salchow; † 1942), Prussian general
- Manfred Niemeyer: East Western Pomerania. Collection of sources and literature on place names. Vol. 2: Mainland. (= Greifswald contributions to toponymy. Vol. 2), Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Institute for Slavic Studies, Greifswald 2001, ISBN 3-86006-149-6 . Pages 72, 100, 110, 116
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen. IV. Part II, Anklam 1868 Google Books p. 504 ff for the parish of Ranzin, p. 958 ff for the parish of Groß Bünzow, p. 1134 ff for the parish of Ziethen
- Eckhard Oberdörfer: Ostvorpommern , Edition Temmen, Bremen, 2006, ISBN 3-86108-917-3
- ↑ Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ a b c d e f g h Amt Züssow, residents of the Züssow district, as of December 31, 2015
- ↑ a b c d e f g h Manfred Niemeyer: Ostvorpommern . Collection of sources and literature on place names. Vol. 2: Mainland. (= Greifswald contributions to toponymy. Vol. 2), Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Institute for Slavic Studies, Greifswald 2001, ISBN 3-86006-149-6 . P. 19 ff
- ↑ a b c d e f g Amt Züssow, residents of the Züssow district, as of December 31, 2014
- ↑ http://www.nordkurier.de/mecklenburg-vorpommern/jeden-zweiten-tag-eine-rechtsextreme-aktion-195784003.html
- ↑ https://sinnundwert.wordpress.com/2017/04/03/warum-die-npd-zu-unrecht-totgeredet-wird/
- ↑ Archived copy ( Memento of the original from July 27, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Main Statute, Section 1, Paragraph 2 (PDF).
- ^ Atelier Pamitz website , accessed on April 2, 2017.