Neubauer (agricultural reform)

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As new farmers persons were referred to in the course of land reform in the Soviet zone of occupation after World War II agricultural property received.

The allocation of so-called new farmer positions fell in the first phase of agricultural development in the later GDR . State efforts to integrate the resettlers who had been driven out of Central and Eastern Europe and who predominantly live in the countryside and to implement socialist reforms were combined in the establishment of new farmer positions . Around 210,000 new farmer positions with an average size of eight hectares were created. The term Neubauer established itself as a designation for all landowners who owned more than five hectares. Over 90,000 of these farms were managed by so-called resettlers.

Web links

Commons : Pictures from Neubauer with original picture description of the GDR  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Ira Spieker: Neubauern Federal Institute for Culture and History of Germans in Eastern Europe : OME-Lexikon , University of Oldenburg 2012, as of June 3, 2015
  2. Michael Schwartz : From resettlers to citizens. Totalitarian and Subversive in Language Policy in the Soviet Zone / GDR. In: Dierk Hoffmann, Marita Krauss, Michael Schwartz (eds.): Displaced persons in Germany. Interdisciplinary results and research perspectives. Munich 2000 ( series of the quarterly books for contemporary history, special issue ), pp. 135–166