Haldensleben – Weferlingen railway line
|Haldensleben – Weferlingen|
|Route number (DB) :||6892 Haldensleben – Weferlingen
6893 Süplingen Abzw – Bebertal
|Course book section (DB) :||314 (1999)|
|Route length:||31.9 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Maximum slope :||18 ‰|
|Top speed:||50 km / h|
The Haldensleben – Weferlingen railway line is a 32-kilometer, single-track, non-electrified branch line in western Saxony-Anhalt . It connects Haldensleben , the district town of the Börde district , with the western town of Weferlingen , which has been part of Oebisfelde-Weferlingen since 2010 . Since 1999 the route has only been used for freight traffic and occasional museum trains.
The Haldensleben passenger station on the line was about 200 meters northwest of the Haldensleben station on its own platform. From there the route runs parallel to the route to Oebisfelde . After the Mittelland Canal is crossed on a bridge, the two routes split. After Weferlingen it goes westward through the Flechtinger ridge and agricultural land. Weferlingen is located on the eastern edge of the Lappwald ridge . Near Süplingen , the route to Forsthaus Eiche (formerly to Bebertal ) branches off towards the south.
Until the end of World War II
The city of Neuhaldensleben was connected to the rail network from Magdeburg in 1872 by the Magdeburg-Halberstädter Eisenbahngesellschaft (MHE) . Thereupon efforts were made to establish a connection from there to Weferlingen. However, the MHE refused because it did not consider the route to be profitable. In 1895 Weferlingen received a train station on the Helmstedt – Oebisfelde railway line . In order to connect the local sugar factory over a steep stretch, a rack railway was built according to the Riggenbach system .
In 1901 Herrmann Bachstein submitted plans to build a railway line from Neuhaldensleben to Weferlingen. The Kleinbahn Neuhaldensleben – Weferlingen operated the line. On March 15, 1907, freight and passenger trains ran for the first time from Weferlingen to Behnsdorf . From May 17, 1907, passenger trains ran the entire route, four days later also freight trains. At first, three pairs of passenger trains drove on the route every day, and they were well used. Freight traffic was also profitable until the outbreak of the First World War.
On August 19, 1922, the KHW merged with Kleinbahn Neuhaldensleben-Gardelegen to form Gardelegen-Haldensleben-Weferlinger Kleinbahn (GHWK). From 1925 a benzene railcar operated by Deutsche Werke Kiel , among other things . In 1926 a branch line from Süplingen Abzw to Dönstedt - Alvensleben was built. This served in particular to connect some quarries. On January 20, 1927, a connecting line was built from the Weferlingen sugar factory to the Walbeck sand pit .
On June 29, 1928, the first freight trains ran on the branch line to Alvensleben. On October 8 of the same year, passenger traffic began, initially with four pairs of trains.
In 1926, the GHWK began building the Neuhaldensleben port railway, which began operations in 1938. 1927–1930 the route to Weferlingen had to be rerouted because of the construction of the Mittelland Canal .
On February 1, 1933, passenger traffic to Dönstedt-Alvensleben was discontinued and replaced by buses. From August 28, 1933, double-decker buses converted for rail operations were purchased from Berlin . They were used on the entire GHWK route network, and from 1934 also in passenger traffic to Alvensleben-Dönstedt. In 1939 the GHWK acquired modern diesel multiple units, so that the use of rail buses could be ended.
The GHWK was renamed Gardelegen-Haldensleben-Weferlinger Eisenbahngesellschaft AG in 1943 . Neuhaldensleben had previously been renamed Haldensleben. In 1944 the travel time from Haldensleben to Weferlingen West (later: Weferlingen) was 70 minutes.
When the inner-German border was drawn in 1945, the Helmstedt – Oebisfelde line was interrupted at three points. The section Weferlingen - Döhren , which was in the area of the Soviet occupation zone , was now driven from Haldensleben. Since the border with the British zone of occupation was not yet secured, these trains were often fully occupied as many residents in the west were buying hamsters.
On July 1, 1957, the simplified branch line was introduced. The operation from Weferlingen to Döhren was stopped on October 1, 1961, mainly because of the proximity to the border. From this year on, the travel times were extended due to the increasing wear and tear on the route. In 1964 the average travel time was 100 minutes. On May 30, 1970, the last trains went to Bebertal. Freight traffic continues to this day on the section to Forsthaus Eiche . In the process, material is removed from the local quarries.
From 1985 the maximum plan load of the freight trains to Forsthaus Eiche was increased to 1,800 tons. With the fall of the Wall , the line began to decline. In 1991 the Weferlingen sugar factory was closed. From May 31, 1992, the number of passenger trains was increased from six to seven pairs of trains, and the Weferlingen– Grasleben freight line (formerly to Oebisfelde) was rebuilt. In 1996, seven pairs of trains continued to run, which took 75 minutes for the 32-kilometer route. From May 24, 1998, eight pairs of trains ran every two hours, but they were scheduled to run for around 84 minutes each route. At the end of the 1990s there were special trains on the route for the first time. However, regular passenger traffic was discontinued on May 29, 1999.
Freight traffic is carried out by the Lappwaldbahn (LWB). The section of the Florastraße- Emden branch (including the Süplingen-Dönstedt Steinwerke branch) belongs to Norddeutsche Natursteine Rail GmbH (NNRail), while the subsequent Emden-Weferlingen section is owned by Lappwaldbahn Service GmbH (LWS), which also operates the first section performs.
- Dirk Endisch: The Gardelegen – Neuhaldensleben – Weferlingen (GHWK) small railway . In: Small and private railways in the Ohrekreis . Korntal-Münchingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-936893-12-0 .
- Collection of operational regulations on the driving regulations for non-federal railways (SbV) for the handling of operations on the railway infrastructures Abzw Florastraße - Weferlingen (route 6892) and Abzw Süplingen - Dönstedt Steinwerke (route 6893). (PDF) (No longer available online.) Lappwaldbahn Service GmbH, May 1, 2011, archived from the original on August 14, 2016 ; accessed on August 14, 2016 .
- Dirk Endisch: Small and private railways in the Ohrekreis , Dirk Endisch, Korntal-Münchingen 2007, p. 117