|District of Bremen
|Population density :||5,640 inhabitants per km²||4/23|
|Proportion of foreigners:||22.7%||3/23|
|Postcodes :||28195, 28203|
|Local office :||Middle / Eastern suburb|
Local office center /
|All area information as of December 31, 2014.
All demographic information as of December 31, 2016.
Geography and districts
The Mitte district is located in the center of the city on the right bank of the Weser.
Area: 1.18 km², 3,403 inhabitants
The old town is the historical core of the city of Bremen. It can be divided into the city center, the Schnoorviertel in the south-east, the Stephaniviertel with the lazy quarter in the west and the banks of the Weser with the Schlachte .
The nucleus of the city of Bremen is located in the middle of today's city center, around the Bremen market square and the cathedral . The settlement of the Schnoorviertel and the eastern edge of the lazy quarter also goes back to this core . The first city wall was built around this settlement around 1200 .
The core of the Stephani district is built just outside the city in 1050, the Stephanikirchenweide . It was not until 1307 that the Steffensstadt was connected to the current old town as the first extension of Bremen and provided with an additional city wall.
Bremen expanded beyond the boundaries of the old town for the first time in the 17th century with the planned establishment of the new town . In addition, the community of St. Remberti , which was founded as a leprosy station at the gates of the city and was first mentioned in 1306, should be mentioned.
The old town is surrounded by ramparts . The former city fortifications were redesigned into a green area at the beginning of the 19th century, which has recently been restored from a garden conservation point of view. Of the windmills formerly located here, only the Herdentorswallmühle has been preserved, which is now used as a restaurant and café.
The classicist guardhouses at the Ostertor, which are now used for museum purposes, have been preserved from the former gate buildings. Right next to it is the building of the Kunsthalle Bremen .
The music department of the Bremen University of the Arts is located on Dechanatstraße , which, with its further department of art and design in Überseestadt, combines a music academy and an art academy in one institution.
The area of Bremen's old town between Brill and Ostertor can be described as the city center .
The pedestrian zone
In the old town, the main shopping streets were redesigned into pedestrian zones from the 1960s . These include the Bremen market square , Unser-Lieben-Frauen-Kirchhof , the Domshof , the Domsheide , the Böttcherstraße , the Obernstraße and Hutfilterstraße , the Sögestraße , the Langenstraße with the Stadtwaage and the Essighaus , the Pieperstraße and the Papenstraße, the Ansgarikirchhof and the Knochenhauerstraße .
With the conversion of Hundestrasse into the private covered Lloydpassage, the shopping area was expanded and made more attractive. The shopping arcades, which mainly extend in an east-west direction, include u. a. the Domshof-Passage, the Katharinen-Passage, the Lloyd-Passage and the Bremer Carrée with the Ansgari-Passage.
The core includes the typical inner-city shopping facilities and institutions as well as many sights such as the Roland , the town hall , the Schütting (seat of the Chamber of Commerce), the Bremen Cathedral , the House of the Bremen Citizenship (state parliament), the cotton exchange and the Church of Our Lady .
From the market square in all directions:
South of the market square, the Böttcherstraße leads to the Weser and Schlachte , a promenade with numerous restaurants, and to the Martinikirche . In the past, an arm of the Weser - the Belge - separated the old town from the Weser.
To the north of the market square is the Domshof with the Neptune Fountain . Except for its south side, it is surrounded by bank buildings. A weekly market is held here every day except Sunday and a flower market in the nearby Liebfrauenkirchhof.
To the east of the market square on Domsheide you will find the Bell House with a concert hall and the monumental historical courthouse . The St. Johann church is located on the edge of the adjoining Schnoor district .
To the west of the market square, on Hundestrasse, was the monumental building of the headquarters of the North German Lloyd . After its demolition, the Horten department store , now Galeria Kaufhof , was built here . In 1904, Rudolph Karstadt built the first branch in Bremen in Sögestraße , where a Karstadt Sport branch is located today. Today's Karstadt Bremen department store on Obernstrasse was built from 1930 to 1932 and rebuilt after being destroyed in the Second World War.
Even further to the west was the Ansgarikirche at Ansgarikirchhof, which was destroyed in World War II and the ruins of which were torn down in the 1950s. The top of the church tower was used by Carl Friedrich Gauß in the 19th century as a survey point for the first national survey. A plaque on the Ansgarikirchhof in front of the Bremer Carrée reminds of this. On the square there is also a column in memory of the first Archbishop of Bremen, Ansgar von Bremen . On its west side is the Renaissance-style commercial building.
In place of the church, the Hertie department store was built, which has since been torn down and replaced by the Bremer Carrée. The Friedrich-Wilhelm-Bessel monument stands on the new Hanseatenhof square .
The Schnoor (also called Schnoorviertel) is a medieval Gängeviertel in the southeast of the old town. After the destruction of the Second World War, it is the last remaining area in the old town with continuous buildings from the 15th to 19th centuries. After its restoration in the 1950s / 60s, it developed into a major tourist attraction in Bremen with many restaurants, galleries, small art businesses and craft shops. The name of the quarter refers to the Schnoor street .
Along the Weser, between the Wilhelm-Kaisen-Brücke and the Bremen Youth Hostel in Kalkstraße, the Schlachte, which has been redesigned as a waterfront promenade and has developed into a gastronomic mile, extends.
The west of the old town is the Stephaniviertel, also known as Steffensstadt or Faulenquartier , where the Gothic Stephanikirche stands and u. a. Radio Bremen , the Sparkasse Bremen , the former Bamberger department store and today's Bremen adult education center , the Bremen youth hostel and the house of the Chamber of Architects are located.
Area: 1.12 km², 5,273 inhabitants
The suburb of the station is essentially bounded by rails of the railway in the west and north or the Theodor-Heuss-Allee northeast of the Bremen main station , the ramparts in the south and the Rembertistraße - Parkallee in the east.
The district is also characterized by the two high-rise buildings, the Tivoli high-rise and the Siemens high-rise , both of which were built in the early 1960s.
Along the Breitenweg there is an entertainment mile, which is colloquially known as the disco mile, with numerous music clubs, discos such as the StuBu and sex shops . The suburb of the station is optically cut up by the elevated road on the Breitenweg . The area is characterized by four to seven-storey residential buildings; Shops can be found on the ground floor along the through streets.
The main cemetery was located on Herdentorsteinweg from the relocation of the inner city cemeteries to the construction of the railway in the 19th century. During this time, the large cemeteries on Riensberg , Walle and Osterholz were established.
At Bahnhofsstrasse 6, the office building of the Bremen representation of the Deutsche Hollerithgesellschaft (DEHOMAG) from the 1920s survived the war.
Numerous authorities have their offices in the suburb of the station, including the Senator for Finance, which is housed in the representative building of the House of the Reich , the Senator for Construction in the Siemens high-rise and the Senator for Social Affairs in the Tivoli high-rise .
On the newly designed Hillmannplatz , a hotel on Hillmannplatz with a small passage and the Hillmannplatz car park were built in 1984 according to plans by Meinhard von Gerkan . Also noteworthy is the building of the Sparda-Bank by Oswald Mathias Ungers, built in 2006 opposite the end of Bahnhofstrasse.
Area: 0.82 km², 8,460 inhabitants
The Ostertor owes its name to its location in front of the east gate of the city wall of historic Bremen, where a medieval trade route began, today's Ostertorsteinweg . There in front of the city was the Benedictine- led Paulskloster from 1050 with extensive land ownership in the Bremen area, including the Pauliner Marsch , which also includes the location of today's Weser Stadium . In the 15th century, however, the monastery, including the dune on which it stood, was torn down or removed with the official reason that Bremen could be easily bombarded with cannons from this elevation and that the monastery offered a good siege position for enemy armies. Perhaps the permanent rivalry with the Bishop of Bremen also played its part.
The Ostertorzwinger was built on the Ostertor in 1514 as a defense system, weapons and ammunition depot and prison. A lightning strike in 1624 ignited the powder stores, the building was destroyed and rebuilt two years later. From 1720 no more powder was stored here, the function as a prison remained until the demolition in 1826.
In 1849 the "gate lock" was lifted and the suburban citizens received the same citizenship as the old town citizens. After that, today's district of Ostertor was densely built. The terraced houses on Adlerstrasse are typical buildings from the 1850s . The Bolte brothers, who laid out Charlottenstrasse in 1853 and Bernhardstrasse and Luisenstrasse in 1854, also built Kreftingstrasse in 1860 , where different types of larger Bremen houses were built. The adjacent development on the street Beim Steinernen Kreuz was built around 1870, the name of the street is reminiscent of the place of execution of Mayor Johann Vasmer in 1430. The original cross is in the Focke Museum . In the Bleicherstraße , the name comes from the use of the surrounding meadows as a place to sun bleaching the laundry, there was the St. Pauli brewery , in the 1870s, the largest brewery in Bremen. Parts of the building are still standing today, and there has been a theater in the brewery cellar since 1992. The house at Kohlhökerstraße 52 was built in 1876 on the site of a summer house from 1838. In 1907 the Wiener Hof ensemble was built in Weberstrasse . The theater on Goetheplatz was opened in 1913 and rebuilt in 1950.
The Ostertor was only slightly affected by the destruction of World War II. In the 1960s, part of the northern Ostertor was demolished for the construction of the Rembertikreisel and the Rembertiringes. The continued construction as Mozart route , a motorway-like expressway through the southern Ostertor, was prevented in November 1973 after numerous protests. From 1977 to 1980, the residential buildings in the Milchquartier were built on some plots of the planned route .
The Lila Eule music club has been located in the Ostertor since 1965 . Des Cinema im Ostertor was opened in 1969 as the first German art house cinema . The Lagerhaus cultural center has existed since 1978 in the former packing house built around 1900 in Schildstrasse, one of the oldest streets in the Bremen suburb, which was called Im Sack until 1872.
The Central Advisory Board meets regularly and usually publicly in the local office or in other institutions such as B. Schools. The advisory board is composed of the representatives of the political parties or individual candidates directly elected at the district level. The advisory board elections take place every four years, at the same time as the elections for the Bremen citizenship . The advisory board discusses all issues of the district that are of public interest and makes decisions on this, which are passed on to the administration, the state government and the townspeople. He forms specialist committees for his work. The advisory board has its own budget for district-related measures.
The Ortsamt Mitte / Östliche Vorstadt is a local administrative authority. It supports the advisory board in its political work. It should participate in all local tasks that are of public interest. It is managed by the local office manager proposed by the advisory board and confirmed by the Senate .
Local office manager is Hellena Harttung.
The history of the Mitte district is also essentially the history of the city of Bremen. Furthermore see also
- in the respective districts of Altstadt, Bahnhofsvorstadt and Ostertor as well as in the article quarter ,
- for Bremen city fortifications , Bremen city law , Bremen church history and the articles on buildings, churches, monasteries, streets, squares, parks, economy, etc. and in the category on the history of Bremen,
- in literature on the history of Bremen, the city plans, maps and city views of Bremen and Bremen in literature .
Culture and sights
The most significant buildings are
Streets and squares
Monuments and art
Theater and music
- Theater Bremen
- Musical Theater Bremen
- The bell
Parks and green areas
- The Bremer Freimarkt has been held since 1035, making it one of the oldest folk festivals in Germany. The Freimarkt parade leads through the old town.
- The Schaffermahlzeit in Bremen is the oldest continuing, annually repeating feast in the world.
- The Bremer Eiswette has been a Bremen custom since 1829, where on January 6th, Epiphany, bets are made on the Punkendeich (Osterdeich near Sielwall ) as to whether the Weser will “rise or rise” (go or stand).
- The Bremer Tabak-Collegium is a discussion group with a feast founded by Bremen merchants in the early 1950s.
- The Bremen Carnival has only been taking place since 1986.
- The Breminale has been a five-day open-air festival on Osterdeich since 1987.
- The Bremen Marathon has been taking place since 2005.
- Bremen City Hall and all Senatorial Offices of the State of Bremen
- Most of the offices and offices of the state and the city of Bremen
- The State Office for Monument Preservation, Sandstrasse 3
- The tax offices in the House of the Reich, Rudolf-Hilferding-Platz 1
- The courts: District Court, Lawyers 'Disciplinary Court, Lawyers' Disciplinary Court, Bremen-Bremerhaven Labor Court , Finance Court, Hanseatic Higher Regional Court Bremen , Regional Labor Court , Regional Social Court Lower Saxony-Bremen - Bremen branch, Regional Court Bremen , Higher Administrative Court , Social Court, State Court of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, Administrative Court
- The public prosecutor's office in Bremen, Ostertorstrasse 10 and the public prosecutor's office, Richtweg 16–22
- Various departments of the decentralized State Institute for Schools (LIS), such as the Department of Health and Addiction Prevention, the Center for Media and the Regional Advice and Support Center Bremen-Mitte (ReBUZ), Grosse Weidestrasse 4–16
- The local office Mitte / Ostliche Vorstadt, Am Dobben 91 in the Villa Rutenberg
- The City Office - BürgerServiceCenter-Mitte , Pelzerstraße 40
- The police station downtown, Am Wall 200
- The Stephanitor police station, Daniel-von-Büren-Straße 2a
- The police contact office at Karstadt at Obernstrasse 5–33
- The Criminal Police Advice Center, Am Wall 196a
- The Bremen fire brigade , fire and rescue station 1, Am Wandrahm
- The city library , Altenwall 15/16
- The Bürgermeister-Smidt-Schule , Contrescarpe 26 is a primary school.
- The school center of the upper secondary technical education center , An der Weserbahn 4, teaches vocational training in the fields of electrical engineering, metal and machine technology, traffic and vehicle technology. It is a vocational school for technology , a technical college for technology and a vocational high school for technology .
- The old grammar school , Kleine Helle 7 is a humanistic grammar school . The Schola Bremensis was founded in 1528 as a Latin school, has been the educational museum and academic grammar school since 1610 and developed into the old grammar school (EWS) on Domsheide in the 19th century , which moved to its current location in 1987.
- The adult school (school center for adults) , Doventorscontrescarpe (Block A) 172 is a public school of the second educational path.
- The Bremen Adult Education Center (vhs) with its headquarters at Faulenstraße 69
- The private school for elderly care of the Bremer Heimstiftung , except for the grinding mill 4
- The Bremen Sleep School , Am Wall 165–167
- The St. Johannis School , Tiefer 12 and Dechanatstraße 9 are Catholic private schools.
- The Administrative School of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen , Doventorscontrescarpe 172.
- The approx. 20 kindergartens
- The social center Mitte / Ostliche Vorstadt, Bahnhofsplatz 29
- The Jugendhaus Buchte der Naturfreundejugend Bremen and the Party-Project , Buchtstr. 14/15
- The Bremen Youth Fire Brigade , Martinistraße 30
- The Christian Association of Young People (CVJM), Birkenstrasse 34
- AWO Arbeiterwohlfahrt with the Central Office and the Jugendwerk , Auf den Häfen 30–32
- The Paritätische Dienst Bremen gGmbH , except for the grinding mill 55–61
- The Diakonie with their services, Bahnhofplatz 29
- The Central Office for Private Welfare , At 9th Stone Cross
- The retirement community Weser GmbH Diepenau 2
- The DKV residence in Contrescarpe GmbH , Am Wandrahm 40–43
- The small workshops of the Bremen workshop , Bischoffstrasse 2–8
- The nursing home at Haus Am Dobben , Am Dobben 67–68
- The Bremer Heimstiftung - St. Remberti district house , Hoppenbank 2–3
- The self-determined life as a counseling center and meeting place for the disabled, Ostertorsteinweg 98
- The Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge , Rembertistraße 28
- The Bremen station mission in the main station
- The Bremer Seemannsmission and the Binnenschiffermission , Jippen 1 (Faulenquartier)
- As well as unemployment advice, discussion groups, health advice, men's groups, networks, self-help groups, street workers, addiction support, etc.
- Protestant Bremen Cathedral at the Domshof
- Evangelical Liebfrauenkirche (Bremen) at the Unser-Lieben-Frauen-Kirchhof
- Evangelical Church of Saint Martini , Martinikirchhof 3
- evangelical St. Michaelis - St. Stephani parish since 2009 consisting of the
- Catholic provost church St. Johann (Bremen) , Hohe Straße 3
- Free Church Advent Congregation Bremen-Mitte ( Adventists ), Osterdeich 42/43
- New Apostolic Congregation Bremen-Ostertor , Osterdeich 31 (closed in 2016, sold in 2018, to be demolished for residential buildings)
- Michael Church ( Christian Community), Kleine Meinkenstrasse 4
- Islamic Alevi community in Bremen and the surrounding area , Breitenweg 41
The Bremen city map of religions gives an up-to-date overview of the religious communities.
- The BSG Bremenports - Port Football , Birkenstraße 15
- The Bremen Ski Club , Altenwall 24
- The gymnastics district Bremen-Stadt (TKBS) and the office of the Bremen gymnastics association, Violenstrasse 27
- The gymnastics club of the Vorwärts association from 1847 , Violenstrasse 27
- The TSZ Blau-Gelb Tanzsportzentrum Bremen , Bürgermeister-Smidt-Straße 59/61
Economy and Transport
The Mitte district is the center for shopping, services, public administration, culture as well as leisure and restaurants.
The district of Ostertor in the so-called quarter is a residential area with a shopping area on Ostertorsteinweg and with many service and small craft businesses, as well as restaurants and cultural institutions.
The area of the old town around Obernstraße , Hutfilterstraße , Sögestraße , Böttcherstraße , bonehauerstraße , Langenstraße and in Schnoor as well as places such as Bremer Marktplatz and Domshof , Domsheide , Unser Lieben Frauen Kirchhof and Hillmannplatz is the central pedestrian zone with several covered shopping arcades.
- All tram lines and several bus lines operated by Bremer Straßenbahn AG (BSAG) can be reached from the three central junctions of Bremer Bahnhofsplatz , Domsheide and Am Brill .
- From Bremen Main cause of suburban and regional rail lines to Delmenhorst / Zwischenahn Bad , North Bremen , Osterholz-Scharmbeck / Bremerhaven , Oyten / Rotenburg (Wümme) , Achim / Verden and Syke / Twistringen .
Road traffic is through Bismarckstrasse / Dobben / Rembertiring / Breitenweg, Ostertorsteinweg / Am Wall and Osterdeich / Tiefer / Martinistraße / Faulenstrasse in an east-west direction and through federal roads 6/75 / Stephani-Brücke, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Strasse / Bürgermeister- Smidt Bridge and Wilhelm Kaisen Bridge in a north-south direction.
In addition, historical streets and squares are described in more detail:
Am Wall , Ansgarikirchhof , Bahnhofstraße , Bremer Bahnhofsplatz , Contrescarpe , Faulenstraße , Geeren , Herdentorsteinweg , Schlachte (Bremen) , Schüsselkorb and Tiefer .
Biking and hiking trails
There are bike and hiking trails
- on the Weser, past the city center, the Ostertorviertel and the Steintorviertel,
- around the old town through the network of paths in the ramparts,
- Martinistraße, Faulenstraße, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Straße, Herdentorsteinweg, Kulturmeile and Wall have been equipped with cycle paths.
- Geschichtkontor / Kulturhaus Walle Brodelpott: Das Stephaniviertel , Edition Temmen, Bremen, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86108-597-3 .
- Lutz Liffers (text), Ulrich Perrey (photos): The Schnoor in Bremen , Edition Temmen, Bremen.
- Wiltrud Ulrike Drechsel: Eastern suburb. On the emergence of a district in the 19th century , University of Bremen, 1985.
- Dietrich Schomburg: The Bremen Ostertorvorstadt in its historical-topographical development. In: Bremisches Jahrbuch 45, 1957, pp. 163-183; Vol. 46, 1959, pp. 251-266; Vol. 47, pp. 227-252.
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 449-01: Floor area according to type of actual use
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 173-01: Population by gender
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 173-61: Foreign population by nationality group and gender
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 255-60: Unemployed according to selected groups of people and unemployment rate
- Statistical Yearbook 2009 (PDF; 4.0 MB) State Statistical Office Bremen, pp. 9–11 , accessed on June 15, 2010 .
- Local office center / eastern suburb - contact. Retrieved February 1, 2018 .
- New ApostolicBremen Mitte. nak-nordost.de, accessed on October 15, 2018 .
- Weser Kurier October 8, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2018 .
- Bremen-Mitte. stadtplan-der-religionen.de, accessed on December 4, 2015 .