|District of Bremen
|Population density :||15 inhabitants per km²||22/23|
|Proportion of foreigners:||77.3%||1/23|
ports , Bremerhaven's overseas port area ,
Neustädter Hafen ,
|Local office :||West and Neustadt / Woltmershausen|
|All area information as of December 31, 2014.
All demographic information as of December 31, 2016.
Geography and districts
The harbors district is not a contiguous area, but consists of three spatially separated areas - two in the west of Bremen (Neustädter and Hohentorshafen on the left and industrial port on the right of the Weser) and one about 45 km further north, the Bremerhaven overseas port area.
Former district of commercial ports
Due to the changed use of the overseas port area, the administrative districts of the city of Bremen were reorganized by the local law of March 24, 2009 (BremGBl p. 93). As a result, the former Handelshäfen district was spun off from the Häfen district and incorporated into the Walle district as the Überseestadt district .
Area: 7.91 km², 8 inhabitants
The district is located on the left bank of the Weser, borders the industrial harbors in the Weser and is surrounded by the district-free districts of Seehausen and Strom as well as the Woltmershausen district . In the Neustadt harbors on the left side of the Weser, which were planned after the Second World War and were put into operation from 1964, only Basin II, the Lankenau Harbor and the Neustadt turning basin have been realized. On the 1.1 km² pure port area, mainly containers were initially handled. The first container bridges were put into operation in the Neustadt port in 1968. Today, a wide range of general cargo is handled in the port . The focus is on steel products, forest products, as well as machines and systems. Over 700 ships are handled annually in the Neustadt port. The operator of the Neustädter Hafen is BLG Cargo Logistics GmbH + Co. KG . In the area to the west are parts of the freight center , including Tchibo shipping. But there are also areas used for agriculture and fallow land. During the construction of the harbor basin in the 1960s, a Hanse cog from 1380 was found in the Weserschlick, which is now part of the holdings of the German Maritime Museum in Bremerhaven.
Area: 14.76 km², 90 inhabitants
Behind the Oslebshausen lock, the industrial ports consist of the Hüttenhafen (Weserport), coal port ( port power plant ), potash port, port E and port F as well as the port canal port A. Between the industrial ports and commercial ports, the small Cape Horn port is located on the Weser (with the former submarine bunker Hornisse and the logistics company Lexzau, Scharbau ) and the Werfthafen (the former AG Weser ), both of which are industrial ports. These ports with their six basins call at 2000 ships annually. Around 50 companies employ around 3,000 people here.
At the southeast end of the district, the Waterfront Bremen , a shopping center with elements of an urban entertainment center , has been created on the former AG-Weser site . The industrial and commercial area between the Weser and Sportparksee Grambke , which includes the Bremen industrial park and the ArcelorMittal Bremen GmbH steelworks , is also part of the industrial ports district.
Area: 0.55 km², 27 inhabitants
The district is close to the center on the left side of the Weser. On the land side it borders on the districts of Neustadt and Woltmershausen, on the water side on the Waller district of Überseestadt .
City of Bremen's overseas port area of Bremerhaven
Area: 7.81 km², 22 inhabitants
The port area is geographically in the north-western part of Bremerhaven , but has belonged to the city of Bremen since April 1, 1938. It includes the port facilities Container Terminal I – III, Columbuskaje , Kaiserhäfen, Nordhafen, Osthafen and connecting port. The largest part of the city of Bremen's overseas port area is delimited by the customs border of the Bremerhaven free port .
In the city of Bremen's overseas port area, in addition to its port-related tasks , the Hanseatic City of Bremen Port Authority is the contact point for citizens of the responsible city of Bremen authorities. Further tasks (e.g. environmental authorities) ceased to exist at the end of 2015 and are being carried out by the Bremen city authorities.
The Bremer Wasserschutzpolizei - Inspection Bremerhaven - is responsible for police matters concerning navigable water areas including ports, locks and banks. The Bremerhaven local police were assigned the further, general police tasks in accordance with Section 74 (2) of the Bremen Police Act.
The silting difficult at the beginning of the 17th century ship traffic on the river Weser . Ocean-going ships no longer headed for the ports located in the city center ( Schlachte ), but rather downstream ports, initially Vegesack , later Brake (Unterweser) and from 1827 Bremerhaven . In order to bring lucrative trade and shipping back to the city, Bremen built a port downstream of the city center, the Europahafen, from 1887. When the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen joined the German Customs Union in 1888, the Europahafen became a free port . The port construction project was successful, after the first port basin, further docks followed further downstream, most recently the overseas port in 1906. Port operations on the Schlachte were discontinued.
Foreign trade grew in the 1950s. The transshipment capacities available on the right bank of the Weser were not sufficient for this. In 1960 the city decided to develop an area of 1.6 km² on the left bank of the Weser. In February 1964, the Neustädter Hafen began operating as a free port; In 1968 it was expanded to include a container terminal. In 1962, a wooden shipwreck was found off Rablinghausen during dredging to expand the Europahafen by the dredger Arlesienne ; a sunken Hanseatic cog . The more than 2000 found parts of the Bremer Kogge from 1380 were salvaged, preserved, reassembled and exhibited in the German Maritime Museum in Bremerhaven.
The Bremen-Hafen power plant - a conventional coal-fired power plant consisting of two blocks - was built in the 1980s. It has around 450 megawatts of electrical and 60 megawatts of thermal output . The cogeneration plant produced by cogeneration both electricity and district heating for the west of Bremen. The chimney is 250 meters high.
After the overseas port was filled in in 1998, the free port on the right bank of the Weser was closed at the end of the 1990s and the customs border was dismantled. Remnants of the customs houses were still standing in 2007. The Europahafen was also no longer needed for commercial shipping and was converted into a marina in 2010 . The free port on the left side of the Weser was also closed at the end of 2007 because the majority of community goods were now handled there and the free port status caused more administrative work for the local businesses than brought economic benefits. Today, general cargo and bulk carriers are mainly handled in Bremen. The most important types of goods handled in Bremen are iron ore, coke & coal, steel products, forest products and machine parts. In 2011, 12.9 million tons of sea freight were handled in the city of Bremen.
The office building of the logistics company Lexzau, Scharbau , which was built in 1968/1969 on a headland between the Weser and port canal A of the industrial ports of Bremen according to plans by Gerhard Müller-Menckens , has a special feature: It was built on the ceiling of the during the NS -Time built and no longer completed submarine bunker Hornet erected. The 11.8 hectare Weserportsee with its bank areas has been under nature protection since 1994. The event center Pier 2 is located in the industrial harbors district between the grain harbor and the Weser.
Sea freight traffic in the Bremen / Bremerhaven port group totaled 74.5 million tons in 2008. In 2016, at 74.2 million tons, the maximum throughput from the time before the financial crisis of 2009-2013 was not reached again.
In 2008, 4.2 million tons were handled in inland waterway traffic. The handling in standard containers amounted to 5.4 million TEU (2008). This makes the port group the second largest seaport in Germany after Hamburg and the eighth largest inland port. This means that 86,000 jobs in the state of Bremen are dependent on the ports.
In the north is the steelworks of ArcelorMittal Bremen GmbH . In 1954, the first land purchases for Klöckner-Werke in the Mittelbüren area took place and in 1957, production operations for the hut by the sea began. In 1993 the plant was incorporated into the new company Stahlwerke Bremen GmbH in order to avoid the threat of closure . In 1994 the Luxembourg steel group Arbed took over the works. In 2001 the group merged to form Arcelor , which was taken over by ArcelorMittal in June 2006 . Around 3600 employees produce up to four million tons of steel (as of 2010) in the Bremen plant.
Commercial and industrial ports on the right bank of the Weser are accessed by the Bremische Hafeneisenbahn , which is connected to the regional rail network at the approach to the railway bridge over the Weser and in Oslebshausen. Until 1930 it was operated by an independent railway company. Neustädter Hafen, a container port on the left bank of the Weser, is connected to the railway line to Oldenburg by a branch line with a freight station, to which the Bremen freight center was also connected.
The industrial harbors district is served by bus routes 80 (operates as a collective taxi in off- peak times ), 81 (Gröpelingen - Bf Oslebshausen - Stahlwerk Tor 2 - Hüttenstraße Süd), as well as lines 91 and 92 of the BSAG , and tram line 3 also touches it over a part the Hafenrandstrasse. The Neustädter Hafen can be reached Monday-Friday by bus routes 62 (Rablinghausen, Stromer Str. - Neustädter Hafen - Hasenbüren) and 63, as well as on weekends by bus routes 65 (Rablinghausen, Stromer Str. - Neustädter Hafen - Hasenbüren - Strom - Rablinghausen, Stromer Str.) And 66 (Rablinghausen, Stromer Str. - Strom - Hasenbüren - Ahrensstr. - Rablinghausen, Stromer Str.) Can be reached. The GVZ freight center is accessed on working days by bus route 63 (Hauptbahnhof - Neustadt - Warturm - GVZ - Warturm - Neustadt - Hauptbahnhof).
The district of Häfen can be reached on the right of the Weser from the federal motorway 27 , via the exits HB-Überseestadt and HB-Industriehäfen . The northern section of the federal motorway 281 , which has only been completed in sections , already has an exit HB-Burg-Gramke to Hafenrandstrasse , which, like all longer roads in Bremen, has no uniform name. The Neustadt ports on the left of the Weser can be reached via the A 281 motorway.
- Iven Krämer et al .: Hundred years of Bremen industrial port . In: Hansa . Issue 8/2010, Schiffahrts-Verlag Hansa, Hamburg 2010, , pp. 215-219.
- Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X .
- Herbert Black Forest: The Great Bremen Lexicon. Volume: supplementary volume . A – Z. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2008, ISBN 978-3-86108-986-5 , p. 77.
- bremen.de - Ports
- Zoll.de ( Memento from May 16, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) - Stadtbremischer Freihafen in Bremerhaven
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 449-01: Floor area according to type of actual use
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 173-01: Population by gender
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 173-61: Foreign population by nationality group and gender
- Bremen small-scale information system at www.statistik-bremen.de - Table 255-60: Unemployed according to selected groups of people and unemployment rate
- Statistical Yearbook 2009 (PDF; 4.0 MB) State Statistical Office Bremen, pp. 9–11 , accessed on June 15, 2010 .
- Local law on advisory boards and local offices of February 2, 2010. Transparency portal Bremen, accessed on July 14, 2017 .
- u. a. Bremen Law Gazette No. 141/2015. (PDF) Electronic law gazettes of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, December 16, 2015, accessed on July 14, 2017 .
- Police enforcement service of the municipality of Bremerhaven