district of Leipzig
|Residents||15,535 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density||3257 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation||Oct. 1, 1910|
Leipzig – Großkorbetha
Leipzig – Leipzig-Wahren
|bus||80, 90, N4|
Source: Leipzig district catalog 2008
Möckern is a district in the north of Leipzig . The name Möckern is probably derived from Mokrina for "settlement in damp, wet terrain" (Old Sorbian from "mokry" for wet, moist).
The most important traffic artery is the Georg-Schumann-Strasse (formerly Hallesche Strasse) which crosses Möckern in an east-west direction and connects Leipzig with Schkeuditz and Halle . Tram lines 10 and 11 run to Wahren and Schkeuditz on this street. The old Möckernsche tram station is now run by an association as a tram museum. Möckern has two S-Bahn stations, the Slevogtstrasse stop on the S3 line on the route to Halle and the Möckern stop on the route to Leutzsch and on to Großkorbetha , which is served by the S1 line towards Grünau and the RB20 regional train to Eisenach .
Little has been preserved of the old village development in Möckern. The town center was located around the intersection of Slevogtstrasse and Bucksdorffstrasse near the White Elster. The remains of some farms and the former estate can still be found there. Möckern experienced a great boom at the end of the 19th century as a place close to the city, especially for workers. The course of Georg-Schumann-Straße and some parallel streets was built on with simple Wilhelminian-style houses. In the sixties and seventies, a smaller new building area was added to the north of it. On the northwestern edge of Möckern lies the Sternsiedlung, a single-family housing estate built in 1933.
The Church of the Resurrection , built in 1900/01 as an emergency church on Georg-Schumann-Strasse, has served the Evangelical Lutheran congregation, which became independent in 1888, as a parish church for over 100 years. The church houses the oldest church organ in Leipzig, built in 1766 by Johann Emanuel Schweinfleisch and rebuilt several times, which had been checked by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy in 1841 and finally in 1901 by the city of Leipzig, who owned the old Reformed church, which was intended to be demolished, was sold to the parish of Möckern.
Not far from the church is the anchor , which used to be a pub with an event hall, which today serves as a district center and youth club. Numerous bands perform in the anchor. Farther south in the Elsteraue is the Wettinbrücke sports field , which is owned by the University of Leipzig .
Barracks on Georg-Schumann-Strasse
From 1875 to 1877, the builders Otto and Joachim Streib and Bernhard Leuthier built the barracks near Möckern with an area of 6,500 m² on Halleschen Strasse (from 1928 Hallische Strasse and today's Georg-Schumann-Strasse) . The building was built according to the plans of the Saxony Military Building Department and cost 2,061,450.10 marks. From 1875 to 1925 the barracks formed an "independent estate district", which meant that they were not subject to the municipality of Möckern or the city of Leipzig. From 1877 to March 24, 1914 the 7th Kgl. Saxon Infantry Regiment "Prinz Georg" (later "King Georg") No. 106 stationed in the barracks. From 1914 to 1918 the barracks served to accommodate reserve troops and as a reserve hospital. From 1920 to 1935 up to 12 security companies are housed in the barracks. After the barracked People's Police were housed there (1952 to 1956), the barracks, renamed “Georg-Schumann” on October 7, 1964, were used in full by units of the NVA from 1956 until the political change . After the fall of the Wall, the barracks were used by the German Armed Forces from 1990 to 1991 and handed over to the Treuhand for civil use on 29 April 1991.
|1875 to 1877:||Construction of the barracks|
|April 1, 1877:||Handover to the 7th Infantry Regiment No. 106|
|July 27, 1882:||Formation of an independent manor district|
|1895:||Construction of the building as "barracks"|
|December 2, 1911:||A fire in the barracks caused damage of around 500,000 marks.|
|February 22, 1914:||The barracks were given the name "König-Georg-Kaserne".|
|November 16, 1914:||Construction of a reserve hospital|
|November 16, 1918:||Formation of security companies|
|June 1, 1920:||The state security police move into the barracks.|
|April 1, 1925:||Incorporation of the barracks to Leipzig|
|March 1942:||In the barracks there is the home horse hospital 104 and the medical replacement department, as well as the on-site battalion zbV.|
|April 19, 1945:||The barracks are taken by American troops of the 2nd Infantry Division and become a collection point for refugees.|
|April 13, 1946:||The barracks will be used as a return camp for German soldiers (quarantine camp).|
|August 10, 1948:||In the barracks, the Saxony People's Police are set up.|
|June 16, 1952:||The VP readiness is taken over by the barracked people's police.|
|June 28, 1956:||Formation of the Leipzig army units of the NVA: The barracks house the headquarters of Military District III, as well as the MotSchützenregiment 16 (MSR 16) and NB 3.|
|October 7, 1964:||The barracks were given the name "Georg Schumann Barracks".|
|October 1972:||The MSR 16 will be relocated to Bad Frankenhausen.|
|October 11, 1979:||Inauguration of a memorial for Georg Schumann|
|October 5, 1990:||Appeals to dissolve the NVA and takeover of the barracks by the Bundeswehr|
|April 29, 1991:||Handover of the barracks to the trust for civil use|
Education and Research
In Möckern there is a primary and secondary school as well as a grammar school. The district is also home to the Institute for Animal Nutrition of the University of Leipzig and the Saxon State Institute for Agriculture , both of which go back to the traditional agricultural research institute Möckern .
- October 16, 1813 : In and around Möckern lies the northern battlefield of the Battle of Nations . The Prussians under Blücher can defeat the French under Marmont and finally storm the village. Most of Möckern's houses are destroyed or badly damaged. The spherical monument in front of the church is a reminder of this.
- 1850: The ball monument commemorating the Battle of the Nations is erected in an open field on Großwiederitzscher Weg in front of Möckern.
- 1852: The Leipzig Economic Society under Wilhelm Crusius founded the first agricultural research institute in Germany on Bucksdorffstrasse. The first director was Prof. Emil von Wolff (1851 to 1854).
- 1856: Möckern belonged to the electoral or royal Saxon district office of Leipzig until 1856 . In 1856 the place came to the court office Leipzig II .
- 1858: The ball monument is erected on Hallische Strasse.
- 1861: Foundation of the Möckern Gymnastics Club
- 1867: Eduard Rohland builds the mountain brewery on Braustraße (today's Seelenbinderstraße). From January 1, 1918, the mountain brewery was owned by the Sternburg Brewery.
- 1868: The Möckern volunteer fire brigade is founded.
- 1873: Establishment of the “Goldener Anker” inn by August Wehse
- 1875: Möckern is part of the Leipzig administration .
- 1878: The hotel "Goldener Löwe" is built on Hallische Strasse.
- 1878: Rödiger & Quarch found a smokers' factory in Reuningstrasse (am Anger), later an ice cream factory (Lipsia ice cream?).
- 1891: Möckern is connected to the Leipzig horse-drawn railway. Electrification takes place in 1897.
- 1895: First burial in the Möckern cemetery . Today it is the smallest municipal cemetery in Leipzig.
- July 1, 1907: The Möckern tram station with a four-track and 56 m long hall and workshop annex goes into operation after around two years of construction. A residential building for seven families of trams will be built on the site of the station.
- 1909: The tram station gets another four-track, approx. 60 m long hall and an office building.
- January 1, 1910: The previously independent community is incorporated into Leipzig.
- 1935 construction of the "Sternsiedlung"
- 1961–1964 Construction of a new residential area north of Georg-Schumann-Str. on previously undeveloped arable and garden land (→ Plattenbauten in Leipzig ).
- March 19, 1972: Both halls of the tram station fell victim to a fire. The damage amounted to 1.25 million GDR marks.
- October 15, 1972: The Möckern tram station goes back into operation.
- 1976: Both halls of the tram station are replaced by a hall with seven tracks.
- 1992: Foundation of the Möckern-Wahren Citizens' Association
- May 17, 1998: Opening of the historic Möckern tram station
- December 17, 2014: Opening of the redesigned Möckern market
- June 15, 2015: Demolition of the "Goldener Löwe" hotel
- June 1, 2018: Opening of the redesigned Renftplatz in front of the Werner-Heisenberg-Gymnasium
- Thomas Nabert, Christoph Kühn: Möckern. A historical and urban study. Leipzig 1998
- The Church of the Resurrection in Leipzig-Möckern on its 100th anniversary. Edited by the church council of the ev.-luth. Church of the Resurrection in Leipzig-Möckern. Leipzig 2001.
- Dieter Kürschner (ed.): History of the barracks on Georg-Schumann-Strasse, Leipzig-Möckern. 1875-1990. (= Gohliser historical booklets, issue 3), Leipzig 1999
- Theodor Apel: The battle of Möckern on October 16, 1813. Leipzig and Naumburg 1851.
- Viaduct. Citizens' newspaper for Möckern and Wahren. 1. 1993 ff. (Every two months)
- Möckern in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Information website My district of the city of Leipzig for Möckern
- District Center Anker eV
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 , pp. 60 f.
- The Amtshauptmannschaft Leipzig in the municipal register 1900