district of Leipzig
|Coordinates||51 ° 18 '50 " N , 12 ° 28' 0" E.|
|Residents||6584 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density||512 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation||Jan. 1, 1999|
|railroad||Leipzig – Geithain|
|bus||73, 74, 172|
Holzhausen is the district 35 in the south-east district and a district of Leipzig . It was created on January 1, 1999 when the previously independent community of Holzhausen was incorporated into the city of Leipzig.
Holzhausen comprises the two districts of Holzhausen (with the old town center of Holzhausen) and Zuckelhausen (with the old town center of Zuckelhausen).
Holzhausen and Zuckelhausen have two completely different village centers. In the 6th to 7th centuries, the Zuckelhausen settlement was founded as a Sorbian Rundangerdorf . The place name at that time "Zschukolosa" seems to be derived from the Sorbian "people who clearing" or from the Slavic "drying mercy", "arid Lehde". The Zuckelhausen church, which is still preserved today, was built as a Romanesque hall building as early as the 12th century . The founding of the Holzhausen settlement as a street perch village is believed to be between the years 1150 and 1200. About 1200 Flemings from the Lower Rhine founded the village "Holzhausen", then known as the "village by the forest".
After the secularization of the monasteries in the course of the Reformation, ownership fell to the sovereign. In 1544, Duke Moritz donated Holzhausen, Zuckelhausen and three other villages to Leipzig University . Until 1844 this exercised the jurisdiction and received payments in kind and forced labor. Until 1856, Holzhausen was part of the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon District Office in Leipzig . From 1856 the place belonged to the court office Leipzig I and from 1875 to the administrative authority of Leipzig .
During the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig (1813) both villages suffered many human sacrifices and great destruction. After 1870 a rapid increase in population began in Holzhausen and Zuckelhausen.
Around 1900 the apple variety Edler von Leipzig was bred in Holzhausen.
In 1934, the unification of Holzhausen and Zuckelhausen, which had been sought since the 1920s, took place. Holzhausen was chosen as the common name. The emergence of many attractive settlements in the 1930s led to a further increase in the population, at times over 7000. The territorial extension of Holzhausen with 12.9 square kilometers is considerable.
Holzhausen in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
On the eve of the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig on October 14, 1813, Napoleon gathered his troops around Leipzig. French troops were also in Holzhausen and the first exchange of fire with the Austrian troops of General Baumgarten on Pösgraben on Poststrasse to Grimma . On October 15, 1813, the French emperor and warlord Napoleon came from Liebertwolkwitz to Baalsdorf via Holzhausen and inspected his troops.
On October 16, 1813, on the orders of Napoleon, Marshal Macdonald and Division General Sebastiani and the 2nd Cavalry Corps captured Kolmberg between Liebertwolkwitz and Holzhausen. However, it failed in Seifertshain , which was held by the Austrians under Cavalry General Klenau.
Napoleon's retreat began early on October 18, 1813. The allied armies under Bennigsen - Russians and Poles, Austrians, Prussians and Cossacks - faced the French, who had meanwhile left the Kolmberg. The French Charpentier division defended itself in Holzhausen against the attack of the Austrians. Around noon, Russian divisions succeeded in taking Holzhausen from the north and east. The whole village was on fire, the church and many farms were destroyed. Many residents also died of the epidemics, so that many properties were orphaned.
100 years after the Battle of the Nations, the Battle of the Nations Monument was inaugurated in Leipzig in 1913 and a bronze imperial double-headed eagle was erected as a memorial in Holzhausen as Austria's contribution to the celebrations .
The townscape is dominated by single-family houses and small villas, but also manors of former large landowners.
The volunteer fire brigade Holzhausen and the Berggut, which houses the Heimatverein Holzhausen, are located in the center of Zuckelhausen.
One of the six regional headquarters of the German Weather Service is also located in Leipzig-Holzhausen .
The Leipzig telecommunications tower of Deutsche Telekom AG is also located in Holzhausen .
The two churches in Holzhausen and Zuckelhausen form the center of the respective town center.
The district has a primary school with daycare and all-day courses. The school building dates back to 1901. There is also a kindergarten in Zuckelhausen called Fuchsbau.
The Holzhausen station, which opened in 1900 (today Leipzig-Holzhausen stop), is on the Leipzig – Geithain railway line . The regional train line RB113 of the DB Regio Südost connects Leipzig-Holzhausen every hour with the Leipzig main station and Geithain .
Bus routes 74 and 172 run by Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe (LVB) in Holzhausen . Furthermore, the “Meusdorf” stop on tram lines 2 and 15 is located on the border between Meusdorf and Holzhausen.
The local councils are part of the city of Leipzig. Together with the election of the city councils, the local council members are elected in the localities. Hans-Jürgen Raqué ( CDU ) is the mayor and thus the chairman of the local council in Holzhausen . The chairman is elected every five years by the members of the local council. The local council itself is elected by the voters in direct election, the chairman in indirect election. The local council currently consists of the following members:
Sports clubs based in Holzhausen are:
- FC Eintracht Holzhausen 1993 eV (football; the first men's team has been back in the city class since 2015/2016)
- TTC Holzhausen eV (table tennis; the 1st men's team of the TTC Holzhausen plays in the Regionalliga Süd in the 2012/13 season)
- SV Holzhausen eV (gymnastics, judo, bowling)
- Fritz Zalisz (1893–1971), painter, graphic artist, sculptor and poet, lived and worked in Holzhausen
- Christian Grunert (1900–1975), gardener and author, ran a horticultural business in Holzhausen
- Manfred Kobuch (1935–2018), archivist and historian, born in Holzhausen
- Fritz Krausch (* 1938), mathematician and politician, born in Holzhausen
- Hellmuth Costard (1940–2000), film director, born in Holzhausen
Memorial stones for victims of forced labor
Graves with memorial stones in the local cemetery at Zuckelhäuser Strasse 3 commemorate three Soviet prisoners of war known by name who fell victim to forced labor during the Second World War .
The partner municipality of Leipzig-Holzhausen is the municipality of March (Breisgau) near Freiburg im Breisgau in Baden-Württemberg .
Apelstein No. 7 on the Kolmberg
- Ingeburg Manig: Family book Holzhausen with Zuckelhausen near Leipzig 1588–1799. Leipzig: AMF 2015 (= Central German local family books of the AMF 81)
- Holzhausen (Leipzig) in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Information website My district of the city of Leipzig for Holzhausen
- (unofficial) homepage of the place
- Aerial photos
- Holzhausen in the Leipzig Lexicon
- Info page Holzhausen-Leipzig.de
- ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 60 f.
- ↑ The Amtshauptmannschaft Leipzig in the municipal register 1900
- ↑ Heros Nurseries
- ↑ Regional Headquarters Leipzig (accessed on October 4, 2010)