district of Leipzig
Hänichen is a district in the north-west of Leipzig . It was an independent municipality until it was united in 1922 with the neighboring town of Quasnitz . In 1929 the two were incorporated into Lützschena. Lützschena merged with Stahmeln in 1994 to form Lützschena-Stahmeln, which has been a district of Leipzig since 1999 .
Location and local characteristics
Hänichen is on the northern edge of the floodplain of the White Elster on the old road from Leipzig to Halle . The neighboring towns on the street are Quasnitz in the east and Schkeuditz district Modelwitz in the west. Hänichen is nine kilometers to the north-west of Leipzig city center.
Hänichen is almost a pure residential area with predominantly individual buildings. With the tram line 11 it has a direct connection to the city center of Leipzig.
Hänichen was created in the course of the German eastern settlement of the 11th / 12th. Century. A small settlement arose between the Sorbian hamlets of Modelwitz and Quasnitz , probably enclosed by a hedge. Such a fence was called haga in Germanic , from which the name Hänichen (1753) may have developed with a diminutive of Heynigen (1337), Hennichen (1497), Henchen (1545) and Heynichen (1590). As early as the 13th century, a church is guaranteed for Hänichen, to which Quasnitz was a parish. After the Reformation , the parishes of Hänichen and Lützschena were united with the stipulation that the pastor should live in Lützschena and the sexton in Hänichen. In the Thirty Years' War Hänichen was cremated. Before that (1562) it had 32 farms and only 20 again in 1764.
Hänichen was never assigned to a manor, but always an official village. Until 1815 it belonged to the Schkeuditz office of the Merseburg penitentiary , which had been under Electoral Saxon sovereignty since 1561 and belonged to the secondary school principality of Saxony-Merseburg between 1656/57 and 1738 . Through the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna , the western part of the Schkeuditz office was ceded to Prussia in 1815. Hänichen remained with the eastern part of the Kingdom of Saxony and was incorporated into the Leipzig district office. The results of the Congress of Vienna and the division or dissolution of the Schkeuditz office made Hänichen a border town to the Prussian province of Saxony , which is why a customs house was built in Hänichen . With the accession of Saxony and Prussia to the German Customs Union in 1834, the customs barriers fell again. Until 1846 the children of Lützschena and Quasnitz attended the Hänicher school.
In 1905/1906 the church was rebuilt and expanded and a tower was built instead of the previous ridge . The name Hainkirche was introduced in 1940 at the urging of the mayor at the time. In 2011, the church council of Lützschena decided on the occasion of the completion of the interior renovation that the church should now bear the name Hainkirche St. Vinzenz . The Bismarck Tower was built on a hill north of the village in 1914/1915 .
In 1910, Hänichen was given a full-time community council. On February 1, 1922, Hänichen and Quasnitz united to form the community of Quasnitz-Hänichen, which was incorporated into Lützschena in 1929. After the union in 1994 with Stahmeln to Lützschena-Stahmeln, it was incorporated into Leipzig in 1999.
- Lützschena - A historical and urban study . PRO LEIPZIG 1999
- Hänichen (Leipzig) . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 3rd volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1816, p. 664.
- Cornelius Gurlitt : Hänichen. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 16. Issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Leipzig (Leipzig Land) . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1894, p. 52.
- Hänichen in Saxony's church gallery. - The inspections: Leipzig and Grimma , Dresden 1844
- Hänichen in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Information website My district of the city of Leipzig for Lützschena-Stahmeln
- Leipzig Lexicon
- Chronology Lützschena with Hänichen on the Lützschena-Stahmeln website
- see Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas , Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 , p. 84 f.
- Ernst Moritz Reichel: Local and Pfaff chronicle for Lützschena and Hänichen with Quasnitz , entry from March 13, 1846.
- Auenkurier, July 2011