v. u. Z. (before our calendar) is used to count the year with reference to the birth of Jesus Christ , without expressing the Christian reference. This term is sometimes used by non-denominational people , members of non-Christian religions and in expressly secular states and the more common abbreviation v. BC preferred.
In the same way u. Z. ( according to our time calculation , also n.E. Z. , according to our time calculation ) for years, counted from the year of Jesus' birth ( year 1 ) assumed when the year was introduced .
Other terms that want to avoid the Christian reference are v. d. Z./n. d. Z. (before / after the calendar or before / after the turning point) .
- In the course of the French Revolution there was an effort to avoid the Christian reference. In France, the term avant notre ère (German before our era , before our era or before our calendar ) has been used since then, as has been the case in a number of other countries.
- As early as the early 19th century, German Jews were using the phrase “before the usual calendar” because it prevented the recognition of Jesus as the Messiah. Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786), who wanted to promote the integration of Jews into German society, advised against it, but the enlightened Jews of Berlin retained the use of “before / after the calendar”.
- In 1938 the National Socialist Teachers' Association in Germany tried to introduce "before / after (the) time calculation" into lessons, which German Jews found strange because "the Aryans adopted a Jewish usage".
- In the German Democratic Republic were v. u. Z. and (n.) U. Z. the standard formulation.
- In the German literature of the various religions, especially Judaism , v. d. Z. the common designation of times before the turning point .
- Christians occasionally use the term when referring to the birth of Jesus Christ himself to avoid a paradox. Since the year of Jesus Christ's birth does not coincide with the beginning of the calendar, the use of the abbreviation v. d. Z. paradoxical statements like "Jesus Christ was born around 6 BC. Should be avoided and instead more precisely by “Jesus Christ was born around 6 BC. d. Born Z. ”.
- English terms that want to avoid the Christian reference are BCE / CE (for Before (the) Common / Current / Christian Era and Common / Current / Christian Era , Vor der Customary / Present / Christian Era and Usual / Present / Christian Era ) instead of BC / AD (for before Christ and anno Domini , before Christ and in the year of the Lord ).
Arguments for non-Christian names
- The reference point of the Christian calendar is not correct. If the biblical accounts of Jesus Christ are viewed as reliable sources, he could have been in the years 7 to 4 BC. d. Z. was born because, according to the Gospels , his birth fell during the reign of Herod the Great . The Gospel of Luke, on the other hand, ties the time of his birth to the census at the time of the Syrian governor Quirinius in 7 AD. Z. ( Luke 2: 1–2).
- The designation vu Z. has a more neutral reference to the religions than v./n. BC and is therefore appropriate to the plural relationships in a secular state.
- The date norm binding in the EU ( EN 28601 ) with negative and positive numbers and the year zero no longer refers to religious teachings ( 44 BC = −43 , 2000 AD = 2000 or +2000 ).
- The use of the term Christ is a creed . Muslims , Jews , atheists and others could find this discriminatory or as damaging to their religious beliefs or freedom of belief .
Arguments against non-Christian names
- The designation v./n. Chr. Is common and customary for a long time. As a rule, those who use them only follow general practices. A certain attitude towards Christianity cannot be derived from this.
- The designation v./n. BC refers to the historical origin of this year count.
- On January 1st, 1 (according to historical calculation the year 1, according to astronomical calculation ) there was no event that would justify the beginning of a universal calendar. The concept of our era only suggests a universal character independent of Christian origin.
- A yearly count related to Jesus Christ is not necessarily Christian, since Jesus is also significant outside of Christianity . So Muslims know Jesus of Nazareth as Isa bin Maryam .
- In the area of Islam , for example in the Arab world , the calculation of time milādī ('after the birth' [Christ]) is more common than the calculation of hidschrī ('after emigration' [from Mecca]).
- The formulation of “our calendar” presupposes internationally and ethnically that the other person uses the same calendar.
- Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums: An impartial organ for all Jewish interests in terms of politics, religion, literature, history, linguistics and fiction, Volume 2. Leipzig 1838, p. 175.
- TIME, March 7, 1938: Germany: Jewish Joke Last accessed November 17, 2012 (dead)