Sound shift

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With sound shift certain systematic be sound change called phenomena, the one in the course of development language may occur.

Here are transformed according to certain rules consonants and / or vowels the regular way in other order (reflected, for example, alternation of low-German and English wa t he to high German Wa ss he , low German e t s or ea t s and English ea t too high German e ss en reflect the high German sound shift ).


Sound shifts can be observed in the history of many languages. They occur in batches, whereby the new condition can then remain unchanged for centuries. There is no consensus about what triggers such profound shifts in the sound system of a language.

In the history of the German language, the term “Lautverschichtung” is primarily used for two similarly positioned consonant shifts that led from Indo-European via Germanic to German , the first and the second phonetic shift .

Another important sound change, this time a vowel shift, marks the transition from Middle High German to New High German and thus also an important difference to most Low German dialects: the diphthongization of long vowels or the diphthong change.

See also


Web links

Wiktionary: sound shift  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Astrid Stedje: German language yesterday and today. Introduction to language history and linguistics. Fink, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-7705-2514-0 , pp. 41, 59.