|Height :||536 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.88 km²|
|Residents :||1691 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||190 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||88682|
|Area code :||07554|
Beuren is located in a landscape steeped in history, around 15 km northeast of Überlingen on Lake Constance and directly south of the community of Heiligenberg . The place lies at the foot of the steep step of the Linzgau mountains at an altitude between 550 and . From the Trillenbühl district in particular, the view extends over Linzgau , Lake Constance and the Alps .
In the forest area north of Beuren there are geological outcrops of molasse sandstone in several places . These deposit layers originate from a large sea that stretched over the entire pre-Alpine region in the Tertiary around 60 million years ago. The Nagelfluh rock , which was "baked together" from gravel and gravel in the last Ice Age about a million to 500,000 years ago, is a little younger . You can find this near the Klause Egg, for example.
Beuren includes the villages of Beuren and Altenbeuren , the hamlet of Bächen , the houses Aspen , Binzwangen , Faßler , Holdern , Im Tiefenweg , Kaltenbrunnen and Trillenbühl , the farm Ölmühle and the deserted areas of Merwangen and Togerbach .
Expansion of the area
The total area of the Beuren district is 888 hectares (as of November 30, 2010).
Altenbeuren was mentioned in a document as early as 783 or 786 when it was donated to the St. Gallen monastery . Beuren was first mentioned in 1163 when a servant was handed over to the Reichenau monastery . The name "Beuren" is probably derived from the old German cedo bure , which means something like the house . Some people are also mentioned with reference to the name of the place: 1189 a Heinricus von Bürron, 1196 Ortolf von Altenbeuren, who was a servant of the Reichenau monastery. The name "Trillenbühl" is derived from the old German Trulle for dog and Bühl for slope and can be traced back to an old legend, which is also the subject of the Tryllenbühler fools' guild.
Up until the year 1000 there was a free market cooperative in the Beurener localities, in which everyone was obliged to help the other. During the rule of the Franconian counts over the place, many free peasants became tenants because they bought themselves free from being sent to military service.
The rule over the place changed several times in the course of history. Around the year 1000 Beuren was under the rule of the Counts of Pfullendorf , from 1083 the Heiligenberg counts , from 1258 the Werdenbergs and from 1468 their successors, the Fürstenbergs . In 1313 the Knights of Beuren sold their property to the Salem Monastery and moved to Pfullendorf. In addition to the Salem Monastery, the Überlingen Hospital , the Cathedral Chapter and the Konstanz Hospital also owned land in Beuren.
The district court in Beuren has met since 1431, initially in a public square as required, and since 1500 in the district courtroom every two weeks. Beuren had nine free farmers around 1580, all others were unfree.
During the Thirty Years' War as part of the siege of the Free Imperial City of Überlingen from 1634 to 1636, the place was sacked by Swedish troops and almost completely destroyed. Only the command of the occupation under General Horn, known today as the Schwedenhaus (early 16th century), was spared. In 1637 Beuren was incorporated into the imperial county of Heiligenberg.
On January 1, 1975, Beuren was incorporated into Salem.
Beuren currently has 1691 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).
- 1953 Construction of the water supply
- 1964 new school house with kindergarten
- 1971 Extension and new construction of the cemetery with a funeral hall and war memorial
- 1972 Preparation for the local sewer system
- 1997 Salem-Beuren primary school
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the formerly independent municipality of Beuren shows a green linden leaf in silver on a curly red rafter.
Culture and sights
- A Franciscan convent has been located in the sheltered basin of Bächen since 1412 . Like many other monasteries, it was dissolved during the secularization.
- The Egg Klause , which was settled for the first time in 1256, is located in the forest north of Beuren within the Heiligenberg district . For a long time it belonged to the Salem monastery and served as a refuge for Cistercian monks . Since 1971 some Trappist women have been living here very secluded .
- The so-called Sweden House , a two-story, stilted, Alemannic half-timbered building with an infilled living bay dated to the year 1367 . The building at Schwedenstrasse 12 was named " Monument of the Month July 2011" by the Baden-Württemberg Monument Foundation.
The presence of the Swedes during the Thirty Years' War has been reflected in social life to this day. Every two years the so-called Sweden market takes place during the carnival season, on which everything from the usual junk to the so-called Swedish food is offered. With the Swedish Council, the fools' guild has also introduced a so-called rabbit group with a historical background.
Economy and Infrastructure
Beuren is part of the Bodensee-Oberschwaben (Bodo) transport association and is connected to Überlingen, Heiligenberg, Meersburg, Frickingen and Salem by a bus line (Bus 7397).
Fruit cultivation ( Bodensee fruit ) is on the one hand the economic basis for many farmers and on the other hand contributes significantly to the landscape of the place.
Tourists can find accommodation in restaurants, pensions, holiday farms or in private guest rooms.
Beuren has a kindergarten and a primary school.
- District area 8,882,136 m²
- Inhabitants + Area ( Memento of the original from June 28, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. the municipality of Salem; accessed on February 24, 2015
- Salem a) Beuren in: Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative region. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 , p. 591.
- StiASG , Urk. I 83. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 12, 2020.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 546 .
- "Franciscan convent Bächen" in the database of monasteries in Baden-Württemberg of the Baden-Württemberg State Archives
- Monument Baden-Württemberg: Funding Report 2012 , p. 14