|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|County :||Lake Constance district|
|Height :||440 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||62.7 km 2|
|Residents:||11,345 (Dec 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||181 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88682|
|Primaries :||07553, 07554, 07544, 07556|
|License plate :||FN, TT, ÜB|
|Community key :||08 4 35 052|
|LOCODE :||DE KVV|
|Address of the
|Leutkircher Strasse 1
|Mayor :||Manfred Härle ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Salem in the Lake Constance district|
The community is located about nine kilometers east of Überlingen and ten kilometers northeast of Meersburg im Linzgau in the hinterland of Lake Constance, mainly in the Salemer Aach valley . The Oberstenweiler district is located on a secondary summit of the Gehrenberg at an altitude of up to 600 m. The district area covers 62.70 km².
The municipality of Salem consists of eleven suburbs : the main town Salem (with the village Stefansfeld and the farms Forst [erhof] , Schwandorf [erhof] and Spitznagelhof ), Beuren (with the village Altenbeuren , the hamlet of Bächen , the houses Aspen , Binzwangen , Faßler , Holdern , Im Tiefenweg , Kaltenbrunnen and Trillenbühl , the Ölmühle farm as well as the Merwangen and Togerbach deserts ), Buggensegel (with the houses in Im Bremgarten and In den Rubäckern and the Höfe Wehhausen ), Grasbeuren (with the houses Grasbeuren Bahnstation , In der Brief and In der Roggenbreite ), Mimmenhausen (with the Killenberg house and the Banzenreute desert ), Mittelstenweiler (with the village of Unterstenweiler and the Roter Torkel house ), Neufrach (with the hamlet of Leutkirch and Haberstenweiler , the farms at Beim Steinernen Brückle , Birkenweiler , the fisherman's house , the houses Leimgrube , Mimmenhausen-Neufrach train station , Mimmenhausen train station , Mittelstenweiler train station , Tobelhof and Wespach and the Wüstungen Ge roldshaldum and Herwigiswilare ), Oberstenweiler (with the Rimpertsweiler farm ), Rickenbach , Tüfingen (with the hamlet of Baufnang , the houses Im Strohschneider , the Berghof and Ralzhof and the farms Im Vogelsang , Mendlishausen ) and Weildorf (with the Zinken Im Kogenwinkel , the farm Schapbuch and the Rustingsberg desert ).
|coat of arms||District||Population
(as of December 31, 2019)
(as of December 31, 2019)
|Salem||1229||744 ha||7,439,778 m²|
|Beuren||1691||888 ha||8,882,136 m²|
|Bow sail||324||361 ha||3,609,393 m²|
|Grasbeuren||346||347 ha||3,466,822 m²|
|Mimmenhausen||3272||628 ha||6,281,219 m²|
|Mittelstenweiler||698||314 ha||3,144,257 m²|
|Neufrach||2445||1030 ha||10,297,265 m²|
|Oberstenweiler||343||324 ha||3,244,134 m²|
|Rickenbach||234||171 ha||1,706,179 m²|
|Tuefingen||312||911 ha||9,113,922 m²|
|Weildorf||774||551 ha||5,513,321 m²|
For a detailed history of the monastery, see the article Reichsabbey Salem .
Until the 19th century
The area had been populated at least since the Bronze Age. From the 3rd century onwards, the Alemanni , and later the incoming Franks, founded several villages, including the small settlement Salemanneswilare (later Salmannsweiler).
It is here that the Cistercian Order founded the Salem Monastery in 1137 . It was quickly raised to the rank of imperial abbey and gained even greater independence in 1178 when it was given by Pope Alexander III. was placed directly under the Holy See .
The monastery soon achieved land ownership and extraordinary prosperity through donations, gifts and its own trade, and gained in importance far beyond the region.
The highly Gothic Salem Minster , which has been preserved to this day, was built from around 1285 to 1425 . In 1595 the abbey was given the general vicariate of all Cistercian monasteries in southern Germany. In 1637, through a contract with the Princely House of Fürstenberg , she received county rights and thus full sovereignty over the Salem area.
In the 17th century, the monastery had to cope with severe setbacks. It was only slowly recovering from the Thirty Years' War , which brought death and devastation to entire regions. In 1697 a fire not only destroyed most of the buildings but also numerous art treasures in the abbey.
In the period that followed, the Baroque buildings , which have been preserved to this day, were built under the master builder Franz Beer from Vorarlberg , and the Reichsstift experienced a splendid rise again. Among other things, Abbot Anselm II. Schwab founded an orphanage in 1749, which is considered the first savings bank in Germany. Anselm also had the Birnau pilgrimage church built on the shores of Lake Constance.
The great time of the monastery ended with the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803. It was secularized , the territory fell to the Margraviate of Baden . From then on, Salem was only of regional political importance.
Today's municipality was reorganized as part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg on April 1, 1972 by the union of the municipalities of Salem, Buggensegel, Mimmenhausen, Mittelstenweiler, Neufrach, Rickenbach, Tüfingen and Weildorf. On January 1, 1973, Oberstenweiler and Grasbeuren were incorporated. Beuren was incorporated on January 1, 1975.
|June 30, 1976||6,800|
|March 30, 1980||7,676|
|June 30, 1985||8,607|
|June 30, 1990||9,273|
|June 30, 1995||10,321|
|June 30, 2000||10,986|
|June 30, 2005||11,152|
|June 30, 2010||11,166|
|June 30, 2015||11,471|
|June 30, 2019||11,625|
The mayor, who is directly elected for eight years, is a member of the municipal council as chairman with voting rights. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:
Manfred Härle has been Mayor of Salem since 2004. On September 30, 2012, he was re-elected with 92.7 percent of the votes in the first ballot and a turnout of 33.9 percent; he was the only candidate for office. Härle, who started as a non-party, was mayor of Talheim in the Tuttlingen district from 2001 to 2004 . On November 1, 2004 he took office; the official inauguration took place on November 8, 2004.
- 1972–1988: Werner Kesenheimer
- 1988–2004: Peter Allgaier (FWV)
- since 2004: Manfred Härle (independent)
coat of arms
Blazon : "Azure, one in two rows of red and silver geschachter inclined beam (Cistercian bars), topped with a growing from the lower margin, left-turned golden Abtsstab with triple silver after gekehrtem below Pannisellus (handkerchief)."
Culture and sights
- The Salem Castle is home to the largest fire brigade museum in Europe, a distillery and cooperage, the archive of the art collection Bodenseekreis , a historic forge and a wine cellar and provides insight into 700 years of art history.
- The Feuchtmayer Museum in the Mimmenhausen district shows exhibits on the life and work of the baroque sculptor and stucco maker Josef Anton Feuchtmayer , who lived and worked in Mimmenhausen.
- Another attraction of the community is the Affenberg , an almost 20-hectare wooded area open to visitors, in which around 200 Barbary macaques roam freely. The site also includes a large carp pond, an outdoor enclosure for fallow deer and a rearing and feeding station for white storks .
- The 17 hectare former monastery complex of the Salem Imperial Abbey , with the high Gothic Salem Minster , was transformed into a palace complex by the Grand Dukes of Baden. In addition to the Schloss Salem boarding school, it houses several museums.
- The baroque Stefansfeld Chapel in the Stefansfeld district was built by Franz Beer , the architect of the monastery buildings
In summer, the open-air pool at Schlosssee attracts bathers from all over the region. There is also a tennis facility and hall, a football and athletics stadium, sports fields, sports halls and rehearsal rooms for clubs.
Salem has numerous clubs, including the Salem fanfare train.
The Schlossseefest Salem, one of the largest open-air events in the Lake Constance region, takes place on the outdoor pool area every first weekend in summer . The highlight is a sound art fireworks display on Saturday evening over the castle lake. International artists perform at large open-air concerts on the castle grounds.
Economy and Infrastructure
The economy in Salem is characterized by small businesses and craft businesses. A significant proportion of employees do not work in Salem, but commute to the larger cities in the region. The companies Hermann Schwelling Maschinenbau and Advanced Space Power Equipment GmbH are based in Salem. The Salem business park is trying to create new jobs in the community.
There are also a number of high-tech companies and an industrial park in the Neufrach industrial park.
With the Sparkasse Salem-Heiligenberg , the municipality has the oldest savings bank in Germany. It was founded in 1749 by Abbot Anselm II. On August 1, 1975, the then Bezirkssparkasse Salem was merged with the Bezirkssparkasse Heiligenberg to today's Sparkasse Salem-Heiligenberg.
There are 115 small burners in the municipality of Salem (as of December 2011).
Since 1901 Salem has been connected to the railway network by the Stahringen – Friedrichshafen line. There are hourly connections to Markdorf and Friedrichshafen in the east and Überlingen , Radolfzell and Singen in the west. The community belongs to the Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund ( bodo ). The railway line to Frickingen has been closed and dismantled.
A well-known private school has been established in Salem . The boarding school at Schule Schloss Salem was founded on April 14, 1920 by reform educators Kurt Hahn and Prince Max von Baden and is under the patronage of the respective Baden-Württemberg minister of culture.
The Salem Education Center, which opened in 1976, is located directly on the Schlosssee. There is a community school here .
The suburbs of Mimmenhausen, Neufrach and Beuren each have their own primary school , while Stefansfeld has a public special needs school with an attached advice center for early intervention. The Fritz-Baur-Grundschule is named after Fritz Baur, then mayor of the independent community of Mimmenhausen for community reform in Baden-Württemberg.
The Sonnenbergschule school for the mentally handicapped is located in Buggensegel .
In addition, the community's music school is located in the suburb of Weildorf in the former school building.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Hans Saphoy († 1578), cathedral builder
- Jodok Pein († after 1729), registrar, lay founder, clerk and teaching provost
- Joseph Anton Feuchtmayer (1696–1770), plasterer and Rococo sculptor
- Johann Baptist von Keller (1774–1845), Bishop of Rottenburg
- Albert Jack (1856–1935), architect
- Marie Alexandra von Baden (1902–1944), Princess of Baden
- Arthur Raither (1911–1988), born in Neufrach, farmer, agricultural politician
- Maximilian Andreas Margrave of Baden (* 1933), head of the House of Baden since 1963
- Abdullah Wagishauser (* 1950), Muslim clergyman
- Alexander Hahn (* 1987), politician ( FDP )
Personalities connected to the community
- Markus Baur (* 1971), national handball player, lives in Salem and played in the suburb of Mimmenhausen
- Thomas Stehle (* 1980), soccer player, grew up in Salem and learned to play soccer at RW Salem
- Author collective: Salem. Kaleidoscope of a thriving community . Papyri bookstore, Salem-Mimmenhausen 2000, 72 pages, ISBN 3-929551-08-X
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Inhabitants & area of the municipality of Salem; Retrieved December 8, 2016
- See Salem . in: The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative district , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 . Pp. 590-596.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 503 and 546 .
- Population development ( Memento of the original from May 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. the municipality of Salem; Retrieved February 24, 2012
- Results of the Salem municipal council elections in 2019. Accessed on July 12, 2019 .
- Official election result of the mayoral election 2012 ( memento of the original from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Martin Baur (mba): Härle is just one step ahead . In: Südkurier of July 26, 2004
- (cas), Manfred Dieterle-Jöchle (dim): Hall follows Härle . In: Südkurier from October 25, 2004
- (as): Now it's the turn of the FWV . In: Südkurier of October 14, 2004
- Manfred Dieterle-Jöchle (dim): Executive chair in the town hall is free . In: Südkurier of March 26, 2004
- Manfred Dieterle-Jöchle (dim): Start as a carpenter . In: Südkurier of March 26, 2004
- Bad weather tips . In: Bad weather tips . Special issue of the Bodensee Ferienzeitung. Edition 2/2009. Südkurier GmbH Medienhaus, Konstanz 2009, p. 4 f.
- Peter Schober: Salem. Salem is not backward . In: The region introduces itself. We are here . Special supplement to Südkurier from November 19, 2010, p. 8.
- Associations in Salem (Baden). ( Memento of the original from August 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Südkurier-Grafik: Orlowski / Source: Hauptzollamt Ulm: Number of small burners . In: Hanspeter Walter (hpw): The old monopoly is running out . In: Südkurier of December 17, 2011