Karl Caspar

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Karl Caspar (born March 13, 1879 in Friedrichshafen , † September 21, 1956 in Brannenburg ) was a German painter who mainly lived and worked in Munich .

Live and act

After studying at the Art Academy in Stuttgart and in 1900 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich , he became a member of the Stuttgart Artists' Association in 1904 and of the German Association of Artists in 1906 . In 1907 he married the painter Maria Caspar-Filser . The daughter Felizitas emerged from the marriage in 1917. In 1913 he was a founding member of the artist group Neue Münchener Secession (see Munich Secession ), which also included the painters Alexej von Jawlensky , Adolf Erbslöh , Wladimir von Bechtejeff , Paul Klee and Alexander Kanoldt . In 1919 he became chairman of this group.

With his wife Maria Caspar-Filser, whom he married in 1907, they often spent their summer holidays in Hödingen , where they visited a.o. a. Paul Renner , Fritz Spannagel and Maria Gundrum (1868–1941). From 1922 to 1937 he was a professor at the Munich Academy . The “Degenerate Art” exhibition, which opened in Munich on July 19, 1937 , also showed works by Karl Caspar. In the following years, his Christian- inspired paintings and graphics, which were equally influenced by Impressionism and Expressionism, were removed and / or destroyed from German museums and public collections. He was therefore forced to submit a request to resign from the teaching post; during an absence, his wife was dictated to “his” application for early retirement, which was granted on November 24, 1937. After a physical breakdown in 1939, he and his family began to retreat to the previous holiday home in Brannenburg . There he succeeded in building a studio extension in which he could accommodate most of his own pictures and the entire collection of the publisher Reinhard Piper . When his apartment in Munich was destroyed in a bomb attack in 1944 , letters, furniture and other pictures were lost.

As early as 1946 he was reappointed as professor at the Munich Academy. In 1948 he was one of the founding members of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts . In the same year he participated in the Biennale in Venice in part. In 1950 he received the Great Federal Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany , in 1952 together with his wife the Upper Swabian Art Prize, which was awarded for the first time . In 1955, a year before his death, he became a member of the Berlin Academy of the Arts .

His students included Joseph Loher and Gretel Loher-Schmeck , who are attributed to the lost generation , as well as Ali Kurt Baumgarten , Peter Paul Etz , Erich Horndasch , Richard Stumm , Fred Thieler and Walter Zimmermann .

Karl Caspar was the brother of the Kepler researcher Max Caspar .

Public collections



United States


  • Peter-Klaus Schuster (editor): "Munich shone". Karl Caspar and the renewal of Christian art in Munich around 1900 , Munich 1984, ISBN 3-7913-0686-3
  • Wirth Günther u. a .: Maria Caspar-Filser - Karl Caspar. Tracked images . Städtische Galerie Albstadt, 1993, ISBN 3-923644-53-1
  • Karl Theodor Köster, Felizitas EM Köster-Caspar: Karl Caspar. The graphic work. Complete directory . Edited by Eduard Hindelang. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen, 1985 (published on the occasion of the exhibition "Karl Caspar. The graphic work" in Museum Langenargen.), ISBN 3-7995-3157-2

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Academy of Fine Arts Munich: Karl Caspar in the register book. Retrieved November 13, 2019 .
  2. ^ Dorothea Roth: Summer vacation in Hödingen. In: Basler Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Vol. 96, 1966, p. 200.Retrieved on November 13, 2019 .
  3. ^ Karl-Heinz Meißner: Karl Caspar - painter of hope. Life and work , in: “Munich shone”, page 251 f. There also “Data on Carl Caspar”, page 230.