Maria Caspar-Filser (born August 7, 1878 in Riedlingen , † February 12, 1968 in Brannenburg ) was a German modern painter . She was one of the founding members of the New Munich Secession and was influenced by Impressionism and Expressionism . During the time of National Socialism , her works were defamed as Degenerate Art and removed from museums. After the end of the war she received several awards.
life and work
After studying at the Stuttgart Art Academy and the Munich Art Academy , Maria Filser married the painter Karl Caspar in 1907 ; In 1917 the daughter Felizitas was born. In 1909 she became a member of the Deutscher Künstlerbund , in 1913 she was the only woman to be one of the founding members of the artist group Neue Münchener Secession (see Munich Secession ). In 1925 she was the first German painter to receive the title of professor. She taught at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 1928 she took part in the Venice Biennale .
In 1936 became their of Impressionism and Expressionism alike influenced paintings and graphics from an exhibition at the Neue Pinakothek by the Nazis "as degenerate " stigmatized and removed, and as a result, which opened in Munich on July 19, 1937 the exhibition "Degenerate Art" from all museums and banned and / or destroyed public collections. During her husband's absence, she was dictated to “his” early retirement application. Under these circumstances, she and her family began to retreat to the previous holiday home in Brannenburg in 1939, where she stayed until her death. During the war, the Caspars did not receive any coupons for painting materials. Her husband therefore decided not to paint in order to enable her to use the few canvases and oil paints that she received from students and her future son-in-law. The apartment in Munich was destroyed in a bomb attack in 1944.
In 1947, Maria Caspar-Filser received the Fine Arts Prize from the City of Munich, and a year later she again took part in the Venice Biennale . She was one of the founding members of the German Association of Artists in 1950 , in whose first annual exhibition in 1951 in Berlin she took part with three oil paintings ( winter night in the studio , still life and autumn landscape ). In the same year she became a member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts . In 1959, the honorary member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts was the first woman painter to receive the Federal Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany .
Further awards: 1952 Upper Swabian Art Prize (together with her husband), 1962 Culture Prize from the city of Rosenheim . Your home community Brannenburg named the local elementary and middle school Maria Caspar Filser School (MCF) .
Her brother Benno Filser worked as a publisher in Augsburg and Munich.
Although she was successful as a painter during her lifetime and has received numerous awards, she is one of those women in art who at times had almost been forgotten. It was not until 2013 that her works were shown again to the public - for the first time in over two decades. This exhibition of her pictures took place from March to July 2013 at the Hohenkarpfen Art Museum . It was organized in cooperation with the city of Ochsenhausen , where another exhibition was held (in the Ochsenhausen monastery). At the beginning of 2016 she was in the collective exhibition Empathy and Abstraction at the Kunsthalle Bielefeld . Representing the modern age of women in Germany .
- Caspar-Filser, Maria . In: Ulrich Thieme (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists from Antiquity to the Present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 6 : Carlini-Cioci . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1912, p. 121 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
- Caspar-Filser, Maria . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century. tape 1 : A-D . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1953, p. 402 .
- Günther Wirth among others: Maria Caspar-Filser - Karl Caspar. Tracked images . Städtische Galerie, Albstadt 1993, ISBN 3-923644-53-1 .
- Günther Wirth: Art in the German Southwest from 1945 to the present . Hatje, Stuttgart 1982.
- Annedore Brock: Caspar-Filser, Maria . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 17, Saur, Munich a. a. 1997, ISBN 3-598-22757-4 , p. 116.
- Felicitas EM Köster, Stefan Borchardt (Eds.): Maria Caspar-Filser . Catalog for the exhibition at the Hohenkarpfen Art Foundation from March 24 to July 14, 2013. Belser, Stuttgart 2013.
- Literature by and about Maria Caspar-Filser in the catalog of the German National Library
- City archive Rosenheim
- Obituary for Caspar Filser in the mirror
- Report on the 2013 exhibition in the Südkurier
- Summer vacation in Hödingen: Summer vacation in Hödingen. In: Basler Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Vol. 96, 1966, p. 200.Retrieved on November 13, 2019 .
- Karl-Heinz Meißner: Karl Caspar - painter of hope. Life and work , in: "München Leuchtete" , Munich 1984, ISBN 3-7913-0686-3 , p. 251 f.
- Exhibition catalog: Deutscher Künstlerbund 1950. First exhibition (1 Aug. – 1 Oct. 1951) in the rooms of the University of Fine Arts , Hardenbergstr. 33. (without page numbers)
- vsbrannenburg.de: Maria-Caspar-Filser-Schule (MCF) (accessed on February 14, 2016).
- See page about the exhibition under Kunststiftung-Hohenkarpfen
- Stefan Simon: Honored - but the international recognition is missing , in: Schwarzwälder Bote , April 2, 2013.
- Empathy and abstraction. The modern age of women in Germany. Exhibition in the Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Oct. 2015 - Feb. 2016, accessed on April 28, 2016.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Filser, Maria (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 7, 1878|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Riedlingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 12, 1968|
|Place of death||Brannenburg|