State capital Munich
|Height :||520 (520-542) m|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1942|
|Postcodes :||81243, 81245, 81249|
|Area code :||089|
Location of Aubings in the south of borough 22
Aubing is the westernmost district of Munich . Together with the northern districts of Lochhausen and Langwied , it has formed Munich's district 22 Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied since 1992 . Neuaubing and the settlement Am Westkreuz also belong to Aubing. The original town center lies on the northern end of the Munich gravel plain , at the transition to the Dachauer Moos . The documented history of Aubing begins on April 16, 1010. Alt-Aubing, the center of which is a listed building as an ensemble , reflects the village origins with still existing rural properties. The parish church of St. Quirin , consecrated in 1489, with a tower from the 13th century is also located here.
With the railway connection in the 19th century, the population began to grow rapidly to over 30,000 inhabitants today, so that the buildings in the north, east and west have grown together with the neighboring districts and communities or are only separated from them by railways. To the west of today's buildings are the Aubinger Lohe forest and many agricultural fields. On part of this area, the new Freiham district has been under construction since 2006 on the southern edge of Aubing near the Freiham estate , which is bordered to the west by the A 99 motorway ring with the Aubingen motorway tunnel .
The old town center of Aubing is located north of today's Aubing S-Bahn station and largely north of the St. Quirin Church on a slight elevation that represents the last branch of the Munich gravel plain coming from the south . In the north of the village, before the drainage of the 19th century, the Dachau Moos was directly connected . The community cattle grazed in the moorland. House building would have been impossible there because the moss meadows were under water after heavy rain. A settlement further south was also hardly possible, as the increasing thickness of the ballast, in which water drains well, would have made it very difficult to drill wells. The humus layer on the gravel was thin and covered with heather . Before the days of agricultural machinery, agriculture was just as impossible there as in the bog meadows. The only exception was a mud tongue south of the church hill, which allowed grain to be grown in what is now the Bahnhof / Pretzfelder Straße area and which was operated in three-field farming. The Langwieder Bach , later piped up, served as a water source . It originated in the area of today's Altostraße and ran north.
Apart from the Aubinger Lohe in the northwest, the Aubinger area is flat and sloping slightly to the north, with a little over 540 meters above zero in the southwest near Freiham and about 520 meters a good four kilometers away in the north near the motorway tunnel. The height difference within the village of Aubing was determined to be only seven meters during the first basic survey in 1809/10, the highest point in Alt-Aubing is the building site of the village church of St. Quirin at around 525 meters. The hill of the Aubinger Lohe reaches 541 meters.
Neighboring districts and communities
To the north of Aubing are Lochhausen and Langwied, which, like Aubing, have been part of the 22 Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied district since 1992 . The two neighboring villages first mentioned in documents around 1270 and 950 respectively, together with the now independent Gröbenzell , formed the municipality of Langwied from 1808 to 1942. After the incorporation they formed the district 40 Lochhausen-Langwied until they were merged with Aubing in 1992.
Neighboring district in the northeast is Obermenzing . Because of the Munich – Augsburg railway line , it can only be reached from Aubing via Bergsonstrasse. The Pasing district is located south of Obermenzing and thus southeast of Aubing . Due to its train station with long-distance trains and ICEs and its infrastructure with secondary schools, medical specialists and offices, the former city of Pasing can now be seen as the center of western Munich. Due to the railway lines, Pasing can only be reached by road from Aubing via Aubinger Straße (at the S-Bahn stop Westkreuz) and Bodenseestraße ( Bundesstraße 2 ).
The neighboring town in the south is Lochham , a district of Graefelfing , which belongs to the district of Munich . The development in the south of Neuaubing now seamlessly merges into the village of Lochham.
While there are still large undeveloped areas in the west, the development in the east is largely continuous and has grown together with the neighboring towns in the north, east and south or is only separated from them by railways.
The historic town center of Aubing is located north of the Munich – Geltendorf – Buchloe railway , not far from the Aubing S-Bahn station . In the east of it lies the Aubing-Ost settlement , which is bounded in the northeast as well as more northerly residential areas by the Munich – Augsburg railway line and its upstream railway systems. These are the Pasing West parking station south of Bergsonstrasse and the DB depot Munich 2 to the north . To the north of the old town center is the rampart elevation of the Aubing motorway tunnel, behind which are some newer residential areas. The development between the recreational area of the Aubinger Lohe and the Munich – Augsburg railway line already belongs to the neighboring Lochhausen.
The official definition of the Neuaubing area from 1914 included the development south of the Pasing – Herrsching railway line to the Lochham border and north of this railway line on both sides of today's Limesstrasse, in the north roughly to today's Altenburgstrasse, i.e. around half the distance to the railway line to Buchloe . The area east of Brunhamstrasse and a strip on both sides of Bodenseestrasse still belonged to Pasing at that time. Today, an area north of Altenburgstrasse, up to the railway line to Buchloe, is also known as Neuaubing; there is no longer an exact definition of the boundary. A street sign on Bodenseestraße locates the beginning of Neuaubing west of Limesstraße. The Neuaubing West bus stop is in the north of Neuaubing, near the Aubing S-Bahn station.
The Am Westkreuz settlement is east of Neuaubing, in the triangle between the Munich – Buchloe and Munich – Herrsching railway lines. The Westkreuz S-Bahn stop is located at the latter .
The tracks of the Munich – Buchloe railway line, which separate Alt-Aubing and Aubing-Ost in the north from Neuaubing and Am Westkreuz in the south, can only be crossed by road traffic at three points: on the western edge of the building, on Limesstraße not far from the Aubing train station and over another road that connects Aubing-Ost with the Westkreuz. Pedestrians can also cross under the tracks at the two S-Bahn stations Aubing and Leienfelsstrasse . To reach the southern part of Neuaubing, the Herrsching – Munich railway line must be crossed in the extension of Limesstrasse, Brunhamstrasse.
The Good Freiham , located towards Germering, can be reached by Neuaubing over the Centa-Hafenbrädl Street. Until November 2013 it had its own level crossing on Freihamer Allee on the Munich – Herrsching line with a connection to Bundesstraße 2 , Bodenseestraße. The southern part of the planned Freiham development area was started between Gut Freiham and the southern part of Neuaubing . In Freiham-Süd there are mainly commercial operations, for example a furniture store ( Höffner ) and a hardware store ( Hornbach ).
For statistical purposes, the Munich administration divides the city districts into district parts and further into city district quarters. In urban district 22, Aubing comprises two of the three districts that are separated from each other by the Munich – Buchloe railway line. The northern of these two districts is referred to as 'Altaubing' and the southern one as 'Neuaubing' or 'Aubing-Süd'. The third part of the district, 'Lochhausen', also includes Langwied.
Archaeological finds and first documentary mention
A continuous settlement since pre-Roman times is assumed and can be proven since the 5th century. In the direction of Obermenzing, roughly on the edge of today's residential development, there was a row grave field from the 5th to 7th centuries with 862 graves, which were excavated in 1938 and 1961-63. Numerous grave goods found give very precise insights into the way of life at that time. Two rings with Christian symbols are the oldest evidence of Christianity in the area of the Diocese of Munich-Freising . There is the as yet unsubstantiated scientific assumption that "Aubing" is derived from the Bavarian male name Ubo via the detour from "Ubingas" ( for Ubo and his people ) via Ubingun .
Ettaler rule, 1330–1803
It seems that the place remained in the Bavarian ducal estate despite the aforementioned certification , because the Wittelsbach duke Ludwig the Bavarian awarded the Aubingen ducal estate to the Ettal monastery, which he founded in 1330, as part of the founding equipment. Ettal remained the most important landlord until secularization in Bavaria in 1803. His rule was rather mild compared to aristocratic rule. For example, it is not known that Ettal would have driven its farmers out of the house if they had financial difficulties. After a bad harvest in 1770, Ettal's support for Aubing is documented.
After several disputes between Ettal and the Dachau district court , which represented the Duke's interests, the responsibilities were clearly regulated in 1476: Ettal was granted lower jurisdiction for all Aubingers, including the subjects of other landlords who did not have to be serfs, such as the Local church. The district court retained the high level of jurisdiction , i.e. all proceedings that could end with the death penalty, as well as other sovereign tasks such as the drafting of the Aubinger for the ducal army. In religious matters, the Freising diocese , to which the Aubingen parish belonged, was authoritative.
In the Bavarian War (1420-1422) Aubing was burned down. The still-preserved tower of St. Quirin's Church was the only building that survived the pillage, but not the presumably wooden nave. The preserved stone building of the nave was consecrated in 1489. In the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), Aubing again largely burned down. Due to the war damage and the war-related population loss, it was not possible for several decades to return to pre-war agriculture. Until the 19th century there was undeveloped land, which was probably created by destruction in the Thirty Years War.
Independent community, 1818–1942
With the secularization in Bavaria , the Ettal manorial rule in Aubing ended in 1803. The self-governing municipality of Aubing came into being through the Bavarian municipal edict of May 17, 1818 . The community committee was elected by all taxpaying citizens, essentially landowners. At the top was an elected community leaders , in 1870 a mayor . The Freiham estate came from the Starnberg Regional Court with Aubing to the Munich Regional Court and via the so-called tax district including the Moosschwaige to Aubing.
For centuries, Aubing was the most populous place west of Munich. The Aubingen parish also included the eastern neighboring villages to Laim. In 1810 there were 758 inhabitants in Aubing itself, three times more than in neighboring Obermenzing, for example. This was also noticeable in the number of students. When compulsory schooling was introduced for Bavaria on December 23, 1802, the municipality of Aubing also had to ensure that schools ran smoothly. This newly added burden was all the more serious because in 1803 the rulership of the Ettal monastery ended as a result of the secularization and thus the possibility of financial support from the monastery no longer existed. In desperation in 1820, the community leaders asked Queen Caroline for financial support to build a new schoolhouse. In the end, however, the parishes of Aubing and Langwied and the parish of Aubing bore the construction costs (a sacristan's apartment was promised for this). Various government agencies and donors, such as Freiherr von Yrsch auf Freiham, supported the building project financially. The building (Altostr. 16), built according to plans by Gustav Vorherr near the St. Quirin Church , finally started school operations for 80 children in 1822.
The further increase in the population was the reason for the construction of the new schoolhouse built in 1893 on Ubostraße (architect: Johann Hieronymus ). The vacated former school building was converted into a gendarmerie station.
In 1839 the first section of the Munich – Augsburg railway from Munich via Pasing to Lochhausen was opened. As a result, the neighboring Pasing grew particularly strongly and was finally elevated to a town in 1905. In 1873, Aubing also got a rail connection, today's Aubing S-Bahn station on the Munich – Buchloe railway line , so that there too the population rose to 1,431 in 1900.
At the turn of the 20th century, industrialization began, the Aubing chemical factory and the Aubinger brickworks were established. In 1903 the southern railway line from Pasing to Herrsching am Ammersee was opened, and on this 1906 the V. Centralwerkstätte of the royal Bavarian state railway immediately south of today's Neuaubing S-Bahn station . In 1913, the plant already had more than 500 employees, for whom apartments were being built nearby on Papinstrasse . These were the first residential development in Aubing-Süd , which was officially called Neuaubing from 1915 onwards . As the last large industrial company, a branch of the Dornier works was built in the 1930s, also south of the Pasing – Herrsching railway line, but immediately east of Brunhamstrasse. At that time this property belonged to Pasing, but due to its close proximity, the company was referred to as the Neuaubing plant. To the north of the railway line, today's settlement on Gößweinsteinplatz was built for the employees in 1937/38 .
In the First World War (1914-1918), 88 Aubingen war participants lost their lives, just under a tenth of the adult male population. During the war, 54 Russian prisoners of war from a camp in neighboring Puchheim were used in agriculture . After the proclamation of the Munich Soviet Republic on April 7, 1919, the community committee was called upon to resign under threat of violence. Four commissions made up of community committee members and councils were supposed to take care of various tasks of the community. However, according to a protocol dated April 28, the community committee was reinstated. A little later, on May 1st, counter-revolutionary troops marched into Aubing. On June 15, 1919 there was the first municipal council election, in which landless Aubingers and women were also allowed to vote.
In 1933, Aubing had 5789 inhabitants. In the Reichstag elections on March 5, 1933, 3,331 eligible voters cast 2940 valid votes. The NSDAP became the strongest party, but only received a third of the votes, about 10% less than the German average. The first arrests and house searches took place five days after the Reichstag election. The Aubinger-Neuaubinger Zeitung of March 15, 1933 reported that “8 communists were taken into protective custody” in Aubing and Lochhausen . Elf Aubinger, who were imprisoned in the Dachau concentration camp between 1933 and 1944 , are known by name. As far as is known, her terms ranged from eleven months to three years and nine months. One died in Dachau.
Since 1942: Munich district
In April 1937, initial talks were held between the city of Munich and the municipality of Aubing about incorporation into Munich . Representatives Aubings were an amalgamation open to first, but could not agree on a contract incorporation. The majority of the Aubingen population was also against it. Finally, the responsible Reich governor in Bavaria, Ritter von Epp , decided by decree the incorporation on April 1, 1942 without a contract. However, the announcement in the newspaper was banned.
Between 1941 and 1945 around 700 forced laborers and prisoners of war worked in Aubing and the neighboring Lochhausen in industrial plants, in agriculture or as community workers. Of seven camps, only the Neuaubing prisoner of war camp remains today. In 1943/44, bombs dropped on the Reichsbahn repair shop , the Dornier works, an anti-aircraft gun position in the area of today's Neuaubing-West settlement and a substation in the Aubinger Lohe. At least 53 people died. On the morning of April 30, 1945, the first soldiers of the 7th US Army came to Aubing. About 400 soldiers from Aubing lost their lives in the war.
From 1950 to 1961, the population only increased from 11,305 to 13,049. In the next nine years up to 1970, however, it more than doubled to 27,403. This was due to the start of construction on the two settlements Am Westkreuz and Neuaubing-West . In 1987 the population was 30,181.
As part of a reorganization of the Munich boroughs, Aubing was merged with the former Lochhausen-Langwied borough in 1992 to form borough 22, Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied .
The city of Munich only reports the number of inhabitants for the common urban district of Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied, in 2008 it was 38,327. In 1987, when the formerly independent urban districts of Aubing and Lochhausen-Langwied were recorded separately, 30,181 (85%) of the 35,550 inhabitants were in Aubing. Since the total population increased by only about 2,800 between 1987 and 2008, the figures from 1987 also provide information about the current population size.
The district has the highest proportion of all Munich districts in multi-person households. The proportion of both children and young people as well as the elderly is above average. In contrast, the proportion of foreigners in 2008 was below average at 18.8%. The number of births outnumbered deaths by 52 in 2008, and 221 more people moved to the district than left. At the same time, the number of apartments increased by 35.
For the future, the construction of 9,000 to 10,000 new apartments is planned in the previously undeveloped area west of Neuaubing and north of Bodenseestrasse in the Freiham building area, so that a corresponding further increase in population is expected.
The original Aubingen village church of St. Quirin is still today the Catholic parish church for the Aubingen areas north of the Munich – Buchloe railway line. Georg Böhmer, Aubing pastor from 1912 to 1922, stated in 1913 that the social structures of Alt-Aubing and Neuaubing differed so much that a parish separation was advisable. The parish of Aubing had 2300 members, but the church only offered space for about 300 visitors. A north aisle was considered in 1913, but dropped in favor of the church in Neuaubing. Pastor Böhmer asked for support from the Royal Bavarian State Railroad , which gave the church the property on which St. Konrad now stands the day before it was absorbed into the Reichsbahn (April 24, 1920).
The first church building in the 20th century was the Catholic wooden makeshift church of St. Joachim and Anna in Neuaubing, on the site of today's gymnasium of the Limes School, from 1921 to 1956. In 1939, the community already had 4,000 members, including Neuaubingers the residents of Gut Freiham. A larger church was therefore necessary, but construction could not begin until 1955 due to the Second World War. Cardinal Joseph Wendel inaugurated the first stone church in Neuaubingen in November 1956. Aubing had meanwhile been incorporated into Munich, and since there was another parish of St. Joachim in Munich, the parish was renamed when it was consecrated to St. Konrad von Parzham . The catchment area of the community can be found today on both sides of the Limes Road.
St. Markus looks after Neuaubing-West and the housing developments there from the 1960s. St. Lukas is the fourth Catholic church on Westkreuz. The church on Gut Freiham is called Heilig Kreuz .
There were also many Protestants among the new citizens of Neuaubingen. The Evangelical Lutheran Advent Church , located on the southern Limesstrasse at the corner of Hohensteinstrasse, was completed in 1940.
A New Apostolic Church was located at Limesstrasse 45, diagonally across from the Limes School. However, it was demolished and replaced by residential developments in 2018.
On September 12, 2011, the foundation stone for a church center of the Romanian Orthodox Metropolis for Germany, Central and Northern Europe was laid on Kastelburgstrasse . The patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church , Daniel Ciobotea , was also present at the solemn service . According to Auxiliary Bishop Sofian, however, it was a symbolic action, as a date for the start of construction had not yet been set for financial reasons. Only half of the purchase price of 1.1 million euros for the 2,600 square meter property owned by the City of Munich was raised.
Since the merger of the boroughs of Aubing and Lochausen - Langwied in 1992 to form borough 22 Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied , Aubing is no longer an independent regional authority and accordingly no longer has an independent political representation. Local affairs are now handled by District Committee 22.
coat of arms
At the beginning of the 1930s, the community of Aubing wanted to have its own coat of arms . Previously, the municipal seals contained the Bavarian diamond coat of arms or, before the First World War, no images. The last freely elected mayor of the municipality, Josef Schmid ( BVP , term of office from 1925 to 1933), initiated a search for suitable coats of arms in the Bavarian main state archive in consultation with the municipal council . There was a document from 1334, on which a seal from "Hartmann von Aubingen" hung, which shows three heart-shaped leaves, so-called sea leaves , the stems of which meet in the middle. Since it is an imprint, it has no colors. The heraldist Otto Hupp developed from this template several proposals with green, blue and white leaves. The local council decided in favor of “three green leaves on a silver ground” (so the heraldic name) and asked Otto Hupp for a corresponding version, which he completed in November 1932. Following an application in January, the State Ministry of the Interior approved the use of the coat of arms on February 23, 1933. By returning the previous seal with the diamond coat of arms, it officially came into effect on May 9, 1933. Schmid himself could no longer use it; he had been ousted from office by the National Socialists in April .
It should not stay long in official use, because shortly thereafter was due Gleichschaltung a seal by the Nazis in Aubing with imperial eagle and swastika used. Due to the incorporation into Munich in 1942, the coat of arms was no longer used even after the end of the Third Reich , as Aubing now bore the coat of arms of the state capital of Munich like all Munich districts . Nevertheless, the Aubingen coat of arms has been preserved in the townscape, it is also used by various associations. The city of Munich, as legal successor to the municipality of Aubing, has the rights to use it.
Culture and club life
Aubing has no museums, cinemas or professionally operated stages. A former cinema at Limesstraße 21 was the last to be a supermarket before the building was demolished in 2018. Performance options that are used by theater groups or for concerts are available in the hall of an inn on Limesstrasse at the corner of Altenburgstrasse, as well as in the parishes.
A list of the working group Aubinger-Neuaubinger-Vereine from 2005 lists 36 members. There was an Aubingen fire brigade as early as the 1850s . Today the friends of the voluntary fire brigade Aubing e. V. supports.
In 1909 the Catholic workers' association Aubing was founded with 60 members, which not only included workers from the railway workshops, but also day laborers from Gut Freiham. In 1916 it had 132 members, 37 of them "in the field" (ie during the war). By 1927 the number had dropped to only 54 members. It was dissolved in the Third Reich in 1937, but re-established after the war: in 1947 the Catholic workers 'associations Aubing, Neuaubing and the Aubing workers' association, founded in 1918, met.
In 1921 the railway sports club Neuaubing (today: ESV Sportfreunde München-Neuaubing eV ) was founded, which has 26 departments for different sports and 4000 members (as of 2009). In 1929, SV Aubing was founded, which is particularly involved in football and has been playing in the district sports facility on Kronwinklerstrasse since 1962. In 2004 it had around 650 members.
On December 6th, 1981 the open space association Aubing was founded, the purpose of which is to take care of the association's own Belandwiese. This 4800 square meter property is located on Germeringer Weg near the town center. It was donated to the association by the childless couple Maria and Josef Beland from Aubingen in order to be able to maintain the tradition of the club celebrations that have been taking place there in the long term since the 1960s. The annual Aubinger Autumn Festival has been held here since 1990. According to the articles of association, members of the association are representatives of several associations in Aubingen.
Every three years, the Aubing boys' association sets up the maypole with three-dimensional wooden figures in the center of the village at the Alto / Bergsonstrasse intersection . He organizes the Aubinger Wine Festival and is co-initiator and organizer of the Aubinger Autumn Festival.
Founded in 2008, the non-profit association 1000 years of Aubing e. V. is dedicated to cultural and homeland maintenance in the urban district of Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied. In 2010 he organized celebrations on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of the first documentary mention of Aubing.
The oldest structural remains can be found in the Aubinger Lohe, about 1.7 kilometers from the center of St. Quirin. A kind of tower castle or moth , the foundations of which have been partially preserved, was probably built in the 10th / 11th. Built in the 14th century and abandoned in the 14th century. The artificially built clay hill has an oval area of around 20 by 30 meters and is surrounded on three sides by a ditch up to 3.50 meters deep. The foundations, possibly also the ground floor, were made of stone, the superstructures above were probably made of wood or half-timbering. In the 19th century, the tuff stone foundations of today's ground monument were left to a master mason from Aubingen for an annual fee of 45 kreuzer for the "exploitation of the stones".
It may have served as a refuge for the Aubinger family and to secure the road to Augsburg that passed by. There are no written records about the Aubingen Castle, the current name "Teufelsburg" is therefore not documented for the period of use and its origin is unclear. In addition to the obvious possibility of devil , a derivation of “Tuifel” (depression, pond) comes into question as a reference to the humid area of the Dachau Moos below.
The oldest surviving structure is the Church of St. Quirin . Its Romanesque tower is dated to the end of the 13th century, because dendrochronological studies have shown that the beams for the bell house in the tower were knocked in the winter of 1283/84. The Gothic-style church nave is 200 years younger, it was consecrated in 1489 after the previous building was burned down in 1422 during the Bavarian War . The baroque high altar is from 1668. Due to the strong population growth in Aubing, the church interior with four bays had become too small at the beginning of the 20th century, so a fifth bay was added to the west in 1936/37. Seen from the inside, this stylistically fits in seamlessly with the older sections. However, the ceiling of the fifth yoke is suspended from wire ropes which are attached to the roof structure.
Ensembles under monument protection
The Aubingen village center surrounding the church is a listed ensemble. Also under ensemble protection are the settlement on Gößweinsteinplatz , the Neuaubing forced labor camp , as well as Gut Freiham and the Moosschwaige, which historically belonged to the estate . In addition, around 40 individual structures in Aubing are listed , including a number of wayside crosses, farmhouses and stables.
The housing estate on Gößweinsteinplatz was built from 1938 for the members of the Dornier works and is therefore also known as the Dornier estate. When it was built, it only bordered other buildings on the east side, in the direction of Limesstrasse, and was otherwise free-standing. The center is a square with a clock tower, an inn and a shop.
The forced labor camp from the Second World War is the only one of 400 such camps in the Munich area that has been preserved. It was built in the early 1940s immediately west of the settlement on Gößweinsteinplatz on today's Ehrenbürgstrasse. From 1943 to the end of the Second World War in 1945, at least 300 forced laborers from different countries were housed. As of 2010, some of the buildings are being used by artists and craftsmen.
The oldest documented mention of Gut Freiham as "Villa Frihaim" goes back to the 12th century. In 1514 it was explicitly mentioned as Schwaige , i.e. as a cattle yard. The palace was built in 1680 and rebuilt in 1865/1866 by Carl Theodor von Yrsch (1832–1899) in the Munich Maximilian neo-Gothic style. After a renovation, Schloss Freiham has been the German headquarters of Forever Living Products , a company that sells cosmetic products based on aloe vera, since 2010 . The Heilig Kreuz church also belongs to Gut Freiham.
Individual buildings under monument protection
The property "Beim Neumaier", also called "Schergenhof", in today's Ubostraße 21, the former Bauerngasse, was the office of the Kastner of the Ettal monastery from 1700 to 1803 . Since the monastery, as the landlord, exercised the lower jurisdiction in his Hofmark , there was a prison in the building , which has been preserved to this day.
The 37 meter high Aubingen water tower was built in 1910 together with a waterworks on 12,000 square meters by the community to ensure the water supply for the growing population in the entire community. The listed building in the Heimat style is a landmark of Neuaubing today. In 1954, the plant was taken out of service after the Stadtwerke München had connected it to their water supply network. Today the tower and the outbuilding are empty.
The war memorial, the Marian column from 1870, the former schoolhouse from 1893 at Ubostraße 23 and the building of the " School on Limesstraße " from 1907 are also listed. The construction of the latter was a political issue, as the need for this construction arose from the influx of workers from the railway repair shop . Neither the railway works nor workers paid taxes in Aubing, but the poorly financed community was obliged to build it (see the dispute over the Neuaubing school building in the article History of Aubing ). To the south of the Neuaubing S-Bahn station there are ten buildings of the former railway repair shop itself, built between 1902 and 1926, as well as railway workers' apartments in Papinstraße from 1905 under monument protection.
The former Aubingen thermal power station in northeast Aubing near Bergsonstrasse was built in 1940 by Deutsche Bahn. It has been a listed building since 2007.
The largest building in Aubingen is the Ramses , a residential building in the Am Westkreuz settlement. The architects were Helmut von Werz and Johann-Christoph Ottow , who had previously won an urban development competition for the planning of the entire Am Westkreuz area. The foundation stone of the Ramses was laid on June 12, 1969 by Mayor Hans-Jochen Vogel , from the summer of 1971 about 1000 residents were able to move into the 343 apartments with sizes between 33.5 and 170 m², the total living area is 22,500 m². In 1970 the apartment price averaged 1,100 marks per square meter. The building is 64.5 meters high, 138 meters long and 23 meters wide. On the highest, 19th floor, there is a covered heated swimming pool with a sun terrace and sauna for residents.
A high-bay warehouse was built directly south of the Aubingen train station in 1992 for Deutsche Telekom ( telecommunications office ) , intended for materials for Telekom's own use in southern Bavaria, such as cables, tools and measuring devices. The operating technology of the camp alone cost 30 million marks at the time of construction. The hall was 20 meters high, 80 meters long, 38 meters wide and offered space for 38,000 pallets . It was an “architecturally attractive” building, which from the outside gives the impression that several upright cylinders are placed side by side. From 2015 the whole area was demolished and residential buildings were built on.
At 1935 meters, the Aubinger Tunnel is Bavaria's longest motorway tunnel. It runs as part of the Munich motorway ring ( A 99 ) northwest of the old town center, some Aubingen residential areas are still north of it. It is a pure noise protection tunnel.
Economy and Infrastructure
The industrial companies that were founded at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries (see industrialization in the story of Aubing's article ) no longer exist. The premises of the Aubinger brickworks and the Aubing chemical factory are now built on with residential buildings. A “business park” is located on the site of the former Dornier plant , which rents out commercial space. The railway repair shop was partially demolished after it was closed, and commercial and residential buildings were then built on. Another railway area between Alt-Aubing and the Aubing-Ost settlement (S-Bahn station Leihenfelsstraße) was also demolished except for the training center (still in operation as of 2018) and residential buildings were built on.
On the other hand, some farms in Ubostraße in Alt-Aubing have been preserved. 48% of the area of the Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied district was recorded as agricultural land on January 1, 2009. There are also numerous craft businesses and retailers for the district supply. The latter concentrate on Altostraße for Alt-Aubing, Limesstraße for Neuaubing and shopping centers on Wiesentfelser Straße and Westkreuz. There are also a few car and auto parts dealers, hardware stores ( Toom Baumarkt , Obi ), petrol stations and supermarkets in the Bodenseestrasse area . A furniture store ( Höffner ), a hardware store ( Hornbach ) and other businesses have set up shop in the new Freiham Süd industrial park . The city of Munich plans to create a total of 8,000 jobs here.
Due to the good connection of many residential areas in Aubingen to the railway network, today the S-Bahn network , the district has been interesting for commuters to the inner city districts since the beginning of the 20th century . The same goes for tourists . In 2008 there were eight hotels or hostels with a total of 496 beds and 124,952 overnight stays, the occupancy rate was 69%.
Aubing is connected with six stations to four lines of the Munich S-Bahn , which are served every 20 minutes (as of 2017 S8 in rush hour every 10 minutes). The numbering of the lines changes occasionally if the western and eastern branches of the S-Bahn network are recombined when the timetable changes. All lines go into the city via Pasing and Munich Hauptbahnhof to Karlsplatz (Stachus) and Marienplatz .
The Leienfelsstraße and Aubing stations are on the line to Geltendorf (S4). The West cross is served by two lines, the line to Starnberg and further to Tutzing (S6) and the line according to Herrsching (S8). The Neuaubing station is also on the line to Herrsching, as is the Freiham station , which opened in 2013 for the new district of the same name. The Langwied station on the border to neighboring Obermenzing is on the line to Mammendorf (S3).
In February 2006, the section was A 99 (Munich ring road) between the junction Munich-Lochhausen and the A96 Munich- Lindau with the Aubing tunnel opened. Since then, Aubing has been directly connected to the motorway network via the Munich-Freiham-Mitte junction. The Germering-Nord junction to the north is also in the Aubing area, but has no road connection to Aubing. The new Freiham Süd industrial park was connected to the A96 with a half-driveway so that it can be reached from and to Munich, but not in the direction of Lindau.
The Freiham-Mitte junction leads to Bundesstrasse 2 , which is Bodenseestrasse as far as Pasing and then Landsberger Strasse in the direction of downtown Munich, one of Munich's major entry and exit roads .
In addition to the Munich daily newspapers and free advertising papers, the weekly Aubing-Neuaubinger newspaper , which was founded on October 4, 1926 by the Aubing printer Joseph Heinrich Jeup (1862–1947) and is published . In 1926 the newspaper became the official gazette of the municipality of Aubing and remained so until the incorporation. In 1939 it was subject to National Socialist conformity and was re-established in 1948.
Apart from the schools, municipal facilities in the district are limited to a branch of the Munich city library on Westkreuz. The closest citizens' office and a registry office are located in the Pasing town hall .
For the history of the schools, see also the history of Aubing
In Aubing there are four primary and two secondary schools , each named after the adjacent street. The number of students and classes in the 2008/09 school year is given in brackets. The primary school on Gotzmannstrasse (295/12) is located in Alt-Aubing. It was opened in 1960 as the successor to the elementary school at Ubostraße 23, which, with five classrooms, followed the first school in the community of Aubing at Altostraße 16 in 1893.
The elementary school on Limesstrasse (270/12) is in the middle of Neuaubing. In a second extension in 1955/56 (new building), the main building was created in its current size. In 1960 a second gym and a swimming pool were added. Today grades 1–4 are taught in three classes each.
The primary school on Ravensburger Ring (352/15) is located on Westkreuz and the primary school on Wiesentfelser Straße (243/10) in Neuaubing-West. There is also the middle school on Wiesentfelser Straße (268/12). This was awarded several national school prizes and in 2010 it was among the best 15 schools of all school types in the German School Prize . The middle school on Reichenaustraße (292/13) is located in the settlement Am Westkreuz and a branch of the state technical college, specializing in technology, in Kronwinkler Straße, east of the old town center. In addition to the Aubingen schools, there is also a primary school in Lochhausen in district 22 (Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied).
Another primary school is planned in the Freiham development area. It is still uncertain whether a grammar school and / or a secondary school will also be built there for the more than 50,000 residents of the city district after the completion of the new development area . At the moment, secondary school students and high school students have to move to neighboring communities and districts, for example Pasing, Laim, Germering, Gröbenzell and Unterpfaffenhofen , a situation that is viewed critically by representatives of neighboring communities.
Born in Aubinger
- Georg Gotzman (also Gotsmann , Gottsmann ; called Theander ; * around 1508 in Aubing; † January 19, 1570 in Ingolstadt ), philosopher and professor of theology in Ingolstadt
- Johann Eichhorn (1906–1939), rapist and murderer
- Philipp Müller (1931–1952), worker and communist. He was the first protester in the Federal Republic to be killed by the police.
- Manfred Berger (* 1944 in Munich) is a German educational scientist and hobby historian.
Persons moved to Aubing
- Franz Tausend (1884–1942), the “gold maker”, an alchemist and deceiver.
- Walter Rinke (1895–1983), economist, civil servant and politician (CSU).
- Alois Brem (1930–2016), pastor of St. Quirin from 1964 to 2001.
- Steinbacher Josef: Aubing, parish village near Munich. Diessen 1914.
- Aubinger Archive eV (Ed.): Chronica Aubingensis - The Diaries of Josef Steinbacher (1911-1922). Edition Josef Feneberg, Munich-Aubing 2002.
- Stangl Hans: Aubing back in the day. Munich-Aubing 1975.
- Parish of St. Quirin Aubing: 500 years of the Aubinger parish fair. Munich-Aubing 1980.
- Parish of St. Quirin Aubing: walks between day and year, Aubing and its people. Munich-Aubing 1984.
- Siegfried Bschorer, Barbara Sajons: Documentation for the exhibition 1000 years of Aubing. Munich-Aubing 2010.
- Aubinger Archive eV: Documentation for the exhibition "1000 Years of Aubing". Munich-Aubing 2010.
- Association "1000 years of Aubing certificate" (ed.): Festschrift 1000 years of Aubing. Munich-Aubing 2010.
- District 22: Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied. In: KulturGeschichtsPfad. City of Munich, 2012, accessed on June 14, 2012 .
- Aubing. In: Official city portal www.muenchen.de. State capital Munich, accessed on October 22, 2010 .
- Timeline. Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung, accessed on October 22, 2010 .
- Aubinger Archiv eV Collection of contemporary and historical documents. Retrieved May 25, 2013 .
- Poster in the exhibition of the Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing e. V. on the occasion of the 1000 year celebrations in Aubing, April 14th to May 2nd, 2010: “From the beginnings to the beginning of the 19th century” . A printed version is published by the association.
- Josef Feneberg and Josef Kiening: Aubinger peculiarities . ( genealogie-kiening.de [accessed on May 14, 2010]).
- State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation Bavaria (Ed.): Topographische Karte 1: 25000, 7834 München-Pasing . 2007, ISBN 978-3-86038-978-2 .
- Helmuth Stahleder : From Allach to Zamilapark . Ed .: City Archives Munich. Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 2001, ISBN 978-3-934036-46-8 ( online ).
- State capital Munich, municipal department, surveying office (ed.): Official map of the state capital Munich . ( geoinfo-muenchen.de [accessed on May 13, 2010]).
- Herbert Liedl: The beginnings of Neuaubing 1906–1942 . In: Primary school on Limesstrasse (Hrsg.): Festschriftkalender Primary school on Limesstrasse. 100 years of school (1906–2006). 30 years of day care center (1976-2006) . Munich 2006.
- Population of the city districts since 1939 . In: Statistisches Amt, Landeshauptstadt München (Hrsg.): Statistisches Handbuch der Stadt München . Munich 1975, p. 498-499 .
- Elmar Huss: Bavaria, Region, Munich, and within the city: How is purchasing power distributed in 2005? In: Munich Statistics . 4th quarterly bulletin, 2005, p. 16–24 ( mstatistik-muenchen.de ( memento from March 31, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; accessed on October 29, 2010]). Bavaria, region, Munich, and within the city: How is purchasing power distributed in 2005? ( Memento of the original from March 31, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Ina Hofmann, Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation: The west of Munich has always been a preferred settlement area. Poster in the historical exhibition of the 'Förderverein 1000 Jahre Aubing eV' on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary celebrations in Aubing, April 2010.
- Brigitte Haas-Gebhard: With 500 years delay, Aubing's 1000th birthday . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Contributions to place name research to clarify the settlement genesis of southern German old settlements, chap. "Germanic names on –ing (as)" by Reinhard Bauer , Working Group for Historical Cultural Landscape Research in Central Europe (ARKUM) c / o Geographical Institute of the University of Bonn in conjunction with the Working Group for Genetic Settlement Research in Central Europe, Series: "Settlement Research: Archeology - History - Geography ", Volume 17, main topic:" Villages in pre-industrial old settlements ", Ed .: Prof. Dr. Klaus Fehn and Drs. Peter Burggraaff, Verlag Siedlungsforschung Bonn 1999, PDF download 50.5 MB , accessed June 28, 2017
- Herbert Liedl: Aubing has name day. The first documentary mention in 1010 . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Anton Fürst: farming village - settler country - city outskirts. Aubing - Quo vadis? In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Josef Feneberg: The ettalische Hofmark Aubing . In: Aubinger Archive e. V. (Ed.): Heinrich von Aubing - Aubing in the time of the basic and legal rule of Ettal . Munich 2003, p. 41-176 .
- Josef Feneberg and Barbara Sajons: The village of Aubing in the Thirty Years War . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Poster in the exhibition of the Förderverein 1000 Jahre Aubing e. V. on the occasion of the 1000 year celebrations in Aubing, September 2010
- Barbara Sajons: Paths to significant sites in Aubing and Neuaubing. From house board to house board . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Adolf Thurner: History of Obermenzing and History of Pasing . ( Website [accessed May 14, 2010]).
- Edith Matyschik: Back then . In: Parish letter of the parish of St. Quirin . Volume 38, February 2010, p. 11–13 ( quirin-aubing.de [PDF]).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. muenchen_stadt.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- Werner Dilg, with the support of Herbert Liedl: The Aubinger Geschichtspfad. 1000 years at 1000 meters . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Elmar Huss: On the population development in the Munich city districts in comparison of the censuses of May 27, 1970 and May 25, 1987 as well as since the last census . In: Statistisches Amt, Landeshauptstadt München (Hrsg.): Münchner Statistik . tape 1989 , no. 5 . Munich 1989, p. 317-322 . Web link
- Statistical Office, City of Munich (Ed.): Statistisches Taschenbuch 2009 . Munich ( mstatistik-muenchen.de [PDF]).
- Editing team for the parish letter St. Quirin: Church leader "St. Quirin Munich - Aubing ” . Publisher Norbert Dinkel, Martinsried / Munich (2010 or earlier).
- Deacon Gerald Ach: Limes School and St. Konrad - good neighbors . In: Primary school on Limesstrasse (Hrsg.): Festschriftkalender Primary school on Limesstrasse. 100 years of school (1906–2006). 30 years of day care center (1976-2006) . Munich 2006.
- Solemn service for the laying of the foundation stone . In: Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung . 84th year, no. 37 . Munich. September 16, 2011, p. 1 .
- "New Neighbors from Romania" by Corinna Anton, Süddeutsche Zeitung of September 26, 2011, (Local section of the city and district of Munich PMW, page R7.)
- Siegfried Bschorer: Three green leaves on a silver background. Around the Aubingen coat of arms . In: Förderverein 1000 years certificate Aubing e. V. (Ed.): 1000 years of Aubing. From a medieval village to part of a big city . Friends' Association 1000 Years of Aubing Certificate, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-030204-6 .
- Working group Aubinger-Neuaubinger-Vereine. Website accessed May 27, 2010
- Website of the Friends of the Aubing Volunteer Fire Brigade e. V. Website ( Memento from August 3, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- Herbert Liedl: "God bless Christian work" 100 years of the Catholic workers' association in Aubing . In: Parish letter of the parish of St. Quirin . July 2009, p. 13-17 ( quirin-aubing.de [PDF]).
- Sport & Leisure - Association organ of ESV Sportfreunde München-Neuaubing e. V. Issues 2/2009 and 1/2010 ( esv-neuaubing.de PDF 1/2010 ( Memento of April 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ))
- Website of SV Aubing ( Memento from January 21, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Hartmut Gerl: 30 years of open space association . In: Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung . 84th year, no. 34 . Munich August 26, 2011, p. 4-5 .
- Aubinger Archive e. V., website
- Association of Friends of 1000 Years of Aubing e. V., website
- Herbert Liedl: Heinrich von Aubing . In: Aubinger Archive e. V. (Ed.): Heinrich von Aubing - Aubing in the time of the basic and legal rule of Ettal . Munich 2003, p. 7-24 .
- Michael Weithmann: Castles in Munich . Stiebner Verlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-8307-1036-4 , pp. 32 f .
- board in the chapel at the foot of the tower, status 2010
- Herbert Liedl: The parish church of St. Quirin and its history . In: Parish of St. Quirin (ed.): Website of the parish of St. Quirin . Munich ( website [accessed May 28, 2010]).
- "Last traces of the forced laborers" by Wally Schmidt, Süddeutsche Zeitung of January 7, 2010, (local section Munich, page N1.)
- Film by Forever Living Products on YouTube.
- Kurt Faltlhauser : Views from the west of Munich . Verlagsanstalt Bayerland GmbH, Dachau 1993, ISBN 3-89251-171-3 .
- Map of the Munich rapid transit network ( Memento from August 6, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), MVV-Munich
- Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung. The “popular local newspaper” as reflected in history. Website of the Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung. Accessed August 7, 2010.
- 85 years of Aubinger Zeitung . In: Aubing-Neuaubinger Zeitung . 84th year, no. 36 . Munich September 9, 2011, p. 7 .
- Munich City Library, website ( Memento from October 9, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Chronicle of the Limes School . In: Primary school on Limesstrasse (Hrsg.): Festschriftkalender Primary school on Limesstrasse. 100 years of school (1906–2006). 30 years of day care center (1976-2006) . Munich 2006 ( Google Books ).
- Heike Batzer: Schoolchildren are pushing west - In Gröbenzell and Germering displeasure over Munich's Freiham planning. Süddeutsche Zeitung of September 28, 2010, p. R7
- Aubing districts
- State capital Munich, school and culture department: District 22: Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied . 2009 ( Information on district 22 - official website of the Munich city administration, district 22 Aubing - Lochhausen - Langwied ).
- Winfried Kausch: THEANDER (Gotsmann, Gottsmann, Gotzmann), Georg. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 28, Bautz, Nordhausen 2007, ISBN 978-3-88309-413-7 , Sp. 1506-1508.