Luigi Illica (born May 9, 1857 in Castell'Arquato near Piacenza , † December 16, 1919 in Colombarone near Pesaro ) was an Italian librettist who, usually together with Giuseppe Giacosa , for Giacomo Puccini , Alfredo Catalani , Umberto Giordano ( Siberia ) , Pietro Mascagni , Alberto Franchetti and other important Italian composers. His most famous opera libretti are those of La Bohème , Tosca , Madama Butterfly and Andrea Chénier .
Illica's personal life sometimes mimicked his libretti. Since he lost his right ear in a duel over a woman, he was usually photographed wearing a hat that he wore slightly on the side of his head.
On the advertising posters of the silent films based on his stories, his name was always emblazoned in large letters, as the organizers could not guarantee the use of the music, but the stories.
- Johannes Streicher: ILLICA, Luigi. In: Mario Caravale (ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 62: Iacobiti-Labriola. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2004.
- Luigi Illica at Project Gutenberg
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian librettist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 9, 1857|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Castell'Arquato near Piacenza|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 16, 1919|
|Place of death||Colombarone|