Hans Luckey

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Hans Luckey (born March 25, 1900 in Elberfeld , † February 20, 1976 in Hamburg ) was a Baptist theologian and worked as pastor, rector of the theological seminary and free church historian . In addition to his professional activity, he held high church offices at national and international level.


During his military service in Wülfringhausen , Hans Luckey was invited to the meetings of a baptismal free church. The lectures given by lay preachers there impressed him and led to a personal decision to follow Jesus . He was baptized and after moving to Gelsenkirchen became a member of the local Baptist congregation. Under the guidance of the parish pastor August Broda , his future father-in-law, he initially worked as a house missionary . In connection with this ministry, he experienced an inner calling to pastor and began studying at the theological seminary in Hamburg-Horn (1920–1923). During his first church services in Königsberg (Baptist church in Salzastraße; until 1926) and Berlin (Baptist church in Charlottenburg; until 1929) he continued his theological studies at the respective universities. In 1925 he received his doctorate in Königsberg. phil., in 1930 he acquired the title of theological licentiate in Berlin, which in 1957 became Dr. theol. was converted.

In 1929 the federal leadership of the German Baptists appointed Hans Luckey as a lecturer for systematic theology , dogmatics and biblical exegesis at the theological seminar in Hamburg-Horn. In the 1930s, Luckey began building up a historical collection on the history of German Baptism, the Oncken Archive , which has been located in Wustermark-Elstal since 1997 . With his active participation, the merger of the Baptists with the Brethren to form the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches took place between 1937 and 1941 . Alongside Paul Schmidt , he advocated "serious negotiations for the formation of a German Free Church" since 1933/34. The Elim congregations had joined the Baptists in 1938 under pressure from the National Socialist authorities. The first common creed of the three free churches, adopted in 1944, was essentially by Luckey. At the beginning of the Third Reich , Luckey initially advocated a leadership principle, which he derived from God's order of creation and which apparently brought him close to the Nazi ideology. From 1941 onwards, however, Luckey vehemently opposed the adjustment course that official German Baptism was following towards the Nazi state.

When the seminar building was bombed in July 1943, teaching was relocated from Hamburg to Wiedenest near Bergneustadt . Luckey also moved to Wiedenest and was appointed rector of the theological seminary in 1946. He did not accept this appointment until 1948, the year the seminar returned to Hamburg. He remained in this position until he retired in 1968.

In addition to his teaching activities, Hans Luckey worked from 1935 to 1956 as editor of various free church periodicals. This included the homiletic magazine Der Hilfsbote , which appeared after the Second World War under the title Wort und Tat . From 1939 to 1946 he was vice-president of the Baptist World Federation and from 1953 to 1965, alongside Martin Niemöller, he was initially deputy chairman of the Working Group of Christian Churches in Germany and later its first chairman. Between 1954 and 1960 Luckey was a member of the leadership of the European Baptist Federation / EBF and temporarily also served as its president.


Hans Luckey married Hedwig Broda. With her he had four sons: Joachim (killed in World War II), Wolfgang, Eberhard and Klaus . 1970 his wife died. In 1971 he married the widow Maria Thieme, b. Derday.

Publications (selection)

Hans Luckey wrote a great number of writings. A detailed bibliography obtained from Günter Balders can be found in the magazine Wort und Tat (1970). It comprises 177 titles.

  • The ethical meaning of happiness with Thomas von Aquin , Kassel 1925 (dissertation with Heimsoeth, Philos. Faculty Königsberg 1926).
  • Spirit and grace, a core problem in Anabaptist and modern theology , in: Hilfsbote 1928, nos. 9-12.
  • The determination of good and bad in Thomas von Aquin , Kassel 1930 (dissertation from Seeberg, Berlin 1930).
  • Our position on race and blood , in: Jungbrunnenheft 5, Kassel 1932, pp. 21–35.
  • Johann Gerhard Oncken and the beginnings of German Baptism (1st edition 1934; 3rd revised and abridged edition 1958)
  • Führer and Hirt , in: Truths witnesses 57 (1935) No. 21, pp. 161-163.
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Lehmann and the Emergence of a German Free Church (1939)
  • The coming covenant , in: Truth Witnesses No. 6/7 (1941).
  • The Origin of the First Creed and Its Relation to the Gospel , in: The Fraternal, Journal of the Baptist Ministers' Fellowship , No 88 - April 1953.
  • Reflections on the history of the seminar , in: Festschrift Predigerseminar Hamburg-Horn 1955 , pp. 11-25.
  • Free Churches in Germany , Bad Nauheim 1956.
  • The Baptist doctrine of baptism (lecture manuscript from 1956), in: U.Swarat (ed.): Whoever believes and is baptized. Texts on the understanding of baptism in German Baptism , Kassel 2010, pp. 8–25.
  • I want to build my church , in: The Christ church according to the scriptures. Lectures at the Federal Conference Hanover 1957 , Kassel 1957, pp. 5-14.
  • The future of our federation , in: Report on the Congress of European Baptists 26.-31. July 1958 in Berlin (Ed. J. Meister), Kassel 1959, pp. 54–59.
  • Was the merger of three baptized groups in 1941 a model for church unification? , in: Ökumenische Rundschau , No. 4, October 1959, pp. 175-184.
  • Is the difference between regional churches and free churches getting smaller? , in: H. Kruger (ed.): To the end of the earth. Ecumenical contributions to the 70th birthday of Martin Niemöller , Munich 1962, pp. 200–207.
  • About the meaning of the creeds in German Baptism , in: Semesterzeitschrift , No. 5, Kassel 1962/63, p. 3f.
  • The community of believers , in: Die Baptisten , Volume 2 in the series Die Kirchen der Welt (Ed. JD Hughey), Stuttgart 1964, pp. 58–72.
  • The role of the "plutocracy" in the German Baptist congregations , in: Semesterzeitschrift , No. 11, Kassel 1965/66, p. 12f.
  • Two decades of German ecumenism from a free church perspective , in: Kirchliches Jahrbuch für die Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland , Gütersloh 1967, pp. 371–416.
  • Paul Schmidt and the Bund , in: Journal Die Gemeinde No. 12, 1970, pp. 5–12.
  • The real crises are only now. Interview with Dr. Hans Luckey , in: Semesterzeitschrift No. 23, Bonn 1971, pp. 21-23.
  • We have been refuted. Interview with Dr. Hans Luckey (II) , in: Semesterzeitschrift No. 24, Bonn 1971, pp. 15-18.
  • Ecumenical influences. Wichern and the Anglo-Saxon revival movement , in: Reform of Church and Society 1848-1973. Johann Hinrich Wichern's demands in the revolutionary year of 1848 as questions to the present (eds. HCvHase and P. Meinhold), Stuttgart 1973, pp. 158–164.
  • My memories of Friedrich Rockschies , in: Journal Die Gemeinde 1976, No. 4–16, p. 7 each.
  • 35 articles in the Calwer Bibellexikon , Stuttgart 1959 - 1961.


  • W. Riemenschneider: Prepared and used by God. Hans Luckey - a life among us , in: Journal DIE GEMEINDE, No. 17–23 (1976)
  • Günter Hitzemann: Hans Luckey to the memory , in: Festschrift 100 Years Theological Seminary 1880 - 1980, pp. 78–84
  • Edwin Brandt: Article: Hans Luckey , in: Ökumene-Lexikon (1983), p. 59
  • Günter Balders : Biography Hans Luckey , in: A Lord, a Faith, a Baptism - 150 Years of Baptist Congregations in Germany , Wuppertal and Kassel 1984, p. 351f, ISBN 3-7893-7883-6
  • Heinz Szobries: Confessions of Guilt from the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches and Other Churches in Germany after 1945 , Volume 3 in the Baptism Documentation series , Oncken-Archiv Elstal 2013, pp. 60-64 (Interview with Hans Luckey in September 1971)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Biographical information according to Edwin Brandt : Article Hans Luckey , in: Ökumene-Lexikon (1983), p. 59
  2. Walter Harnisch, Paul Schmidt (Ed.): Fifth Baptist World Congress. German report of the congress held in Berlin from August 4 to 10, 1934 , Kassel 1934, p. 167
  3. Günter Balders: A “Theology of the Führer Principle”? German Baptists on the search for a way in the Third Reich , in: Theological Conversation 1–2 / 1979, pp. 29–40
  4. Andrea Strübind: The unfree free church. The Union of Baptist Congregations in the Third Reich , Wuppertal, 1995², p. 301f
  5. ^ Günter Hitzemann: Hans Luckey for memory , in: Festschrift. 100 years of the theological seminary. 1880 - 1980 (Ed. Günter Balders), Wuppertal and Kassel 1980, p. 81
  6. ^ Günter Balders, Bibliography Hans Luckey - in: Wort und Tat 1970, pp. 77-80