Ante-mortem and meat inspection

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Meat inspection in a slaughterhouse in Kiel (1971)

By ante- and post-mortem inspection , outdated and livestock and meat inspection , to ensure that the meat of certain animals as food arrives on the market only if it has been assessed as fit for human consumption. This examination is an essential part of the measures to ensure meat hygiene .

The examination is carried out by official veterinarians or meat inspectors in two steps: the examination of the animal and the examination of the meat ( meat inspection or Swiss meat inspection )

Animal examination

The first step is to examine the animal to be slaughtered. This examination of the living animal for slaughter is intended to determine whether it is healthy and therefore suitable for slaughter. The animal to be slaughtered is released for slaughter if it is in good health . If this is not the case, a slaughter ban is issued for the respective animal.

Post-mortem inspection

The second step is the post-mortem inspection as an examination of the animal's body intended for human consumption (meat and organs) after slaughter or on the game. This also ensures that all body parts and organs not approved for human consumption are properly disposed of as confiscates . If the meat inspection does not result in any complaints, the carcass is marked as fit by stamping it with the official meat inspection stamp. Meat found to be unsuitable may not be placed on the market.

In the case of certain animal species, especially horses and pigs , the trichinae examination is carried out in addition to the ante-mortem and meat examination .


European law

The regulations on ante-mortem and meat inspection have been largely harmonized at the level of the European Community , in part through directly applicable EC regulations, so that national regulations are becoming increasingly irrelevant. Central is the Regulation (EC) no. 854/2004 .


The Animal Food Hygiene Regulation (abbreviated Tier-LMHV) and the Animal Food Inspection Regulation (abbreviated Tier-LMÜV) provide for exceptions for ante-mortem and meat inspection . The exception applies to game hunted by a hunter for his own domestic use as well as in the event that small amounts of game are used for the purpose of direct delivery to consumers or to local retail establishments for immediate delivery to consumers, if before or after the Wild no special features have been determined by the hunter. The hunter is thus a "food inspector for haired and game birds", a food producer and is liable for the game he sells . The hunter is not released from a trichinae examination in endangered animal species (wild boar, badger and all omnivorous game species). The hunter himself can take tissue samples for the trichinae examination as a quasi-official food inspector, provided the competent authority has given him this authority; A valid hunting license, special training by the authorities and personal reliability are required.


The ante-mortem and meat inspection is regulated in Section 4, ante-mortem and meat inspection, Sections 53–55 of the Food Safety and Consumer Protection Act (LMSVG, StF: Federal Law Gazette I No. 13/2006). It lies in the competence of the federal states .

Legal sources



  1. Federal Act of 7 October 1982 on ante-mortem and meat inspection ( Meat Inspection Act ) , StF: Federal Law Gazette No. 522/1982 (online, ris.bka ) - abolished in 2006.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Section 2b (1) Tier-LMHV
  2. of no more than the distance of a day of hunting
  3. § 4 Paragraph 1 No. 1 Tier-LHMV
  4. according to Appendix 4 number 1.3
  5. Section 6 (2) Tier-LMÜV