German law included cattle , pigs , sheep , goats and other ungulates , horses and other solipeds , rabbits that are kept as domestic animals, as well as wild game that is killed other than by killing it (e.g. gatter game). Until 1986, dogs were also defined as slaughter animals under the Meat Inspection Act . Since then, the production of meat from dogs and other dogs (canids) has been banned.
Poultry and fish are not slaughtered animals. However, the German Animal Welfare Slaughter Ordinance, in implementation of European law, deals with all animals, including fish and crustaceans, that are killed to obtain meat, furs, hides or other products from animals. It only excludes killing in the case of hunted animals, animal experiments, permissible pest control measures and types of mass fishing.
The methods of killing animals for slaughter are culturally different. In western, Christian countries, animals are stunned by bolt guns , electrical stunning or in gas gondolas with carbon dioxide before the actual killing takes place by blood withdrawal. The religious rules of Islam and Judaism call for another method of killing, slaughter . Large blood vessels in the animal's neck are cut through without prior anesthesia.
Number of animals slaughtered in Germany
According to the Böll Foundation's Meat Atlas, the following animals were slaughtered in Germany in 2012: 627,941,000 chickens, 37,000,000 turkeys, 25,460,000 ducks, and 58,350,000 pigs. That is more than in any other EU country. However, not all animals are consumed in Germany. A large part of it is exported.
- according to §§ 1, 4 para. 1 no. 3 of the German Meat Hygiene Act (FlHG) valid until 2005 , available from Vetion.de GmbH: Further application of the provisions of the Meat Hygiene Act (Germany)
- Amendment of the meat inspection law of April 13, 1986
- § 1 TierSchlV
- P. Pinzler: A German animal life. In: The time. May 15, 2014, p. 36.