For her published in 1936 Southern -novel Gone with the Wind (Gone with the Wind) she was awarded the 1937 Pulitzer Prize awarded. The film adaptation of the same name from 1939 with Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable in the leading roles is one of the most successful films of all time.
Youth and private life
Margaret Mitchell was born in 1900 in Atlanta as the daughter of lawyer Eugene Muse Mitchell and Mary Isabelle "Maybelle" Stephens. Her nickname, under which she later appeared in public from time to time, was Peggy.
After Mitchell had finished her school and college education, she took over the parental household after the early death of her mother in 1918. She began writing a weekly column in the Sunday edition of the Atlanta Journal . On September 2, 1922, she married Berrien "Red" Upshaw, from whom she divorced in 1924. On July 4, 1925, she married Upshaw's friend John Marsh.
Blown by the wind
In 1926 she was confined to bed for a long time because of injuries and arthritis and began to write the novel Gone with the Wind . Her husband bought her a used Remington portable typewriter , on which she completed the 1000-page book within the next ten years. It was released on June 30, 1936. In the same year she sold the film rights to her book for US $ 50,000 to producer David O. Selznick . In 1937 she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Gone with the Wind .
Later life and death
From the 1940s she worked exclusively on a voluntary basis for charitable purposes. Among other things, she sponsored the medical education of underprivileged college graduates, founded an emergency room for blacks and whites at Grady Hospital in Atlanta, got involved in the Afro-American movement for the rights and education of blacks in Atlanta, and helped in various hospitals during World War II .
On August 11, 1949, while crossing Peachtree Street, she was hit by a drunk taxi driver; her injuries were so severe that she never woke up from the coma . Margaret Mitchell died on August 16, 1949 in Grady Hospital and is buried in Oakland Cemetery , Atlanta.
After Mitchell's death
In 1965 Mitchell was posthumously awarded the "Shining Light Award" by the Atlanta Gas Light and the radio station WSB for their "services in the interests of humanity". In 1989 Gone With the Wind was named Margaret Mitchell House by Atlanta's mayor as one of the city's official landmarks. In 1997 it was opened to the public as a museum.
In 1987 the book Proud and Unyielding Like Scarlett was published. Margaret Mitchell's letters to her childhood friend Allen Edee from 1919 to 1921. In 1996, the book Island of Lost Dreams followed , a novel that had been discovered in 1995 along with letters and photos from Margaret Mitchell in the estate of her childhood friend Henry Love Angel. In 2000, Before Scarlett appeared , a collection of previously unpublished stories and novellas written by Margaret Mitchell between the ages of seven and 18.
- Gone With the Wind. Macmillan Publishers, New York, NY 1936, current edition with foreword by Pat Conroy : Pocket Books, New York, NY 2008, ISBN 978-1-4165-4894-2 .
- Island of Lost Dreams. Gustav Lübbe Verlag, Bergisch Gladbach 1996, ISBN 3-404-12885-0 .
- Proud and indomitable like Scarlett. Margaret Mitchell's letters to her childhood friend Allen Edee 1919–1921. Claassen, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-546-46753-1 .
- Before Scarlett. Girlhood Writings of Margaret Mitchell. Hill Street Press, Athens, GA 2000, ISBN 1-892514-62-1 (in English).
- Anne Edwards: Margaret Mitchell. The way to Tara. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1990, ISBN 3-404-61181-0 .
- Finis Farr: The Margaret Mitchell story and the story of the book "Gone with the Wind". Claassen, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-546-42620-7 .
- Dardon A. Pyron: Daughter of the South, Margaret Mitchell. List tb, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-612-65055-6 .
- Elke Schmitter : Margaret Mitchell. Defiance as a pacemaker. In: Verena Auffermann , Gunhild Kübler , Ursula March , Elke Schmitter: Passions. 99 women authors of world literature. Bertelsmann , Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-570-01048-8 .
- Literature by and about Margaret Mitchell in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography, Literature & Sources for Margaret Mitchell FemBio of the Institute for Women's Biography Research
- The "Margaret Mitchell House & Museum" u. a. with biography, list of honorary positions and details about Mitchell's commitment to the Afro-American population
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Mitchell, Margaret Munnerlyn (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 8, 1900|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Atlanta , Georgia|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 16, 1949|
|Place of death||Atlanta , Georgia|