Hans Nieland

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Hans Heinrich Nieland (born October 3, 1900 in Hagen , Westphalia, † August 29, 1976 in Reinbek ) was a politician of the NSDAP and Lord Mayor of Dresden from 1940 to 1945.


After finishing secondary school in Hagen in 1918 , Nieland was drafted into the army in June of the same year and remained a soldier until shortly after the end of the First World War (released in December 1918). From February 1919 he studied law and economics in Göttingen and Hamburg . During his studies he became a member of the Germania Hamburg fraternity in 1920 . After completing his studies in July 1922, he worked for three years as a commercial clerk in two Hamburg export companies. This was followed by training in local and state administration, as a result of which he went to Kirchhörde (which today belongs to the Hombruch district) as a candidate for the career of a Westphalian bailiff . In June 1925 he completed his dissertation on political science " Power as a legal concept of the state: At the same time, an investigation into the constitutional position of the German Empire under the rule of the Versailles Treaty " .

In January 1926 Nieland joined the NSDAP ( membership number 33,333) and became district leader in his home country, then section leader in Hamburg. He also became a member of the SS (SS-No. 61,702), was promoted to SS Brigade Leader on January 30, 1939, and on November 9, 1944, was assigned to the SS Upper Section “Elbe”. From November 1926 to March 1928 he returned to studying law in Münster and Göttingen. In December 1928 he was a trainee lawyer at the judicial authorities in Altona . On September 14, 1930 he was elected to the Reichstag for constituency 34 .

In 1932 he participated in the founding of the " Keppler Circle ", which advised the NSDAP on economic issues.

Senator Nieland's grave , Ohlsdorf cemetery

Hans Nieland was appointed by Gregor Strasser, head of the Nazi Reich organization, as the first head of the NSDAP's foreign organization, which was founded in Hamburg on May 1, 1931 . Nieland held this party office until he resigned on May 8, 1933 because of more important obligations. From 15 March 1933, he was briefly head of the Hamburg police authority until 18 May 1933 the Hamburg Reich Governor Karl Kaufmann a member of the Hamburg Senate was appointed. There he led the Hamburg financial administration and replaced the dismissed Walter Matthaei . In November 1934 he also took over parts of the administration for economy, technology and work. After the “ Greater Hamburg Law ” came into force in April 1937, Nieland was appointed senator and city treasurer for life. In February 1940, at the suggestion of Reich Governor Martin Mutschmann, he was appointed Lord Mayor of the State Capital of Dresden by Reich Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick . After the heavy air raids on February 13 and 14, 1945, which completely destroyed the baroque old town, Nieland left Dresden in a hurry on February 23 and reported in Berlin on March 3, 1945 .

From June 2, 1945 to February 21, 1948, Nieland was in various British internment camps , e. B. in Neumünster - Gadeland and in Staumühle (near Paderborn ). In August 1948, he was sentenced to a fine in a court proceedings in Bielefeld , which, however, was considered to have been paid due to his imprisonment. In 1949 he was classified as “less burdened” and in 1950 as a “ fellow traveler ”.

Subsequently, Nieland worked in Hamburg as a “consulting economist”.

Hans Nieland's grave is on the Ohlsdorf cemetery in Hamburg in grid square AD 5 (below Stavenhagenhügel ).



  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 4: M-Q. Winter, Heidelberg 2000, ISBN 3-8253-1118-X , pp. 210-211.
  • Christel Hermann: Lord Mayor of the City of Dresden Hans Nieland and Deputy Rudolf Kluge. In: Dresden history book. Volume 7. DZA, Altenburg 2001, ISBN 3-9806602-5-7 , pp. 181-200.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Christof Brauers: The FDP in Hamburg 1945 to 1953. Martin Meidenbauer Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 2007, p. 85, fn. 142.
  2. ^ State Center for Political Education Hamburg (ed.): Hamburg in the Third Reich, seven articles. Hamburg 1998, p. 95.
  3. ^ Herbert Diercks : Documentation town house. The Hamburg police under National Socialism. Texts, photos, documents , Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial , Hamburg 2012, p. 22
predecessor Office successor
Rudolf Kluge Lord Mayor of Dresden
Adalbert Wolpert