The Bochum model was the forerunner of the University Hospital of the Ruhr University Bochum . It was a temporary solution to problems that hindered the expansion of the medical faculty of the Ruhr University Bochum in the 1970s, and thus enabled medical students at the Ruhr University Bochum to complete their clinical training in "normal" hospitals.
The reason was financial bottlenecks and political problems with the expansion of the medical faculty in Bochum in 1975: The planned clinic was not built, a detention hospital in the immediate vicinity was canceled due to the resistance of the population in the Querenburg district (especially with the participation of the "pro green" association) and the MB and MC buildings in the row of medical buildings at the Ruhr University Bochum remained investment ruins for decades. In addition, in 1972 the Essen University Hospital was spun off from the Ruhr University and transferred to the newly founded University of Essen .
On January 25, 1977, the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia decided to send medical students to neighboring hospitals for clinical training from the 1977 winter semester. The advantage of this unusual concept is that it is practical, but there is a high logistical effort for the students. This solved the problem of the lack of an own clinic .
In 1987 these contracts were extended for a further 10 years, the latest contract between the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and clinics was signed on June 24, 1998 and the model was converted into "Klinikum der Ruhr-Universität Bochum" (today " Universitätsklinikum der Ruhr-Universität Bochum ") ) renamed. Since then, the majority of the clinics involved have been non-state university clinics , a special case in Germany.
In 1998, the cooperation between the clinics and the Ruhr University Bochum was permanently established. On this basis, the Association Clinic of the Ruhr University Bochum was founded in September 2008 with coordinating tasks in clinical, scientific and didactic areas.
In August 2009, the following hospitals and their departments were involved in the model:
- Bergmannsheil University Hospital of the Employer's Liability Insurance Association
- Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer
- St. Josef Hospital Bochum
- Marienhospital Herne
- LWL University Clinic Bochum - Psychiatry - Psychotherapy - Psychosomatics - Preventive medicine (former Westphalian Center Bochum - Psychiatry and psychotherapy)
- Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy at the LWL University Hospital of the Ruhr University Bochum (formerly Dept. for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, University Clinic at the LWL Clinic Dortmund )
- LWL University Hospital Hamm - Child and adolescent psychiatry - Psychotherapy - Psychosomatics
- Heart and Diabetes Center North Rhine-Westphalia (in Bad Oeynhausen , state-owned)
- Trade Association Research Institute for Occupational Medicine (in Bochum)
- University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat Medicine and Head and Neck Surgery at the St. Elisabeth Hospital in Bochum
- Institute for Pathology of the Ruhr University Bochum at the professional association clinics Bergmannsheil , there is also the mesothelioma register .
The Bochum model was expanded to include several clinics in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe area. Since October 2016, it has been possible to continue the clinical study section at the Minden location ( Johannes Wesling Clinic (JWK)). Teaching takes place at the JWK as well as at the Herford Clinic and the Lübbecke-Rahden Hospital .