district of Bochum
|3252 (December 31, 2016)
|1349 inhabitants / km²
|Apr 1, 1926
Hordel is a district on the northern border of Bochum - center to Herne . It was incorporated into Bochum on April 1, 1926 by the law on the reorganization of communal borders in the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial districts . A smaller part was then awarded to Wattenscheid . Bochum's lowest point is located at the “Am Blumenkamp” underpass at 43 m above sea level.
The place where the later Hordel originated was the settlement area of the Brukterer tribe in Germanic times . They lost it to the Saxons invading from the north in the course of the 7th century . After protracted fighting, the Franks under Charlemagne were able to subdue and pacify the Saxons - including those of the Brukterer Gaus. Christianization began in 802 with the foundation of the Werden monastery.
The treasure book for the county of Mark from 1486 names a Straitman to Rolinchusen in Hordel , transferred: Stratmann zu Röhlinghausen. The Röhlinghausen peasantry , today a district of Herne, was part of Hordel in the 15th century.
In 1798 there was a civil status record in the Oberamt Bochum for the rural community Hordel
- in the farming community: 15 houses and 15 families with 16 men, 23 women, 14 sons, 19 daughters, 11 servants = 83 people,
- in the noble house of Dahlhausen: 1 house and 1 family with 1 man without wife and child, 3 maids, 2 servants = 6 people,
- in aristocratic ownership: 1 house and 1 family with 1 man without wife and child, 1 maid = 2 people.
Thus, in 1798, 91 people lived in Hordel.
The names Oberhordel and Unterhordel have been in use since the first decades of the 20th century. Oberhordel essentially comprises the Dahlhauser Heide settlement. Unterhordel is the north-western part of the greater area around the church building. In the 19th century, Hordel was only inhabited in what is now Unterhordel. In the later Oberhordel, on today's Bertastraße, there was only the Gut Haus Dahlhausen from 1792. The estate was built in the classicist half-timbered style on the site of a medieval castle. The former graves dried up due to subsidence and the building suffered considerable damage. Behind it is a horse farm with catering. The Dahlhausen mill with a pond was located east of the estate on the Hüller Bach. The community map, which the geometer Zabel "finished on the field on September 30, 1823", shows only fields, meadows and forest for the rest of the total area. The area east of today's Hordeler Heide road was therefore forested.
Around 1823, Hordel was already settled in the triangle between Hannoverstrasse, Hüller-Bach-Strasse and Hüller Bach. Traces are still visible today. The then undeveloped Röhlinghauser Straße can already be traced in its current course - coming from the north. However, it did not flow into Hannoverstrasse, but instead crosses it and crosses the settlement and turns east behind the preserved farm. The route is still visible in the aerial photo. The settlement area bounded by Hannoverstrasse and Hüller Bach opened up to the east beyond the kindergarten property. While the Hüller Bach now dodges in its straight concrete bed with a hook to the south, in olden times it meandered more in a direct east-west direction. With his diversion he avoided the later heap of the Hannover colliery .
The old Hordel was opened in an east-west direction via the street that corresponds to the course of Hannoverstrasse. To the north there was the forerunner of Röhlinghauser Strasse. A southern connection followed roughly the current Hüller-Bach-Straße. Although it reached as far as the estate area, it turned with its main direction to the south into the Kabeisemannsweg and led into the old gold hammer at the confluence with Centrumsstrasse. There was no direct connection with Hamme, the former Hundhamme, and Bochum, as it is a matter of course today.
In 1854, the first shaft of the Hanover colliery was sunk and after the takeover by Krupp, the colliery developed into a large mine. In order to tie miners from the Hannover and Hannibal collieries to the operation, the workers' housing estate Dahlhauser Heide, popularly known as the "Kappskolonie", was built at the beginning of the 20th century (1906–1915). The architecture in the Dahlhauser Heide corresponds to a garden city and is consciously based on pre-industrial forms of construction, the so-called "Heimatstil". The village-like character of the settlement is caused by the half-timbered facade design and the deeply drawn roof eaves, which are reminiscent of old Westphalian farmhouses. The predominant house type is the two-family house with an eat-in kitchen and living room on the ground floor and two bedrooms on the upper floor. The connection to the neighboring house is established through the stable. The simple colliery workers lived in these houses. There are also several "Steigerhouses", which are mainly to be found at the crossroads. These each have an additional room on the ground floor and first floor. Nowadays, the stables and extensions of a large number of houses, not visible from the street side, have been extended to the rear by means of generous extensions and winter gardens. It is also interesting that in some houses, despite the facade being absolutely symmetrical from the outside, the living space is divided between the two halves of the house in a 60/40 ratio.
The streets and paths in the settlement are very winding and difficult to make out for those outside the settlement. The settlement itself is again divided into areas that were assigned to the different hierarchical levels of the mine workers. The houses at the official place were assigned to the mine officials. However, these were not civil servants in the current sense, but executives, as the mines were privately owned and employees with real civil servant status could only be found within the state mining inspectorate. Until the 1960s, the colony was a demarcated village that was even provided with barriers on the access roads.
The Hüller Bach flows through Hordel, to which the Hofsteder Bach and the Marbach flow together in Hordel . Both streams are currently still partially used as sewers. As part of the project to convert the Emscher system, they will be restored to a near-natural state. The concrete floor of the Marbach running along the surface has not carried any water for a long time, but its course is still clearly recognizable despite heavy overgrowth with bushes and scrub.
Three former railway lines run along the Hordel town limits. In the north the railway line Bochum-Riemke - Wanne-Eickel , which connected Wanne-Eickel with Bochum-Riemke as the so-called "old salt railway ", in the northwest the former line from Wanne-Eickel to Gelsenkirchen-Wattenscheid and in the southwest the ore railway , which is being redesigned today and is available along its entire length as a bike path and footpath. The "Carolinenglückbahn" , which runs parallel to the ore railway for a short stretch , is used as a works railway by the ThyssenKrupp group.
On December 31, 2019, 3,210 people lived in Hordel.
Structural data of the population in Hordel:
- Minor quota: 16.2% [Bochum average: 14.6% (2019)]
- Old age rate (60 years and older): 29.9% [Bochum average 28.3% (2019)]
- Proportion of foreigners: 8.6% [Bochum average 14.4% (2019)]
- Unemployment rate: 6.9% [Bochum average 8.9% (2017)]
Sons and daughters of Hordel
- Hermann Meyer-Burgdorff (1889–1957), surgeon
- Statistical yearbook of the city of Bochum 2017 (  ).
- The population figures are given according to statistical districts and not according to the districts, the figures for this are in the article population development of Bochum .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 249 .
- City of Bochum, Bochumer timings, 2. Heimatbuch 1927, contributions to the history of the judiciary in Bochum city and country in older times. , Dr. Höfken , accessed March 11, 2012.
- Manfred Hildebrandt (arrangement): Herne - from Ackerstraße to Zur-Nieden-Straße: City history in the mirror of street names. Publications of the Herne City Archives. Vol. 1, Ed .: City of Herne, The Lord Mayor, Herne 1997; Entry: Stratmann's way .
- City of Bochum, Bochumer timings, 5th Heimatbuch 1951, civil status record from the Bochum office 1798 , Albert Lassek , accessed on March 11, 2012.
- City of Bochum, Office for Geoinformation, Properties and Cadastre, Hordel community map, 1823-24.