Klosterbusch colliery

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Klosterbusch colliery
General information about the mine
Bochum - Im Lottental - Klosterbusch colliery - machine house 02 ies.jpg
The machine house of the Klosterbusch colliery
Funding / year approx. 400,000 t
Funding / total 12,987,000 t
Information about the mining company
Employees about 1000
Start of operation 1918
End of operation 1961
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 26 '17 "  N , 7 ° 16' 16"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 26 '17 "  N , 7 ° 16' 16"  E
Klosterbusch Colliery (Ruhr Regional Association)
Klosterbusch colliery
Location Klosterbusch colliery
Location Querenburg
local community Bochum
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Bochum
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The bill Klosterbusch was a coal - mine in Bochum district Querenburg . It was located in the lower Lottental , south of today's Ruhr University Bochum . Today the quarry can still be seen from afar.

Hard coal mining

The mining law union of the “Vereinigte Klosterbusch” colliery goes back to the Eisenstein colliery Vereinigte Klosterbusch in Essen-Werden . This union acquired the coal unions Sonnenschein, Johann-Diedrich and Buchwald in (Bochum-) Querenburg in 1918.

In Querenburg two were first in 1918 tonnlägige wells put into operation in 1924 was followed by a seigerer (vertical) production well, 1937, a ventilation shaft , and in 1955 another ventilation shaft at the hair line. The extraction reached a depth of 368 meters. The mine was closed on July 31, 1961, and today one of the two broadband seismic measuring stations of the Ruhr University, which is also part of the German Regional Seismological Network (GRSN), is located in one of the tonnage shafts.

In 1926 an annual production of 350,000 tons of edible coal was achieved, in 1937 454,000 tons of coal and after the Second World War until the closure in 1961, over 300,000 tons were produced annually, which were mainly used for domestic heating.

Annual funding and workforce

Course of hard coal production and development of the workforce
year Amount of coal extracted
in tons
Number of miners
1920 050,000 0270
1922 123,000 0753
1924 129,000 0739
1927 333,000 1159
1935 428,800 1035
1937 454.100 1198
1945 170,400 0882
1950 329,250 1288
1951 324,700 1387

The total production from 1918 to 1961 was 12,987,000 tons of hard coal.

Day systems

View of the Kalwes from Hevener Straße - The red arrows show the foundations of the cable car; In the background the wall of the Klosterbusch quarry

The coal extracted was transported via a cable car built and put into operation in 1920 to a loading station on the Ruhr Valley Railway near the Holland colliery in Herbede . On the left bank of the Ruhr there were also coal washing , processing and the administration building of the colliery. The foundations of the girders are still partially visible in the fields.

The daytime facilities in the Lottental are still partially preserved. At times there was a residential community for student squatters. After the building was occupied for the second time from 1991 to 1994 and in October 1995, it was again empty for a long time. Today there is a faculty library and vehicles from the technical relief organization.

Since March 2014, the colliery and the local Ruhr-Universität mining trail have also been listed in the Route of Industrial Culture , themed route Bochum .


Exposure to the former Klosterbusch colliery, the red line shows the course of the “Stockumer Saddle”, a fold of the mountains

The quarry of the Klosterbusch colliery on the “Kalwes” mountain is the largest geological outcrop in Bochum. Due to its geological importance, the wall has been placed under protection as a natural monument ND 2.5 .

The area in front of the quarry is used as a test area and for composting cuttings from the Botanical Garden of the Ruhr University Bochum. There is no public access for reasons of road safety, but guided tours are offered on certain occasions.


  • Hans-Jürgen Lewer, Klaus Eichholz, Jörgen Beckmann: The Klosterbusch union in Querenburg and Herbede. Review of the mine director Ewald Sonnenschein from 1918–1927. In: Sources on Hevener and Herbeder history. Issue 5, 2016.
  • Karl-Heinz Bader, Karl Röttger: 250 years of coal mining in the Mark region ISBN 3-88339-590-0 .
  • Wilhelm u. Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. Langewiesche, Königstein im Taunus 1981, ISBN 3-7845-6990-0 .
  • Environment Agency of the City of Bochum (ed.): Tag des Geotop 2006. (leaflet).

Web links

Commons : Zeche Klosterbusch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files