Lauersfort Castle

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Lauersfort Castle
Bailey of Lauersfort Castle

Castle Lauersfort in Moers -Holderberg is a moated castle and former manor , the oldest part of the building, the front castle , built in the 14th century. The original owners were the lords of Friemersheim , who received Lauersfort as part of a fiefdom of the Werden monastery . Until the end of the 14th century and before it belonged to the county of Moers , the manor was part of the county of Kleve for a time. The name of the castle is derived from "Löwenfurt" and goes back to the heraldic animal, a red lion on a golden background, of the Lords of Friemersheim.

In the oldest document from 1344, "Sweder von Vrimmersheim" is listed as a fief. In another document from 1351 Sweder confirms that the manor is both a fiefdom of the Klever family and an open house for them .

The next documented owner was Bernt von Sleswig in 1399, since the Lords of Friemersheim had pledged the property to the Counts of Moers and the "Herrlichkeit Friemersheim" now belonged to the County of Moers . In 1403 the property was divided, and for the second part of the property without the courtyard, the Counts of Kleve were responsible as fiefs. The other part with the knight's seat was given to “Sibert von Eyll” as a fief by the Counts of Moers and remained in this family until the end of the 16th century. Reinhard von Eyll received the property as the last fiefdom taker in 1576.

After Reinhard von Eyll's death, the Drosten family Pelden, called Cloudt, became fief takers and owners of the manor in 1590. Jost Winrich II von Pelden had married the daughter Katharina von Eyll. As early as 1558, the father Wilhelm von Pelden had been made drosten of the county by Count Herrmann von Neuenahr -Moers (1520–1578) . Jost Winrich was also appointed Drosten by the Orange in 1600 . The family also included Reinhard von Pelden called Cloudt (1702–1770), District President of the Principality of Moers . The property remained in the von Pelden family, known as Cloudt, as a manor until 1811 and was sold to the widow vom Rath that year.

The west wing of the property was built around 1650. The present castle building was erected as a mansion in 1716. The so-called “Schinkelsaal”, which was designed according to the designs of Karl Friedrich Schinkel , is located on the ground floor . Like the Moerser Schlosspark , the park behind the manor was laid out as a landscape garden according to the plans of Maximilian Friedrich Weyhe , who also designed the Düsseldorf court garden. The castle is privately owned by the Block family. Lauersfort Castle is listed under number 8 in the List of Historic Monuments of the City of Moers.

Phalerae from Lauersfort

On November 12, 1857, the Lauersforter Phalerae were recovered from drainage work on the manor and have since been exhibited in the Berlin Collection of Antiquities . Copies can be seen in the Burg Linn Museum Center .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Theodor Joseph Lacomblet, in: Document book for the history of the Lower Rhine or the Archbishopric of Cöln, Certificate 497 , 1853, Part 3, 1301–1400, p. [425] 405.
  2. ^ A b c Rittergut Lauersfort, in: Year book of the Düsseldorfer Geschichtsverein , 1886, p. [255] 248.


  • Finkele, Diana: Lauersfort Castle . In: Ministry for Building and Transport of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia / Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (Hrsg.): Burgen AufRuhr. On the way to 100 castles, palaces and mansions in the Ruhr region . Editor: Kai Niederhöfer. Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2010, pp. 393–396

Coordinates: 51 ° 24 ′ 41.5 ″  N , 6 ° 36 ′ 28 ″  E