Museum Center Burg Linn
The Burg Linn Museum Center in the Linn district of Krefeld includes Linn Castle , the hunting lodge in the outer bailey , the Archaeological Museum (formerly Niederrheinische Landschaftsmuseum) and the Geismühle as a branch .
Linn Castle is a polygonal round castle, the formation of which dates back to the 12th century. In 1704 the castle was completely destroyed during the War of the Spanish Succession . The renovation started in 1926. The castle was expanded to become a state museum. In the 1980s the castle was re-covered with a historically unsuitable roof. The roof of the keep was raised. Since then, this has served as an observation tower with a good all-round view of Linn and the castle park.
Today, exhibitions on the origins of the castle and life on it are shown here. But also cultural events and weddings take place here. In 2004/2005 the park of Burg Linn was included as an outstanding example in the street of garden art between the Rhine and the Maas .
Electoral hunting lodge
The hunting lodge in the Baroque is in the fore-castle area of the castle Linn. It was built in the 18th century for Elector Clemens August of Bavaria . In 1930 the Jagdschlösschen was attached to the Burg Linn State Museum. Today there are some furnished Krefeld burgher rooms from the 18th and 19th centuries, including the Marianne-Rhodius -Zimmer, which is dedicated to its last famous resident. The Von-der-Leyen- Zimmer, the De-Greiff-Zimmer and the Von-Beckerath-Zimmer are also reminiscent of famous Krefeld families. Another room is dedicated to the battle of Krefeld . A fully equipped Lower Rhine farmer's kitchen rounds off the museum offer.
The collection of mechanical historical musical instruments, which are always presented on Sundays, is something special. In addition to flute clocks , music boxes , barrel organs and automatic pianos, there is also the ballroom orchestrion "Clarabella". Another jewel is a mechanical carillon with bells made of Meissen porcelain at the front of the castle, which is at 11 am daily tunes from Vivaldi's Four Seasons and at 16:00 and Sundays at 14:00 addition, the wandering of Wilhelm Müller plays.
The "Archaeological Museum" (formerly "Niederrheinisches Landschaftsmuseum") includes archaeological, regional and folkloric collections as well as a special exhibition hall.
After the start of the Western campaign , the Western Allies began air raids on cities in the German Empire. On October 10, 1940, Adolf Hitler ordered the construction of numerous bunkers in 60 cities (" Führer immediate program "); 30 of them are in Krefeld. During the Second World War, the building was initially planned as a standardized high-rise bunker (air raid shelter) on Rheinbabenstrasse in 1940 , but it was already planned for later use as a museum. Together with the architect Dahmen, the then curator Albert Steeger had the floor plan modified accordingly in order to allow for the subsequent installation of windows and wider staircases. From 1952 the now converted bunker served as the “home of the Lower Rhine”, has since been expanded and shows exhibitions and archaeological finds from Linn Castle , the Gellep / Gelduba burial ground and the Krefeld area .
Next to the foyer, which was added from 1986 to 1998, there is a modern hall for special exhibitions. The first part of the archaeological collections is shown on the ground floor.
- Particular emphasis is placed on the depiction of the battle of Gelduba in AD 69 as well as the large landscape model of the Roman fort town Gelduba (around 200) with archaeological finds from the Roman and Franconian burial grounds in Gellep .
- There are also exhibits on the history of the area as well as a Carolingian Rhine barge from the 9th century that was recovered from dredging work at the Rhine harbor in 1972 , which is now on display in a specially built hall after a bath made of polyethylene glycol that lasted over 30 years .
Finds from the more than 6000 Roman and early medieval graves found in Krefeld- Gellep can be seen on the first floor .
- The important glass collection and the grave of a Franconian prince, uncovered by Renate Pirling in 1962 , is one of the few early medieval aristocratic graves in the Rhineland that was still completely intact and not robbed in earlier times. It is about the famous princely grave with the number 1782, see main article Arpvar . Since its discovery in 1962, this grave has been considered the "founder's grave" of a group of five other crypts of outstanding size and layout (which, however, were largely exploited by grave robbers).
- One of the spectacular finds on display from the prince's grave in Krefeld-Gellep is a golden Byzantine spangenhelm .
- Medieval finds from the Krefeld city area as well as the grave of the first known lord of the castle in Linner, the knight Otto von Linn (circa 1170 to 1220), whose bones are kept in a separate exhibition room, can also be seen.
On the second floor there is a large collection of models of the Lower Rhine urban landscape at the end of the Middle Ages.
- The models were made before the last war for the nationally important special exhibition "Castle and City on the Lower Rhine". There is also a room on the history of Linn, the museum's old library and a special exhibition on medieval and early modern glass (loans from the Karl Amendt collection).
On the third floor there is an exhibition with special topics:
- The "Lower Rhine Ceramics" area shows objects (from the period from 1680 to 1850) that were often made as wedding gifts, richly decorated and provided with many, often joking, sayings.
- Furthermore, other ethnologically interesting materials are shown, including farmhouse models, a shoemaker's workshop and, in a special department, changing modules on the recent history of Krefeld, with an exhibition unit on the growth of the city of Krefeld over the past 150 years and an exhibition on Krefeld label weaving mills.
The Geismühle , located about 2.5 km southwest of Linn Castle, is a former watchtower of the castle, which was subsequently converted into a windmill. The mill was restored in 2006/2007, is fully functional and can be visited on the 1st and 3rd Sunday of the month from May to October.
- Elisabeth Leonhard (arrangement): Museum Burg Linn. Westermann, Braunschweig 1988
- Christoph Reichmann: Landscape Museum of the Lower Rhine, Museum Burg Linn . Schnell & Steiner, Munich 1986 (= art guide, 1582).
- Official website of the Burg Linn Museum
- Linn Castle Museum
- The Franconian Prince of Krefeld-Gellep
- Internet portal Krefeld Museum Burg Linn