City of Krefeld
|Height :||35 m|
|Residents :||6871 (December 31, 2011)|
|Postal code :||47809|
|Area code :||02151|
Linn has been part of Krefeld since it was incorporated in 1901 . Linn, with its historic town center, is nestled in the Lower Rhine lowlands approx. 5 kilometers east of the Krefeld city center and southwest of the Serm district of Duisburg . Together with Oppum and parts of Bockum it forms the municipality of Oppum-Linn.
The oldest reference to Linn can be found in the Kaiserswerth document, which was written between 1090 and 1120. At that time, the Kaiserswerther Chapter received income from Linn. In 1186 a Gerlach and in 1234 a Gerhard von Linn appear as witnesses. The castle in Linn was first mentioned in a document in 1299. At that time Linn belonged to the county of Kleve (1265-1392/94). The city of Linn was founded in the 1st half of the 14th century by Count Dietrich VIII von Kleve in the east of the outer bailey to Linn Castle. In 1388 the Archbishop of Cologne , Friedrich III. von Saar became the dominion in Linn, as Cologne fief in possession. Linn Castle became the seat of the Elector of Cologne, Tilgin von Bremt.
During the Electoral Cologne period, the castle and the city were hardly expanded, as the focus was placed on the fortification of the nearby city and customs station of Uerdingen, which also belonged to the archbishopric.
Early modern age
The survey document for the city was lost in 1642 during the occupation by the Hessians after the battle on the Kempener Heide . The Hessian occupation expanded the fortifications of the castle and town (1642/50) and dug a second moat around the castle and town.
After the Hessian occupation, the citizens of Linner tried to restore their city rights. The then mayor Johann Streithoven testified on his deathbed in 1652 that he was still aware of the old document. He testifies to the Linner aldermen, Müntje, Spies, Kochs and Peter Reinerz, the type and extent of the city privileges. This process was documented by the then court clerk Theodor Gerlatzen. The original of this protocol is also no longer available. However, there is an excerpt from the court clerk and city secretary Moras and the notary Küpper (mid 18th century), which was presented to the electoral authorities on the occasion of a demonstration of the legitimacy of grazing and sweating in the Elt. This excerpt shows that the original of the minutes must have been available to Mr. Küpper and Mr. Moras.
From 1794 to 1813 Linn was part of the Arrondissement de Crévelt in the Département de la Roer under French rule. From 1816 Linn belonged to the Krefeld district as an independent mayor as part of the Prussian Rhine Province . Linn was no longer listed as a city in the Rhenish City Code of 1856.
In 1863 a synagogue was built on Rheinbabenstrasse in the style of oriental architecture (with a dome); the "silk baron" Philipp de Greiff and his daughter Marianne Rhodius paid for the building. The Krefeld-Linn train station was opened in 1874 .
The village of Linn was incorporated into the city of Krefeld in 1901. With its historic city center, it was about 5 kilometers east of Krefeld, without a direct corridor . It was not until the incorporation of Oppums in 1907 that Krefeld had direct access to Linn and the Rhine. The expansion of the Rhine port (1905–1906) then had a decisive influence on the further development of the district. In 1910/11 the port got a port railway. Therefore, various industrial companies settled in the following. The most outstanding settlements were:
- Three-ring factory , (1905),
- Fireclay factory Stoecker & Konz (1906),
- Guano fertilizer works (1910),
- Becker steelworks (1917–1945),
- Brand Purina concentrate plant (1925),
- Deutsche Maizena-Werke as the largest European corn starch factory (1954).
In Linn (about where the Autobahn exit of the A 57 Oppum / Linn is today) was one of the two large flak positions ( heavy flak ) around Krefeld, the battery 2./264 'Latumer Bruch' (the other was in Fichtenhain). There were also about a dozen smaller anti-aircraft guns around Krefeld.
After the Second World War
Linn was largely spared from destruction in both world wars. Almost the entire historic city center is now a listed building . During the expansion of the port of Linner 1971–1978, the remains of an old Roman quay and three medieval ships were found under the alluvial sand. The boats were rescued in an emergency excavation . One of the boats comes from the Carolingian era and was initially stored in a preservation solution for several decades. Today the boat can be viewed in a specially built hall in the Lower Rhine Museum of the Burg Linn Museum Center.
Public institutions and education
The Krefeld city administration maintains a citizens' office in Linn. Linn owns a primary school.
Culture and sights
- The Burg Linn is a moated castle in fixing and parkland and dates back to the 12th century in its origins.
- The Mühlenhof is a historic water mill.
- The Jagdschlösschen in the outer bailey was originally a bakery and brewery.
- The Greiffenhorst-Schlösschen is a former garden and hunting lodge in Greiffenhorstpark .
- The entire ensemble of the old town is a listed building, including the Issumer Tower and the Bakenhof .
- The swing bridge in Linner Rheinhafen celebrated its centenary in 2005.
- Every year on the weekend of Pentecost, the nationally known flax market takes place around Linn Castle and in the adjacent old town of Linn . The medieval craft market is the largest craft market in Germany. Over 300 dealers now offer their goods here.
- Johanna Klümpen-Hegmans: Linn, castle and town - from the Middle Ages to the present . Linn 1993, ISBN 3-7948-0210-1 .
- Hans Kaiser: The formation of territories in the former Electoral Cologne offices of Kempen, Oedt and Linn . Series of publications by the district of Viersen, Volume 29. Kempen-Niederrhein 1979, pp. 195–196.
- KuLaDig of the Rhineland Regional Association "Krefeld-Linn Monument Area"
- City tour, p. 5 ( Memento from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (with photo of the synagogue)
- City tour Krefeld-Linn ( Memento from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (pdf, 8 pages, photos; 4.0 MB)
- City tour, p. 7. ( Memento from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive )