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A controversy (from Latin: contra against; versus directed) is a long-lasting argument , dispute or debate .

In the event of a dispute, a controversial conversation may result . U. to a dispute. The person or persons who act or interact in a dispute fight a word of mouth and try to present their own arguments to any point of view and to convince their counterpart of their own position. Both a private debate between two individuals and powerful social unrest (e.g. quarrel between two parties, debate ) can be described as controversy .

The person who handles a dispute is referred to as a disputant. The disputation was originally an exercise in rhetoric and has been an integral part of academic training since the Middle Ages. In such a disputation a “proponent” and an “opponent” met. The proponent was the one who opened the controversy in a dialogue by making an assertion ( thesis ). The action of the “opponent” was to refute or refute this claim with arguments .

Numerous early Christian writers such as Irenaeus of Lyon or Hieronymus were famous as " controversial theologians " and wrote works against heretical teachings or heretics , therefore their works were entitled "Adversus ..." z. B. Irenaeus: Adversus haereses . Christian writers adopted the traditional opinion from classical rhetoricians that controversial arguments, even over trivial matters, were a demonstration of intellectual superiority. See the orations of Demosthenes or Cicero in Catilinam (“against Catilina ”).

It is in the nature of controversy that it cannot be conducted with a final either-or intention; it is therefore often accompanied by polemics and arguments . Constantine I called the Council of Nicaea in 325 in the hope of a settlement of the Arian dispute . Once the council had made its decision, any further discussion fell to anathema .

Three major controversies in church history were the Arian controversy, the investiture controversy, and the filioque controversy .

Labeling a work as a controversial book can provoke a reader to read because he wants to judge whether such a classification is justified or not. The same applies to controversial films, music, plays, as well as video and computer games.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Controversy  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. compare also Mem
  2. ^ Franco Volpi (ed.): The art of being right: Depicted in thirty-eight contrivances. Insel, Frankfurt a. M. 1995, ISBN 3-458-33358-4 .
  3. to Latin disputāre dis as the prefix “negating, negatively proving”; putāre "hold, apply to"
  4. Marcus Knill: Arguing - but how? "Rhetoric of constructive argument" ( [1] on