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Flag of the town of Winschoten
Coat of arms of the village of Winschoten
coat of arms
province Groningen Groningen
local community Flag of the municipality of Oldambt Oldambt
 - land
 - water
22.23  km 2
20.06 km 2
2.17 km 2
Residents 18,130 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Coordinates 53 ° 9 '  N , 7 ° 2'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 9 '  N , 7 ° 2'  E
Important traffic route A7 E22 N367 N964 N967 N972
prefix 0597
Postcodes 9665, 9671-9672
Template: Infobox location in the Netherlands / maintenance / map

Winschoten ( listen ? / I ) is a place and a former municipality in the Dutch province of Groningen , which has been the seat of the new municipality of Oldambt since January 1, 2010 . Today the place has 18,130 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) and an area of ​​22.23 km². Winschoten is known as the mill and rose town . Audio file / audio sample

Location and economy

Winschoten is located about 35 km east of the city of Groningen , on the A7 (E22) motorway to Leer (East Friesland) and Oldenburg . The former municipality has a train station on the Leer – Groningen railway line . There are also good roads to Veendam and Stadskanaal from here . To the east of Winschoten is the former municipality of Reiderland with the health resort Neuschanz .

Winschoten is not only the supply and administrative center of the municipality of Oldambt , but also a center of the cardboard and packaging industry. The Philips group has a glass factory in town. There is also a small shipyard and several small factories of machine parts. Rose bushes are grown in the area.


Church and tower Winschoten
Town hall of Winschoten
Hotel De Nederlanden
Winkelpromenade: Langestraat
Pieter Cornelis Dommersen: Street in Winschoten, 1889
Posttil shopping center in Winschoten

Winschoten developed in the 13th century as a settlement on the trade route from Groningen to Münster , which crossed a stream here and where there were hostels. Even before the year 1600 it was counted among the towns , although it was not granted town charter until 1825 . In the Eighty Years War it was a fortress .

But it was only with the reign of Napoleon that Winschoten gained importance: in 1803 and 1811 it received courts. The city was industrialized in the 19th century (railway connection in 1868), which not only led to prosperity, but also to social unrest, as the contrasts between rich and poor were very clear. In the city there are several villas that rich farmers from the area had built between 1850 and 1910. A humanistic grammar school has existed in the city since 1832 .

As early as 1835 there was a riot against an increase in property tax. Later Winschoten, like the surrounding towns, became a stronghold of socialism , and later even of communism in the Netherlands. In 1973 Winschoten hit the headlines across the country because for the first time there was a strike by women who demanded the same wages as men for the same work from their employer, the Optilon zipper factory. The strike itself was unsuccessful, but it was an important starting point for the development of the Dolle Mina women's movement in the Netherlands.

Until the Second World War , Winschoten was home to the largest Jewish community in the Netherlands after Amsterdam . During the Second World War , almost all of the city's 500 Jews were deported to Auschwitz and other extermination camps via the Westerbork transit camp . Since then there are only a few Jews left.

Blauwestad tourist development project

To the north of Winschoten is the area of ​​the Blauwestad ( Blue City ), one of the most spectacular landscape projects since the IJsselmeer polder was drained : a new lake, canal-traversed new residential areas with plenty of riverside properties and an extensive nature area. The heart of the project is the artificial lake with a size of over 200 hectares.


The railway bridge over the Ems is destroyed by a ship collision. The planned new building will not be finished before 2022. Arriva regional trains run hourly to and from Bad Nieuweschans on the Leer – Groningen railway line and every half hour to Groningen, as well as a replacement rail service to Leer in Germany.

Sights and events

  • The Run Winschoten has been held in September since 1976 , an ultramarathon over 100 km.
  • The Adrillen (= All Saints' Day) fair takes place on the first Monday in November.
  • The old, now reformed church, in Romano-Gothic style was built in the 13th century.
  • The St. Vitus Church (Sint-Vituskerk) in neo-Gothic style dates from the late 19th century. Winschoten was under the rule of the Corvey Monastery in the Middle Ages . The remains of this Sicilian saint are kept in Corvey ; so the inhabitants chose Saint Veit as their patron saint . Sankt Veit can also be seen on the city arms.
Catholic Sint-Vituskerk in Winschoten
Rosarium in Winschoten


Distribution of seats in the municipal council

Political party Seats
1994 1998 2002 2006
PvdA 7th 7th 6th 9
GroenLinks 3 2 2 3
VVD 2 3 3 2
CDA 3 3 3 2
ChristenUnie - - 1 1
D66 2 1 2 -
SP - 1 - -
Algemeen Ouderen Verbond / Unie55 + - 0 - -
Nieuwe Communist Partij-NCPN 0 - - -
Community concerns 0 - - -
total 17th 17th 17th 17th


Well-known sons and daughters of the city

Town twinning

Web links

Commons : Winschoten  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2017 Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek , accessed on June 28, 2018 (Dutch)
  2. ↑ Allocation of seats in the municipal council: 1994–2002 2006 , accessed on June 28, 2018 (Dutch)
  3. Winschoten ends - Fröndenberg's twin town ends friendship