Dutch Reformed Church

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The Dutch Reformed Church ( Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk, NHK for short) was the largest Protestant church in the Netherlands until 2004 . In neighboring Germany there are also parishes of the Dutch Reformed Church .

In southern Africa there is the group of the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk with affiliated partner churches in several African countries, but which has not been closely associated with the Dutch church for a long time. In addition, there is an independent Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika in Namibia and South Africa .


From the 16th century to 1816 the church was called the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (literally translated from today's Dutch as “Low German”, but in its former meaning “Dutch”). 1816 she was the King I. Wilhelm issued Algemeen Reglement voor het bestuur Nederlandsche Hervormde Kerk in het Koningrijk der Nederlanden (basic order for the Dutch Reformed Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands) in Dutch Reformed Church renamed.

In the years 1834, 1840 and 1886 several Reformed groups split off from it. In 1892 parts of it formed the Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland (Reformed Churches in the Netherlands). Some came back to the NHK in 1946.

In 1962 negotiations began between the Gereformeerde Kerken and the Dutch Reformed Church under the motto Samen op Weg ("Together on the way"). On May 1, 2004, the Gereformeerde Kerken, the Dutch Reformed Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands merged to form the Protestantse Kerk in Nederland ( Protestant Church of the Netherlands , abbreviation: PKN).

Strictly conservative circles of the Dutch Reformed Church rejected the association to the Protestant Church of the Netherlands and founded the Restored Reformed Church (Hersteld Hervormde Kerk) in a counter-movement on August 31, 2004 .

Since October 2004, most PKN congregations have made use of the new Dutch translation of the Bible .

The Protestant Church of the Netherlands has its central office (service center) in Utrecht .

Dutch Reformed Parish Elberfeld

Some community members, among them the brothers Daniel and Carl von der Heydt , defended themselves against the intervention of the then sovereign, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III. , in church affairs. He wanted to see Reformed and Lutheran congregations united by a union in the Evangelical Church in Prussia . On the other hand, a protest movement formed from which the "Dutch Reformed Congregation" emerged in 1847.

It was named "Dutch Reformed Congregation" at the suggestion of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV , who wanted to remember the former Dutch Reformed refugee communities. In addition, it was based on the establishment of the community on the reformed (hervormde) Church in the Netherlands. Prominent among others were Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrügge as co-founder and first pastor of the community as well as Alfred de Quervain , who was active in the " Confessing Church " during the time of National Socialism and worked on the Barmer Theological Declaration .

The Dutch Reformed congregation in Wuppertal , which has existed since 1847, has been a member of the Synod of the Evangelical Old Reformed Church in Lower Saxony since November 3, 2001 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. NG Kerk: Groter NG Kerkfamilie ( Memento of the original from October 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . at www.ngkerk.org.za (English) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / ngkerk.org.za
  2. Website of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika. On www.njka.org (afrikaans)
  3. Marlies Philippa, Frans Debrabandere, Arend Quak, Tanneke Schoonheim, Nicoline van der Sijs: Etymological Woordenboek van het Nederlands. Instituut voor de Nederlandse Taal. Leiden 2003-2009.
  4. ^ Peter Dirk Spies: De classis van Tiel, 1579-1816. The reformeerde kerk in de Nederbetuwe in het Spanningsveld van politieke made changes in maatschappelijke . Diss., Theological Universiteit van de Christelijke Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland, Apeldoorn 2017, ISBN 978-94-6345201-4 .