The Theresienstein public park is located in the Theresienstein district of Hof (Saale) in Bavaria . Its history goes back to 1816, making Theresienstein one of the oldest German public parks . The park is named after Queen Therese Charlotte , the wife of the Bavarian King Ludwig I. From 1861 to 1899 Hof's city planning officer Johann Gottlob Thomas had a decisive influence on the design.
The park was included in the Bavarian State Horticultural Show in Hof in 1994 . In 2003 Theresienstein was awarded the title of the most beautiful park in Germany .
At the beginning of the 19th century, the mountains and heights around Hof were bare due to the consequences of the Seven Years' War and deforestation. Therefore, in 1819, the reforestation of the area around the twin rocks - so-called because of their similarity - was started. A sun temple was built in the Fröhlichenstein Park that was created in this way in 1819.
In 1829 the facility was enlarged to the west. Different parking spaces such as B. a fruit tree quarter, single trees planted under with summer flowers, rose beds and quarters with various deciduous and coniferous wood plantings. 1832 was the first farm buildings in the neoclassical style built, which was very popular with the public as tourist cafe and place for socializing.
The Fröhlichenstein received its current name Theresienstein due to the visit of Queen Therese of Bavaria on August 22, 1836. At the highest point of the park, the Labyrinth Mountain, an artificial ruin was built in 1877 , in which the archway of the Hofer Castle, which burned down in 1743 , was used . In the 16-meter-high tower, 70 steps inside lead to an observation platform, which allows a wide view of the courtyard and - with good visibility - even of the Saxon area. Due to a lack of sanitary facilities, the hikers' management, which was operated until the end of the 1960s, had to be discontinued.
After the old farm building on Theresienstein became too small and in need of renovation, a new building and a pavilion in Art Nouveau style were built in 1902 . Like the park, the building is called Theresienstein, or stone for short. Many hiking and walking trails run through the park. Its roots lie in the idea of creating a recreational opportunity that is accessible to all citizens.
In addition to the farm building and the sun temple, the park includes a botanical and a zoological garden . The botanical garden was initially intended to resemble a school garden, but it was severely neglected during World War II. Since the 1960s, there has been significant investment in the garden.
Description of the park
The park is divided into
- Fröhlichenstein - often referred to as Theresienstein in the narrower sense - with
- Farm buildings
- Luitpoldhain with
- botanical garden
- Geological garden
- zoological garden
- Labyrinth Mountain with
- Hermann Müller facility with cat sculptures, painter's palette, children's climbing frame
- Eichelberg with
- Moritz Franck facility
- Wießmath system
- Alfred-Klunker-Anlage and
- Lettenbachtal with
Art Association Hof
The Kunstverein Hof is located in the Art Nouveau building Theresienstein in the park of the same name and operates an exhibition and sales gallery there. In addition to promoting art in general, the main aim is to strengthen local culture. Exhibition openings are held in the gallery every six weeks. These are almost always double exhibitions; in addition to a large exhibition in four rooms, there is also a small exhibition in the "Kabinett". The art association also organizes artist talks, workshops, readings and art trips. All members work on a voluntary basis.
- Margarete Wiggen created the frog fountain in 1993.
- Gerhard Kolb: The Hofer Stadtpark at Theresienstein . 1986 Hof ISBN 3-88267-022-3
- Park maintenance works Stadtpark Theresienstein in Hof - Part A - Intensive area, Edition: Landesgartenschau Hof 1994 GmbH
- http://www.schoenste-parks.de/de_vorherigejahre02-04.htm ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.