Hans Pleydenwurff (also Pleidenwurff ) (* around 1420 probably in Bamberg ; † January 9, 1472 in Nuremberg ) was a German painter who was one of the most important representatives of the second generation of painters who introduced the innovations of the Ars Nova in Dutch painting in Central Europe recordings and further developed.
Hans's father was probably Kunz Pleydenwurff, a respected painter in Bamberg , who was also mayor of the city at times. But no work can be verified by him. His son Hans Pleydenwurff probably traveled to the Netherlands, where he was particularly influenced by the art of Rogier van der Weyden . After his return around 1455 he began his work in Bamberg, where the first work for the canon Count Löwenstein set new standards. In 1457 at the latest, Pleydenwurff moved to Nuremberg, where he opened a large and influential workshop on Burgstrasse. After his death, this workshop was taken over and continued by Michael Wolgemut , who married the widow Pleydenwurfs. His son Wilhelm Pleydenwurff († 1494 in Nuremberg), together with his stepfather Michael Wolgemut, made the woodcuts of Hartmann Schedel's World Chronicle . Another son, Sebald, settled in Eisleben , his profession is not known.
In the workshop of Pleydenwurff, important painters such as Hans Schüchlin (later in Ulm), the master of the Viennese Schottenaltar (later in Vienna) or Wolfgang Beurer got to know the new Dutch-influenced art and after they left the workshop they spread this Ars Nova with the suggestive one Spatial representation through the use of light and the constellation of people, their realistic portraits, the atmospheric wide landscapes with a color perspective and the detailed description of valuable materials.
Works (with the participation of the workshop)
- Portrait of the Bamberg canon Georg Graf Löwenstein (currently in the Germanic National Museum )
- High altar for St. Elisabeth in Breslau (1462, wing Descent from the Cross in Gm1127)
- Calvary of the Bamberg Canon Georg Graf Löwenstein ( Alte Pinakothek , Munich )
- High altar of the Bamberg Poor Clares Church (Bamberg State Gallery)
- Hofer Altar , 1465 for the St. Michaeliskirche in Hof , since 1811 in the Alte Pinakothek , Munich
- Crucifixion (1470, Alte Pinakothek , Munich )
- Robert Suckale: The renewal of the art of painting before Dürer . 2 vols. Petersberg 2009.
- Robert Suckale : Hans Pleydenwurff in Bamberg . In: Report of the historical association for the care of the history of the former prince-bishopric of Bamberg (BHVB), 120 (1984), pp. 423-438.
- Gerhard Weilandt: Pleydenwurff, Hans. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , p. 538 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Dagmar Hirschfelder: Hans Pleydenwurff and his importance for Wolgemut's work . In: Michael Wolgemut. More than Dürer's teacher. Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2019, pp. 37–45, ISBN 978-3-7954-3470-0 .
- Daniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder, Katja von Baum (eds.): The paintings of the late Middle Ages in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Franconia, Volume 1. With contributions by Katja von Baum, Lisa Eckstein, Beate Fücker, Judith Hentschel, Daniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder and others Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2019, ISBN 978-3-7954-3398-7 .
- Works by Hans Pleydenwurff at Zeno.org .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Pleidenwurff, Hans|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1420|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bamberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 9, 1472|
|Place of death||Nuremberg|