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Alpinum am Schachen near Garmisch-Partenkirchen

An alpinum (or alpine, high alpine garden ) is a special rock garden with a focus on alpine flora and plants from other high alpine regions of the world. Some of the plant collections are actually in the Alps . An alpinum consists mostly of stones or rocks and is intended to reproduce the situation in high mountains . High alpine plants are cultivated in the crevices and joints between the stone structure, but also directly in the crevices or holes in the rocks used. Most of the time, due to the contrasting growing seasons, you limit yourself to plants in the northern hemisphere. In addition to an open-air alpine park , a so-called alpine house is often operated in which plants can be cultivated all year round. Alpine plants are cultivated in an Alpine house, particularly in regions with mild winter and rainy conditions (such as Great Britain or Ireland).

The first Alpinum was  laid out in Vienna at the end of the 16th century by Carolus Clusius , Maximilian II's court botanist . The Alpinum, laid out by Anton Kerner von Marilaun in 1875 on the Blaser in Tyrol at an altitude of 2195  m , is considered the first garden in a high alpine location .

Alpine edelweiss in the Villacher Alpe alpine garden

Typical plants in an Alpinum are:

Alpine gardens and botanical gardens with an Alpinum

Alpinum in the Bielefeld Botanical Garden
Alpium in the Botanical Garden Munich-Nymphenburg

Web links

Commons : Alpinum  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Entry on Clusius, Carolus in the Austria Forum  (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
  2. Entry on Blaser in the Austria Forum  (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
  3. The Alpinum. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen - Public Relations, accessed on October 9, 2018 .