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coat of arms Germany map
Barby city coat of arms
Map of Germany, position of the city of Barby highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 58 '  N , 11 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony-Anhalt
County : Salzlandkreis
Height : 51 m above sea level NHN
Area : 152.75 km 2
Residents: 8323 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 54 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 39249,
39240 ( Breitenhagen , Groß Rosenburg, Lödderitz, Sachsendorf, Zuchau)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / zip code contains text
Primaries : 039298, 03928 (Gnadau) , 039294 (Breitenhagen, Groß Rosenburg, Lödderitz) , 039295 (Sachsendorf, Zuchau)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : SLK, ASL, BBG, SBK, SFT
Community key : 15 0 89 026

City administration address :
Market 14
39249 Barby
Website :
Mayor : Torsten Reinharz ( independent )
Location of the town of Barby in the Salzlandkreis
Barby Seeland Seeland Bördeaue Seeland Börde-Hakel Börde-Hakel Ilberstedt Borne Seeland Seeland Wolmirsleben Giersleben Seeland Güsten Plötzkau Alsleben (Saale) Nienburg (Saale) Egeln Barby Bernburg Calbe (Saale) Schönebeck (Elbe) Bördeland Könnern Hecklingen Aschersleben Staßfurtmap
About this picture

Barby is a town in the Salzlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt . Until the city was rebuilt on January 1, 2010 from the municipalities of the former Elbe-Saale administrative community (except Gnadau ), the city was called Barby (Elbe) . Gnadau was incorporated into Barby on September 1, 2010.


Mouth of the Saale

Barby lies on the left bank of the Elbe . About 3 kilometers southeast of the city the Taube flows into the Saale and this into the Elbe. The city forms the western border of the Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve . To the north-west and south-east of the city are lakes created from former gravel mining.

City structure

Barby consists of the districts Colphus, Monplaisir, Weinbergsiedlung and Zeitz as well as the following villages:

Postcode Locality Residents Districts
Breitenhagen Glinde Gnadau Groß Rosenburg Lödderitz Pömmelte Sachsendorf Tornitz Wespen Zuchau Barby SalzlandkreisDistricts of Barby.svg
About this picture
The localities of Barby
(clickable map)
39240 Breitenhagen 492 Alt Tochheim
39249 Glinde 304 -
39249 Gnadau 523 Döben
39240 Gross Rosenburg 1680 Klein Rosenburg
39240 Lödderitz 230 Rajoch
39249 Pommelled 644 New settlement and Zackmünde
39240 Saxon village 307 Patzetz
39249 Tornitz 566 Werkleitz
39249 Wasps 229 -
39240 Zuchau 318 Colno
Look at Barby

Dialect border

Barby is located immediately south of the Benrath line and thus at the transition from the High German - more precisely: the East Central German dialects to the Low German language . The Benrath line meets the Elbe here.


Barby was first mentioned on April 23, 961 in a document from King Otto I as "barbogi", which in Old High German means "place on the forestless river bend", literally: "bare arch". The city was surrounded by a wall with five city gates. Remnants of the city wall are still preserved. The Barby Territory was made an imperial county in 1497 and was owned by the Counts of Barby . These introduced the Lutheran Reformation in 1540 . After the death of the last Count of Barby in 1659, Barby fell to Duke August von Sachsen-Weißenfels , whose son Heinrich had the castle built from 1687-1715.

In 1660 Maria Kühne from Barby, called Fischer, widow of Andres Grosse, maid in the house of the ferry master Palm Gräfe, 73 years old, was involved in a witch trial as part of the witch hunt on charges of sickness . In the districts of Breitenhagen and Glinde there were another five proceedings.

For decades in the 18th century, Barby was the seat of the Evangelical Brethren Congregation (Herrnhuter Brothers Unity) and the leadership of the Moravian ’s worldwide mission . In 1749 the " Seminarium Theologicum " ( seminary ) of the Brethren was moved from Lindheim to Barby. One of the most famous students was Friedrich Schleiermacher , who attended the school from 1785 to 1787.

In October 1806 the French corps Bernadotte crossed the Elbe at Barby ("Heerstraße") on its way from Halle to Lübeck.

In the second half of the 19th century, Adolf Krummacher became the senior pastor in Barby, who became known as a hymn poet (“ Star I look at ”) and author of the student song “And when the swarm got lost”.

From 1920 the Maizena works in Barby were built.

On September 30, 1928, the Zeitz-Monplaisir manor was united with the city of Barby. The Zeitz and Monplaisir residential areas became part of the city of Barby.

At the end of the Second World War , the Protestant pastor Ludwig Fuchs, at the risk of his life, prevented the forcible capture of the city by US troops by affixing church flags and white cloths. According to another source, US ground troops captured the banks of the Elbe on April 13, 1945 after street fighting in Barby and were then able to build a bridgehead towards Zerbst on the other side of the Elbe.

Population development

In 1970 Barby had 6320 inhabitants, in 2005 there were only 4586 inhabitants.


City council

In the local elections on May 25, 2014, 20 city councilors were elected. The election resulted in the following composition of the city council:

Local election 2014
Turnout: 48.2% (2009: 37.9%)
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
f WG = groups of voters
g EB = individual applicant
town hall
Party / list Seats 2014
CDU 6th
left 2
Green 1
Groups of voters 6th
Individual applicants 2
total 20th
Barby coat of arms until 1998

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on March 25, 1998 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.

Blazon : "In blue a silver castle with tinned, black grooved walls and three towers with red, golden pinned pointed roofs; the elevated, larger central tower (guard tower) with an open arched gate, black arched window opening and three oriels with red, golden pinned roofs and black rectangular window openings , in the middle bay two, in the outer bay each one; the outer towers each with three (2: 1) black arched window openings. In front of the gate silver steps. "

The coat of arms was revised in 1998 by the Magdeburg local heraldist Jörg Mantzsch in the course of the flag approval after objection by the local authority.

Town twinning

Partnerships exist with:


Culture and sights

Manor house of the Barby domain, after 1868, Alexander Duncker collection (not identical to the castle)
Reception center in the castle (photo 1960)


Historical monument

Economy and Infrastructure


south signal box Barby
Railway bridge over the Elbe

Barby is connected to Schönebeck (Elbe) , Calbe (Saale) and the nearby Gierseilferry over the Elbe with Güterglück and the B184 .

The Barby ferry and the Breitenhagen ferry across the Elbe are connected to the Groß Rosenburg ferry across the Saale by the 3-ferry tour, a 24 km long circular route.

The only passenger station in Barby today is the Sachsendorf (b Calbe) station on the Magdeburg – Leipzig railway line , which is served hourly by regional trains. The Barby station on the Berlin – Blankenheim line was served by a regional train on the Magdeburg - Schönebeck (Elbe) - Güterglück - Bad Belzig line until 2003 . However, passenger traffic on this route has now been discontinued. The station building, which was built as a yellow brick building in the style typical of the imperial era, is increasingly falling into disrepair.

From 1884 to 1922 the Patzetz – Breitenhagen horse-drawn tram ran in what is now the city of Barby , connecting the districts of Patzetz , Groß Rosenburg, Klein Rosenburg and Breitenhagen to the Sachsendorf station.

The port of Barby is located on the Elbe in the north of the city.

Established businesses

Since the 1920s, the Maizena works Barby produced glucose and corn starch; the factory was called "VEB Maisan-Werke Barby" in the GDR. In 1993, the Cerestar company ( taken over by Cargill in 2002) built a new wheat starch plant next to the plant closed in 1992 . In addition, the Maxit Baustoffwerke company is located in Barby, which is now part of Saint-Gobain Weber . The Elbe-Saale Clinic , a rehabilitation clinic for heart and circulatory diseases, is also worth mentioning .


sons and daughters of the town

Jakob Friedrich Fries
Heinrich Mundlos

Honorary citizen

Web links

Commons : Barby, Germany  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
  2. a b StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2010
  3. Manfred Wilde: The magic and witch trials in Kursachsen , Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2003, p. 463; Monika Lücke, Dietrich Lücke: burned for their magic sake. Hunting of witches in the early modern period in the area of ​​Saxony-Anhalt . Halle 2011, pp. 95–98.
  4. Gottlieb Korschelt : History of Herrnhut . Eduard Kummer, Leipzig 1853, p. 75.
  5. Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, ZDB -ID 3766-7 , p. 213 .
  6. Gisela Reller: Between the Crosses , in: The Zero Hour, Berlin 1966, p. 88
  7. ^ Olaf Groehler : Anhalt in the air war . Dessau 1993. p. 165
  8. State Statistical Office of Saxony-Anhalt ( Memento of the original from October 31, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /