Hranice u Aše

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Coat of arms of Hranice u Aše
Hranice u Aše (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Karlovarský kraj
District : Cheb
Area : 3179.4438 ha
Geographic location : 50 ° 18 '  N , 12 ° 11'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 18 '16 "  N , 12 ° 10' 32"  E
Height: 575  m nm
Residents : 2,129 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 351 24
License plate : K (old CH)
Railway connection: Aš – Hranice
Status: city
Districts: 4th
Mayor : Miroslav Picka (as of 2018)
Address: U pošty 182
351 24 Hranice u Aše
Municipality number: 554553
Website :
Location of Hranice in the Cheb district

Hranice ([ ˈɦraɲɪt͡sɛ ˈuaʃɛ ]) ( German  Roßbach ) is a small town in the Bohemian Vogtland . Hranice is the westernmost city in the Czech Republic .


Geographical location

Hranice is located north of in the Okres Cheb des Karlovarský kraj . The town of Hranice, the Upper Franconian neighboring town of Regnitzlosau and the Saxon municipality of Eichigt (border crossing Hranice-Ebmath) are located in the Vogtland triangle of Bohemia-Bavaria-Saxony. The three municipalities are members of the Friends in the Heart of Europe association .

Community structure

Hranice consists of the districts of Hranice ( Roßbach ), Pastviny ( Friedersreuth ), Studánka ( Thonbrunn ) and Trojmezí ( Gottmannsgrün ), which also form cadastral districts. Basic development units are Hranice, Goat Hřbety ( goat jerk ), krasňany ( Pfannenstiel ) Novosedly ( Neustallung ) Pastviny, Sídliště, Studánka, Studánka-u nádraží and Trojmezí. The Císařský Hamr ( Kaiserhammer ) desert also belongs to Hranice .

Neighboring places

Regnitzlosau , Rehau Neighboring communities Adorf / Vogtl. , Bad Elster
Krásná (Schönbach b.Asch), Podhradí (Neuberg) (ash)


Aerial view of the borough
Protestant church
War memorial for the fallen of the First World War (erected in 1928)

It is believed that it was founded in the 12th century. The oldest mention of Roßbach comes from the year 1318. At that time the town belonged to the church administration of the town of Hof . The original village was on the trade route between Eger (now Cheb ) and Plauen . As early as 1413 it was reported that the population lived mostly from weaving .

The population, not open to innovations, originally successfully refused to be connected to the road network because it was feared that the place would then be easily vulnerable to military action. As a result, Roßbach initially lost its economic connection, which then ultimately led to the decline of industry.

It can be proven that in 1778 valuable woven clothes and muslins with incorporated patterns were handcrafted . In 1808, the first textile factory was set up, mainly producing for export.

In the 19th century Roßbach took a leading position in the textile industry in the region. The inhabitants, who could no longer support agriculture, found work in the textile industry.

In 1882 Roßbach was raised to a market town by Franz Josef I. During the Habsburg Monarchy, the community belonged to the judicial district of Asch or District Asch .

In 1885 the market was finally connected to the railway network via the Asch – Roßbach local railway. The route was later extended to Adorf (Vogtl.) .

In 1904 the first telephone was put into operation and in 1911 the community was connected to the power grid.

The place belonged to the newly founded Czechoslovakia since 1918 and was called Hranice ( German  border ) by the Czechs . After the Munich Agreement Hranice was the German Reich slammed and belonged until 1945 to the district Asch , Region of Eger , in the Reich District of Sudetenland .

The expulsion of the Germans after World War II led to a sharp decline in population. The original place name was deprecated.

In 1964 Hranice got city rights.

Population development

Population development until 1945
year Residents Remarks
1847 2954 in 321 houses, German, mostly Protestant residents
1869 3652
1880 3823
1890 3703
1900 4895 German, mostly Protestant residents
1910 4518
1921 3936
1930 4283
1939 4193
Population since the end of the Second World War
year 1950 1961 1 1970 1 1980 2 1991 2 2001 2 2011 2
Residents 2503 2032 2130 2428 2280 2266 2096
1 Hranice with Trojmezí
2 Hranice with Trojmezí, Pastviny and Studánka

Culture and sights


  • F. A. Hendel's factory, built in 1908 and now a museum


sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Hranice u Aše  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  6. Johann Gottfried Sommer : The Kingdom of Bohemia . Volume 15: Elbogner Kreis , Prague 1847, p. 372, paragraph 14.
  7. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 17, Leipzig and Vienna 1909, p. 159, Roßbach 2).
  8. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Asch district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).