Valy u Mariánských Lázní
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Karlovarský kraj|
|Area :||430.1795 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||478 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||353 01|
|License plate :||K (old CH)|
|Railway connection:||Plzeň – Cheb|
|Mayor :||Quido Vlk (as of 2018)|
|Address:||V Lukách 21
353 01 Mariánské Lázně 1
|Location of Valy in the Cheb district|
The place is located on the southern edge of the Kaiserwald at 555 m above sea level. M. at the confluence of the creeks Bahnitý potok ( Kothüllbach ), Jelení potok ( Hirschbach ) and Srnčí potok ( Rehbach ) in the Kosí potok ( Amselbach ). To the east rises the 700 m high Srnčí hřbet ( Rehknock ).
The village was built after the Thirty Years' War on the Koenigswarter Pass, a crossing point of the old country roads to Plan and Eger . In 1618, after being appointed captain of Elbogen , Nikolaus von Globen had the pass occupied by his Palatine flagjunkers and armed forces. According to another version, Christoph Heinrich von Zedtwitz on Königswart is seen as the founder, who had a fish pond built there in the same year. After his death in 1621 his property was confiscated and a year later sold to the five Metternich brothers . Between 1643 and 1644, the imperial family held the road and the pass.
The first news about the settlement of the Alte Schanz comes from 1670; the settlers probably came from Haselhof ( Lískovec ). In 1678 there were three houses there, in 1692 there were four. By 1788 the Alte Schanz had grown to 37 houses, in which between 250 and 300 people lived. From the war maps of Emperor Joseph II it can be seen that the old stone entrenchments have been preserved. They were demolished in the second half of the 19th century and used as building material to build houses. In 1826 the construction of the road from Pilsen to Eger began ; In 1872 the Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Bahn started operations without the town being stopped at first. This was not created until 1933.
After the patrimonial rule was replaced , the place name was changed to Schanz in 1848 , whereby the community belonged to the judicial district of Bad Königswart . In 1880 Schanz became self-employed, the single-tier Jägerhaus and Waldfrieden still belonged to the community . In 1889 the volunteer fire brigade was founded; electricity had been available in the village since 1913.
The train stop was destroyed during the Second World War. In 1946 the Germans were expelled. A year later the place name was changed from Šance to Valy ; rail traffic began again. In 1968 the school was closed. In 1976 Valy came to Marienbad and lost his independence. It got this back after 1990.