|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Karlovarský kraj|
|Area :||1806.3243 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||123 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||353 01|
|License plate :||K (old CH)|
|Street:||Mariánské Lázně - Teplá|
|Railway connection:||Mariánské Lázně – Karlovy Vary|
|Mayor :||Aurelie Skřivanová (as of 2018)|
|Address:||Ovesné Kladruby 16
353 01 Mariánské Lázně 1
|Location of Ovesné Kladruby in the Cheb district|
Ovesné Kladruby is located south of the Imperial Forest in the Tepler Highlands . To the north-west rises the 847 m high Podhorní vrch , the area of which was already geognostically described by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe . In the northeast lies the Podhora drinking water reservoir, which is fed by the Teplá .
No districts are designated for the municipality of Ovesné Kladruby. Basic settlement units are Ovesné Kladruby ( Habakladrau ) and Vysočany ( Wischezahn ).
The municipality is divided into the cadastral districts of Ovesné Kladruby and Vysočany u Ovesných Kladrub.
Neighboring towns are Horní Kramolín in the northeast, Mrázov in the east, Bezvěrov in the southeast, Výškovice and Pístov in the south, Martinov in the southwest, Vlkovice and Milhostov in the west and Zádub and Závišín in the northwest.
Since 1242 there was a parish station for the surrounding villages in the place. First documented the existence of the property of the convent Tepl associated village Avenatika Cladruna (from Latin avena = oats;. See also Czech oves = oats; Klady cases robots = strains woodcutter village, s. Kladrau ) 1273 occupied. The Habakladrau parish had been in existence since 1363 and consisted of the villages Habakladrau, Abaschin , Hohendorf , Müllestau, Wischezahn and Wischkowitz.
The monastery granted the village several privileges , including the inheritance of properties under German law, brewing rights and lower jurisdiction. On April 25, 1611 a major fire destroyed part of the village with the church; in the same year 130 residents died of the plague within four months. In the 17th century there were plans to acquire the status of a market, a town or even city rights. In 1717 the monastery withdrew the right to freely inherit the farms from the town.
After the replacement of the patrimonial Habakladrau was in 1849 part of the district Tepl . In 1882 the place consisted of 73 houses in which 501 inhabitants lived. With the establishment of the Marienbad judicial district in 1888, Habakladrau belonged to it. With the construction of the Marienbad – Karlsbad branch line in 1898, the town received a railway connection.
After the Second World War, the German-Bohemian population was expelled. As a result, there was an increased influx of Czechs from the interior, Slovaks, repatriates and Roma.
In 1960 it was incorporated into Mariánské Lázně; since November 24, 1990, Ovesné Kladruby is again an independent municipality.
Culture and sights
- Parish church of St. Laurentius, built from 1746 to 1748 in place of the ruins that existed after the fire of 1611
- Rectory, built in 1830
- The old train station of the place
- Heimatbuch Marienbad Stadt und Land. Volume II. Several authors. Published by the Heimatverband der Marienbader Stadt und Land e. V.
- Chronicle of the Sudeten German town of Müllestau. Editing and compilation by Josef Heinrich. Published by the Rud. Schweinitzer, Franz Egerer, Karl Benedikt and Josef Heinrich, 1983
- Church district Habakladrau with the places Abaschin, Hohendorf, Müllestau, Wischezahn, Wischkowitz in the Tepler highlands. Multiple authors. Published by the Heimatverband der Marienbader - Stadt und Land e. V. in the series Marienbader Schriften; New edition 2007
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Johannes Baier: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and the Podhorn (Podhorní vrch; Czech Republic) - Z. geol. Wiss., 41, 21-28; Berlin, 2013.