Lipová u Chebu
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Karlovarský kraj|
|Area :||4576 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||744 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||350 02|
|License plate :||K (old CH)|
|Railway connection:||Plzeň – Cheb|
|Mayor :||Vladimír Duda (as of 2018)|
350 02 Cheb 2
|Location of Lipová in the Cheb district|
The municipality Lipová consists of the districts
- Dolní Lažany ( Unterlosau )
- Dolní Lipina ( Unterlindau )
- Doubrava ( Taubrath )
- Horní Lažany ( Oberlosau )
- Lipová ( Lindenhau ) with Žirnice ( Neuhaus )
- Mechová ( Mies )
- Mýtina (Altalbenreuth) with Horní Lipina ( Oberlindau ), Kozly ( Gosel ), Oldřichov ( Ulrichsgrün ) and Rovinka ( Boden ),
- Palič ( Palitz )
- Stebnice ( Stabnitz )
Basic settlement units are Dolní Lažany, Dolní Lipina, Doubrava, Horní Lažany, Horní Lipina, Kozly, Lipová, Mechová, Mýtina, Mýtina I, Oldřichov, Palič and Stebnice.
The municipal area is divided into the cadastral districts of Dolní Lažany u Lipové, Dolní Lipina, Doubrava u Lipové, Horní Lažany u Lipové, Horní Lipina, Kozly u Lipové, Lipová u Chebu, Mechová, Mýtina, Mýtina I, Oldřichice uč and Lipové, Stebn Pali uč and Lipové,
A place Lintich (Linth, Lyntich, Lindau) has been traceable since 1299 and was located on a hill above a 440 hectare forest area, which existed until the 17th century and was between the Lindauer Bach (Rohrbach) and the Stabnitzer Bach Losau and Stabnitz, extended. This forest was bought by the lords of Metternich , who after 1620 had received the manorial rule Königswart in western Bohemia during the Thirty Years' War and who settled at Königswart Castle ; a manor should be built and taxable farmers settled there. The clearing of the forest began around 1700. The surrounding villages used the areas created by Hau as pasture for cattle and called them "on the Lyntich-Hau", which led to the origin of the place name Lindenhau. The Metternich administration hoped for the income from future subjects and, with rapid success, gave the new settlers cheap, often free land. 88 hectares of the forest remained in the ownership of the princely family.
"Lindenhau ad Dominatio Königs-Wart" is already entered on Müller's map of the Eger area from 1719 and in 1788 had 33 farms. The settlement took place according to plan in three north-south facing rows on a gradually sloping area from south to north. This was favorable to agriculture, especially fruit and oat cultivation, but difficult to obtain water; some of the wells only reached drinking water at a depth of 35 meters.
The place Lindenhau belonged at the time of its creation at the beginning of the 18th century to the parish of Treunitz ; in 1786 the southern half of the village came to the parish of Palitz. The village children were taught in a hiking school, according to tradition, girls did not attend classes. After 1826 a school and a poor house were set up in house no. In 1871, children from Unterlindau came there after the building was enlarged. Since 1910 the pupils have been given lessons in reading, writing, singing and religion in two classes in a new building. In 1871 the place became a stop on a railway line to Pilsen and Prague named after Emperor Franz Joseph I of Habsburg-Lorraine . In the period that followed, two station buildings and a brick factory were built in the possession of the Metternich princes, the main employer of the town and the surrounding area. In 1912 ten farmers from Lindenhau bought a threshing device with a petrol engine and founded a threshing community that existed until 1939. Until 1945 the place had no electricity connection; Kerosene lamps, candles and pine shavings provided light in the dark.
At that time the community Lindenhau had the districts Lindenhau and Schirnitz. In 1930 there were 349 inhabitants in Lindenhau and in 1947 there were 212. The house and property were nationalized in favor of Czechoslovakia after 1945 and the German-speaking residents were forced to leave the place due to the Beneš decrees and mostly came to the Upper Palatinate as expellees . A large part of the rural square courtyards built in the Egerland half-timbered house style fell into disrepair or was demolished. In place of the farms no. 42, 15, 21 a collective farm administration with farm buildings for cultivating the fields and meadows with the incorporation of other places. Villas were built in place of courtyards no. 23, 26, 27, 29 and 45, the road from Lipová to Stebnice was relocated and a new road bridge was built between house no. 51 and no. 69 over the railway line Plzeň – Cheb .
- Lindenhau / Lipova. In: Egerer Landtag eV Heimatverband für Eger Stadt und Land (Hrsg.): Heimatkreis Eger - history of a German landscape in documentations and memories. Amberg in der Oberpfalz 1981, pp. 385–387, with a cartographic overview plan of the place from the time before 1945 and the names of the homeowners at the time.
- Lindenhau / Lipova. In: Lorenz Schreiner (Ed.): Monuments in Egerland - Documentation of a German cultural landscape between Bavaria and Bohemia . with the participation of the State Archives in Cheb / Eger under J. Bohac as well as Viktor Baumgarten, Roland Fischer, Erich Hammer, Ehrenfried John and Heribert Sturm . Amberg in der Oberpfalz 2004. On page 35 a print of Müller's map from 1719 in the British Museum in London.
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- (Original in the British Museum in London)