Doubrava u Lipové
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Karlovarský kraj|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||41 (March 1, 2009)|
Taubrath was first mentioned in a document in 1313 when Arnold, canon in Prague and clergyman in Königsberg an der Eger ( Kynšperk nad Ohří ), mediated a dispute between the Commandery of the Teutonic Order in Eger and the Hospital of the Order of the Cross and the Teutonic Order the income from the village of Taubra was guaranteed. Taubra appears in the archives of the Order of the Cross with the place names "Tauber" and "Taubenhof".
These changing forms of writing of the place name continue through the centuries and contain the basic word Tawrik or Towrik, which was also used in field names and indicates a forgotten place for ore smelting or a lost castle. The "Tawrikgaß" was a road to Altalbenreuth, a meadow to Unterlosau was called the "Tawrikwies" and the meadow landscape towards Stabnitz was called the "Tomrik". Secure place names of Taubrath are in 1313 "Taubra", 1322 "Tauberat", 1392 "Taverat", 1395 "Tawbrat", 1350 "Taubra", 1798 "Taubarat", 1842 to 1945 "Taubrath", "Tauwaraad", "Tawrik" "And after 1945" Doubrava ".
The claw tax book of the city of Eger from 1392 contains the first nine personal names in Taubrath. The draft book from 1395 names nine peasants who were required to serve. In 1606 the Order of the Holy Cross sold the village of Taubrath and its income to the councilor Wolfgang Bayer in Eger and the farmers of the village were under the authority of the city of Eger until 1848.
In 1780 cobalt - manganese ore was found in fields near Taubrath , which was then called "Black Earth Kobold". There was a suspicion of this ore and mining existed until the 19th century, the pits of which were abandoned when no pure cobalt ore was found.
Taubrath came to the parish Altalbenreuth ( Mýtina in Czech ) through a parish order of 1850 and belonged to the parish of Palitz with seven other localities. Before that she was a parish village in the parish of Neualbenreuth from 1787 . After the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), the German-speaking residents of Taubrath were forced to leave the place by the Beneš decrees and mostly came to Bavaria as expellees .
In 1991 the place had 56 inhabitants. In 2001 the village consisted of 19 houses in which 41 people lived.
Culture and sights
Several Egerland half-timbered buildings with magnificently designed house facades, characteristic of the Egerland , which have been preserved to this day. Most of these square courtyards were renovated in the years following the opening of the border to Bavaria in 1990. In one of the courtyards there is a private open-air museum, in which, in addition to the architecture, agricultural implements and typical furnishings are shown.
- Michael Rustler Edler von Neuenacker , born in Taubrat No. 9 in 1858, died in Vienna in 1948, k. And k. Major general in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy , elevated to the Austro-Hungarian nobility with the title Edler von Neuenacker , diploma Vienna, August 19, 1918 (Peter Frank Döfering: Adelslexikon des Österreichischen Kaisertums , Vienna 1989; Sölch from Zettendorf, Eger district in Bohemia , Volume 214 (58th general volume), German Gender , 2002, CA Starke Verlag Limburg an der Lahn, p. 1018, ISBN 3-7980-0214-2 , ); Zettendorf is today's Cetnov , a district of Cheb ; Josef Weinmann: Egerländer Biographical Lexicon with selected people from the former administrative district of Eger, Volume 2, Bayreuth 1987, ISBN 3-922808-12-3 , p. 125; Egerer Zeitung, pp. 246, 247 (1966)
- Egerer Landtag eV (ed.): Taubrath / Doubrava . In: Heimatkreis Eger - history of a German landscape in documentations and memories , Amberg in der Oberpfalz 1981, pages 481 to 483 with a map of the place from 1945 with 33 house numbers and the family names of the house owners at the time. With a foreword by Lorenz Schreiner
- Otto Wilfing: Chronicle of Taubrath, Oberlosau and Unterlosau . Archive of the Egerland Culture House in Marktredwitz .