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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Teuschnitz
Map of Germany, position of the city of Teuschnitz highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 24 '  N , 11 ° 23'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Franconia
County : Kronach
Management Community : Teuschnitz
Height : 614 m above sea level NHN
Area : 34.26 km 2
Residents: 1973 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 58 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 96358
Area code : 09268
License plate : KC, SAN
Community key : 09 4 76 180
City structure: 4 districts

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 38
96358 Teuschnitz
Website : www.teuschnitz.de
Mayor : Frank Jakob (FW)
Location of the city of Teuschnitz in the district of Kronach
Langenbacher Forst Birnbaum (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Hof Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Lichtenfels Thüringen Ludwigsstadt Weißenbrunn Marktrodach Tettau (Oberfranken) Schneckenlohe Mitwitz Küps Nordhalben Wilhelmsthal Tschirn Teuschnitz Steinbach am Wald Reichenbach (Landkreis Kronach) Wallenfels Stockheim (Oberfranken) Steinwiesen Pressig Kronachmap
About this picture
Historical view of the city, created before 1844
Teuschnitz from the east
City parish church of the Assumption
Main street with a square in front of the town hall

Teuschnitz is a town in the Upper Franconian district of Kronach in Bavaria . It is the seat of the Teuschnitz administrative community .


Geographical location

The town of Teuschnitz is located in the Franconian Forest Nature Park near the Rennsteig , about 22 kilometers north of the district town of Kronach . The Franconian Marienweg runs through Teuschnitz .

City structure

Teuschnitz consists of the core city and the following three districts:

Neighboring communities

Starting in the north, the following municipalities border the city of Teuschnitz in a clockwise direction: Lehesten , Reichenbach , Tschirn , Wilhelmsthal , Pressig , Steinbach am Wald and Ludwigsstadt .


Until the 19th century

Teuschnitz was first mentioned in a document in 1187, when the Bamberg Bishop Otto II handed over the wasteland "Tuschice", which dates back to a Slavic foundation, to the Langheim monastery . The abbey was supposed to promote the development of the region in the north of the Bamberg diocese, which was then still covered by dense forest and largely unpopulated . After Langheim had risen to become one of the wealthiest monasteries in Nordgau in the following two centuries , the abbey ran into economic difficulties in the 1380s and had to sell part of its possessions to the diocese of Bamberg. This also included the Eigen Teuschnitz, which now comprises around 25 villages and settlements, and which again became the property of the Bamberg bishops on September 18, 1388.

The exact time at which Teuschnitz was granted market rights is not known; however, it can be roughly defined by means of two documents from the years 1250, when the place was still called “village”, and 1329, when Teuschnitz was already called “market”. The year 1390 as the date of the city ​​elevation is only indirectly documented, as a corresponding document is missing. However, there are several documents from various Bamberg prince-bishops in which the granting of city rights by Prince-Bishop Lamprecht von Brunn in 1390 is confirmed.

In the Peasants' War of 1525, farmers from the Teuschnitz office, but not from the city, took part in the uprisings. After their suppression, the Teuschnitz office was sentenced to a fine of 700 guilders by Prince-Bishop Weigand von Redwitz , who was in the city on August 7, 1529  . During the Second Margrave War (1552–1554) Teuschnitz was forced several times by the troops of Albrecht II Alcibiades , Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach , to pay higher sums of money in order to prevent the city from being plundered. In addition, citizens from the city and office in Kulmbach were held prisoner as pledge. The city, whose citizens had made a name for themselves by their almost militant Protestantism towards the end of the 16th century, was established under the Bamberg prince-bishop Neidhardt von Thüngen (ruled 1591–1598) and under his successor Johann Philipp von Gebsattel (ruled 1599–1609) completely re-Catholicized. During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), the office and the city of Teuschnitz, which were on the border with the Protestant Duchy of Saxony, were repeatedly plundered by troops from both sides. Large parts of the now Catholic city were repeatedly destroyed by fires set by the Protestant troops.

As a result of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , the city of Teuschnitz, together with the remaining areas of the Bamberg Monastery, became the property of the Electorate of Bavaria .

Teuschnitz was the seat of the district office of Teuschnitz after the Bavarian administrative reform from 1862 to 1880 and again from 1888 .

Fire disasters

Several times parts of the city of Teuschnitz were destroyed in major fires . On the afternoon of August 13, 1616, the place was said to have been practically completely destroyed between 3 and 4 p.m. as a result of an arson . Only the church building and the schoolhouse were spared from the flames. The Bamberg prince-bishop Johann Gottfried I von Aschhausen visited the city a few days later, had food and clothing brought in for the Teuschnitz people and allowed them to cut the wood they needed to rebuild the city in the prince-bishop's forests.

Just a few years later, during the Thirty Years' War on June 7th, 1632, Teuschnitz was attacked by Protestant troops, plundered and in large parts burned down. Among other things, the office building, the church, as well as the parish and town hall were destroyed.

The third major fire occurred on the night of June 4, 1844. With the exception of the church, the schoolhouse and the castle, which no longer exists, all of the city's buildings were destroyed. The next fire disaster followed on the morning of May 14, 1911, when a fire, fanned by strong winds, burned down 33 houses, 11 barns and 20 outbuildings by evening.

One of the greatest fire disasters occurred in 1929 when a fire broke out in Main Street shortly after midnight on the morning of September 2nd. The fire started on the west side of the street, opposite the then district office building (Hauptstraße 30), and spread quickly to the north. The fire was finally extinguished by the fire brigades of the city of Teuschnitz and the surrounding communities, which were later supported by the fire brigade of the city of Kronach. Nevertheless, 59 houses, 37 barns and 19 outbuildings were destroyed in the fire.

In another major fire on March 26, 1933, the south-eastern part of the city was destroyed. The last fire disaster to date occurred in June 1968 when two garages and six barns burned down.

Administrative community

Together with the communities Reichenbach and Tschirn forms Teuschnitz since May 1, 1978, the administrative community Teuschnitz .


As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the municipality of Rappoltengrün was incorporated on January 1, 1975. The places Haßlach and Wickendorf followed on January 1, 1978. In 1987 the community had 2,485 inhabitants. 30 years later the number had dropped to 1978.

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population fell from 2,470 to 2,000 by 470 or 19%. On December 31, 1990, Teuschnitz had 2607 inhabitants.


The local elections in 2002, 2008 , 2014 and 2020 produced the following results:


2002 2008 2014 2020
elected Gabriele Weber (CSU) Gabriele Weber (CSU) Gabriele Weber (CSU) Frank Jakob (independent for FW)
Candidates Weber (CSU), Förtsch (SPD) Weber (CSU), Körner (SPD) Weber (CSU), Körner (SPD) Neubauer (CSU), Jakob (independent for FW), Bayer (SPD), Daum ("MiM")

City council

Party / list 2002 2008 2014 2020
Seats Seats Seats Share of votes Seats
CSU 07th n / A n / A - -
SPD / list of women 05 n / A n / A - -
Free community of voters 02 n / A n / A - -
CSU / Free Voting Community n / A 09 08th 37.5% 5
SPD n / A 04th 03 12.9% 2
Free voters n / A n / A 01 35.4% 5
List of women n / A 01 02 8.8% 1
ÜWG "Focus on people" n / A n / A n / A 5.4% 1
total 14th 14th 14th 100% 14th

coat of arms

The description of the coat of arms reads: In red a silver crenellated wall with two arched windows, in between a golden shield, inside a red armored black lion covered with a silver sloping bar; above the wall two silver towers with blue tent roofs and two side oriels on the upper floor with blue pointed roofs.

Architectural monuments


Bamberg Zweidler plan from 1602

Honorary citizen

  • Mayor Josef Förtsch (December 3, 1979)
  • Mayor Johann Martin (December 3, 1979)
  • Entrepreneur Eux Stocke (June 25, 1985)
  • Archbishop Karl Braun (January 10, 2001)
  • Mayor Josef Rebhan (September 30, 2002)

sons and daughters of the town




  • Stadtkapelle Teuschnitz e. V.
  • Wickendorfer Musikanten e. V.


  • TSV Teuschnitz (football, table tennis)
  • ASC Teuschnitz (Triathlon)
  • SV Wickendorf (soccer)


Web links

Commons : Teuschnitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Teuschnitz  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b c Alexander Grahl: Teuschnitz and the "voracious element". inFranken.de, May 3, 2020, accessed on May 4, 2020 .
  3. a b Gerd Fleischmann: Everything was lost overnight . In: New Press Coburg . August 24, 2019, p. 18 .
  4. a b Gerd Fleischmann: 72 families were left with nothing. inFranken.de, August 26, 2019, accessed on November 24, 2019 .
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 689 f .
  6. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 312 ( digitized version ).
  7. ^ Municipalities - election results of the local elections | District of Kronach. Retrieved March 15, 2020 .
  8. ^ Election of the first mayor, city of Teuschnitz. March 15, 2020, accessed March 15, 2020 .
  9. Full backing for Frank Jakob. Retrieved March 15, 2020 .
  10. Daum wants to be Weber's successor. Retrieved March 15, 2020 .
  11. Frank Jakob in the executive chair straight away. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
  12. German Biography: Zweidler, Peter - German biography. Retrieved March 7, 2020 .