|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Zealand|
|BFS no. :||0494|
|Postal code :||3238|
|Height range :||427-596 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||7.84 km²|
|Residents:||827 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||89 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The municipal area comprises parts of the Zih level with the Zihl Canal and the Jolimont , at the north-western foot of which the main settlement is located. The western and northern municipal boundaries are formed by the Zihl Canal, which is also the canton border between the canton of Bern and the canton of Neuchâtel. To the south, from west to east, are the communities of Gampelen , Tschugg and Erlach . On the east side of the municipal area, it meets Lake Biel . On the other side of the Zihl, the municipalities of La Tène , Cornaux , Cressier and Le Landeron join from west to east . Today's municipal area was created as a result of the first correction of the Jura waters , whereby the borders were also shifted.
The area has been settled for a long time. To date, three Neolithic river bank settlements have been found, which are at least partially located in today's municipal area. A large Bronze Age village could also be identified. On the Jolimont there are burial mounds from the Bronze and Iron Ages . A burial ground from the younger Iron Age was also found. At Niederhölzli there was already a bridge over the Zihl in the Iron Age, this was renewed several times and collapsed in the 1st century BC. It has to be assumed from the found road sections that there was a Roman bridge. However, this was not indicated on the occasion of the Jura water corrections . There was also a bridge at Zihlbrücke since the Iron Age, where the Roman bridge has been proven. The municipality must have been inhabited during Roman times, diagonally across the Zihlseite near Wavre was a Roman place. The traces found point to a bridgehead settlement or a group of manors. A grave field originates from the time of the Great Migration, which is located on the Ruefgumme east of the village. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the St. Johannsen Abbey was given manorial status over Gals in several steps. With the Reformation, the abbey became the Landvogtei St.Johannsen. This only included the community of Gals. It was not until 1551 that the villagers were released from serfdom. With the dissolution of the Helvetic Republic in 1803, the Vogtei was not restored, but added to the Erlach district.
The place name Gals probably comes from pre-Romanesque times. The French name Chules is no longer used today.
- Former St. Johannsen Abbey (today it houses the St. Johannsen Action Center)
- Thielle Castle
Mayor is Bruno Dorner (as of 2017).
- Luc Mojon: The former Benedictine Abbey of St. Johannsen near Erlach. In: Archeology of Switzerland. 3, 1980, online . , pp. 126-131,
- Andres Moser: The art monuments of the canton of Bern. Landband 2: The Erlach district, the Nidau district. Part 1. Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Wiese, Basel 1998, (Art Monuments of Switzerland, Volume 90). ISBN 3-909164-63-3 . Pp. 121-196.
- Official website of the municipality of Gals
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Gals. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- Municipal Council | Gals community. Retrieved October 10, 2017 .
- Results of the community of Gals. State Chancellery of the Canton of Bern, October 20, 2019, accessed on August 6, 2020 .