|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Zealand|
|BFS no. :||0303|
|Postal code :||3257 Grossaffoltern
|UN / LOCODE :||CH GRO (Grossaffoltern)
CH SBE (Suberg)
|Height range :||457-583 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||15.08 km²|
|Residents:||3018 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||200 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||Niklaus Marti ( BDP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Grossaffoltern is located near Lyss in the Bernese Seeland . Grossaffoltern includes the villages and hamlets of Suberg, Ammerzwil, Vorimholz, Chaltebrünne, Weingarten, Kosthofen and Ottiswil as well as several individual farms and farm groups.
Grossaffoltern has almost 3040 inhabitants (as of 2019).
Finds of stone or bronze axes date from the end of the Neolithic and the early Bronze Age . Several burial mounds outside the present-day localities document a settlement by the Celts in the 7th century BC. The presence of the Romans between the 1st and 4th centuries AD is also documented by archaeological finds. A row grave field in Kosthofen dates from the time of the Great Migration (5th and 6th centuries AD).
The documentary mention of a Petrus, Meier zu Affoltern, in 1216 is the oldest surviving document about Grossaffoltern. At that time the place belonged to the Counts of Kyburg , in whose land register from the middle of the thirteenth century (1261-1263) the income of Affolterra or Affoltron is listed. In 1402 Countess Anna von Nidau, the widow of Count Hartmann von Kyburg, sold Burg und Herrschaft Oltingen , to which Affolterra also belonged, to the Bernese citizen Hugo Burkart von Mömpelgart . The county was sold by his widow to Count Conrad von Freiburg and then became the property of the city of Bern.
In 1383, Countess Anna von Nidau awarded the church set to the Klingenthal convent in Kleinbasel , which in 1416 ceded it to the Frienisberg Abbey . With the Reformation, Frienisberg came to Bern, along with the church set and tithes, from Affoltern, whose council now occupied the parish that belonged to the Büren chapter . In 1413, the Bernese government released Affoltern from serfdom for 330 guilders.
The name (Gross-) Affoltern is derived from the Old High German apholtra / apfultra or affalterun , which means for apple trees and is composed of afal or aful (apple) and tra (tree - Gothic triu, English tree). In 1216 the place was first mentioned as Affoltron .
The largest employer is the Hauert fertilizer factory .
The community is known for its stork colony . The Längmoos nature reserve has a great diversity of species (dragonflies, insects, amphibians, birds, plants).
- Ernst Marti (pastor) (1871–1955), pastor and writer
- Gustav Hans Graber (1893–1982), psychologist and psychoanalyst born in Vorimholz
- Walter Schär (1926–2009), industrial designer, professor at the University of Auburn USA (1960–1992)
- Ruedi Baumann (* 1947), National Councilor (Greens) and
- Stephanie Baumann (* 1951), National Councilor (SP) were the first couple in Switzerland to be married to the National Council
- Simon Baumann (* 1979), filmmaker and son of Ruedi and Stephanie Baumann. Made his village known to the general public through the documentary For example Suberg .
- Kilian Baumann (* 1980), National Councilor (Greens) and son of Ruedi and Stephan Baumann.
- Ernst Marti: From the history of the church Grossaffoltern 1513–1988. 1988.
- Jürg Eberle: History of the community Grossaffoltern. 1996.
- Website of the community of Grossaffoltern
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Grossaffoltern. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- Archives for Swiss History. Edited by the General History Research Society of Switzerland. Volume 12, Zurich 1858, pp. 162 and 166 ( books.google.com ).
- J. Ludwig Wurstemberger. History of the old Bern landscape. Volume 2, Bern 1862, p. 129 note 2 and p. 181 ff. ( Books.google.com , books.google.com ).
- Documents on the history of the Counts of Freiburg. In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine. Volume 21, Issue 1.1868, p. 195 ( books.google.com ).
- Albert Jahn: Chronicle or historical, local and statistical description of the Canton of Bern, old part, in alphabetical order, from the oldest times to the present: according to the most reliable sources. Bern / Zurich 1857, pp. 58–60 ( books.google.com ).
- Julius Studer: Swiss place names: a historical-etymological attempt. Zurich 1896. p. 49.
- Heinrich Türler, Marcel Godet, Victor Attinger, Hans Tribolet: Historisch-biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz. 1934.
- Results of the community of Grossaffoltern. State Chancellery of the Canton of Bern, October 20, 2019, accessed on August 13, 2020 .
- Professor Emeritus Walter Schaer. Auburn University, accessed January 6, 2019 .