Heinrich von Thun

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Heinrich II. Von Thun (*?; † February 17, 1238 in Basel) was bishop of the diocese of Basel and prince-bishop of the duchy of Basel from 1216 to 1238 and a great patron of the city of Basel .


The baronial von Thun family comes from the Bernese Oberland , where Heinrich grew up. After the dismissal of Bishop Walther von Rötteln , he was elected as his successor in 1216 and ascended to the bishopric of Basel.

But he soon made enemies in the city when he succeeded in revoking the council privilege of the city of Basel, which had been granted to the city of Basel a few years earlier by King Friedrich II, on September 13, 1218, and no council could be established without the consent of the bishop could.

Bishop Heinrich von Thun went down in Basel city history with the construction of the first Basel Rhine Bridge, today's Middle Rhine Bridge . This bridge is mentioned for the first time in two documents from 1225, according to which Heinrich exempted the monasteries of St. Blaise and Bürglen from the bridge toll because they had supported the construction with financial means.

Heinrich von Thun also allowed the two mendicant orders of the Franciscans (barefooters) and the Dominicans (preachers) to found monasteries in Basel .

The late Romanesque construction of the Basel Minster was also completed under Bishop Heinrich . After his death he was buried in their crypt .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franziska Hälg-Steffen: Thun, von (barons). In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz .; not to be confused with the ministerial family von Thun.
predecessor Office successor
Walther von Rötteln Bishop of Basel
Lüthold II of Rötteln