Rudolfinian house rules

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The Rudolfinische Hausordnung was a family contract dated November 18, 1364, which established the common property of the Habsburg lands between Rudolf IV. , Albrecht III. and Leopold III. regulated.

Since 1355, according to Albrecht II's house law, in theory all male Habsburgs ruled under one hand, which should affect the oldest as well as the youngest. The stalls were responsible for checking compliance with the law. With the Privilegium maius, however , the eldest son of Albrecht II, Rudolf IV, wanted to change his father's house law. Now the oldest Habsburg was granted a supremacy, which, contrary to the original intention of his father, gave Rudolf IV more power personally. It is reported that Rudolf openly showed this “better position” towards his two brothers who were still alive, for example when he described himself as Archduke , but his brothers “only” as dukes.

Since Rudolf's marriage remained childless until 1364, only his brothers Albrecht III came to succeed him. and Leopold III. in question. The Rudolfinian house rules now regulated, based on the contract from 1355, that the existing and future lordships are to be governed undivided and by common hands in peace. Accordingly, every male Habsburg should also bear the title of all countries in his name. In spite of all this, for example, the representation of Austria to the outside world or the collection of taxes was incumbent on the elder, which meant that a certain special status remained.

The Rudolfinische Hausordnung remained in force for only 15 years until the division of the Habsburg lands in 1379 by the Treaty of Neuberg .

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