Stanislaus of Cracow

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Stanislaus of Krakow, panel painting , 16th century

Stanislaus von Krakau , German also Stanislaus von Szczepanów, also Szczepański and Rurykowicz , as well as Polish Stanisław ze Szczepanowa or Stanisław Szczepanowski (* around 1030 in Szczepanów ; †  April 11, 1079 in Kraków ), was Bishop of Kraków in Poland and is considered one of the Polish national saint.


He came from a Polish nobility family and visited several cathedral schools in Gniezno , Cracow and Paris or Liege . In 1062 he came to Krakow, where he became canon in 1063 . In 1072 he was appointed Bishop of Krakow.

In the spring of 1079, the Polish King Bolesław II was so angry that he was sentenced to death because of a provocation by Bishop Stanisław that has not been recorded. Whether he had him executed or executed himself cannot be proven from contemporary sources.

About a century after this incident, the bishop and historian Wincenty Kadłubek reports in more detail in his Chronica Polonorum and paints the following picture:

Stanisław would have admonished the Polish king Bolesław II for his infidelity towards his wife, but the king would have ignored the request and confiscated church property. Stanisław then excommunicated him . The dispute escalated and Bolesław II passed the death sentence on the bishop. The knights had refused to execute it and the king then carried it out personally. On April 11, 1079, Bolesław II appeared during mass in the Michaeliskirche Kraków and killed the bishop at the altar with the sword and dismembered. He had the body parts scattered in the open field.

Again it is certain that there was a popular uprising because of the execution and that Bolesław II fled to Hungary , later to Ossiach , where he was buried near the collegiate church.

Assassination of Stanislaus of Krakow, Jan Matejko

Investigations of the relics showed that the bishop's body was not mutilated, but it was most likely killed. Evidence for this are bone fractures on Stanisław's skull.

Stanisław was canonized by Pope Innocent IV in 1253 . In 1979 Pope John Paul II commemorated the feast of St. John with his Apostolic Letter “Rutilans Agmen” . Stanislaus (April 11th) raised to a bid.

Remembrance day

A weather rule applies in Bavaria :

  • "When St. Stanislaus approaches, roll out the potatoes ".


During the Battle of Tannenberg in 1410, St. Stanisław is said to have hovered over the Polish-Lithuanian army and thus led the warriors to victory over the Teutonic Order .

See also


Web links

Commons : Stanislaus of Krakow  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Yahoo! Groups. Retrieved May 19, 2017 .
  2. cf. E. Mühle: The Piasts p. 36
  3. cf. E. Mühle: The Piasts ibid
predecessor Office successor
Lambert II. Suła Bishop of Cracow
Lambert III.