Adelheid of Turin

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Adelheid von Turin (* between 1047 and 1053; † beginning of 1079 at the fortress Hohentwiel ) was a daughter of Count Otto von Savoyen and Adelheid von Susa , as well as the sister of Queen Bertha , wife of Emperor Heinrich IV . She is widely considered to be Bertha’s younger sister, which would mean that she cannot have been born before 1052.

According to the European family tables , Adelheid was married to Guigues I. Comte d'Albon . She would then have been the mistress of the county that is considered the only one that her mother, as a widow, could not keep under her rule. However, this is extremely unlikely, since Adelheid married Rudolf von Rheinfelden , the Duke of Swabia, between 1060 and 1062, i.e. when he was probably no more than ten years old . It is completely impossible that she was the mother of Guigue's sons, since the younger of the two was born in 1025.

Adelheid had three daughters with Rudolf. The oldest is likely to be Agnes, who married Berthold von Zähringen in 1079 and probably gave birth to her first child a year later. (The daughter Adelheid married in 1077, but probably did not have her first child until 1088, which indicates a politically motivated child marriage that was not carried out at first.) The question of whether Adelheid is also the mother of Rudolf's successor, Berthold von Rheinfelden , is controversial and is generally denied.

In 1069, Adelheid was cast out by her husband because of an alleged adultery with Werner von Habsburg . However, Pope Alexander II had the matter investigated, which resulted in Adelheid being rehabilitated in 1071 and re-accepted by her husband. Noteworthy is the simultaneous attempt by Henry IV to have the marriage to Adelheid's sister Bertha annulled.

In 1077 a prince opposition in Germany declared King Heinrich IV, banned by the Pope, deposed and elected Rudolf von Rheinfelden as the opposing king. This resulted in a civil war. Adelheid is said to have acted as her husband's deputy in Swabia and Burgundy and held castles against the onslaught of the enemy.


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