George Bryan Brummell
George Bryan Brummell , also called Beau Brummell (born June 7, 1778 in London , † March 30, 1840 in Caen , France ), was an English bon vivant , a style icon and a friend of the Prince Regent , who later became King George IV.
Brummell was the son of the politician William Brummell. The family belonged to the middle class, but the father had the ambition to enable his son a social advancement. Brummell was trained at Eton and then attended Oxford University , which he left after a year at the age of sixteen. In 1794 he joined the 10th Cavalry Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons as the youngest officer . Here he made the acquaintance of the Prince of Wales , later King George IV, who remained connected to him even after Brummell left the army in 1796.
Brummell fell out of favor with the English crown prince in 1811, but remained a member of elegant social circles. In 1816 he fled to France to avoid guilty prison. While he promptly settled gambling debts as "debts of honor", his other debts amounted to several thousand British pounds . In the following years, with the help of friends, he briefly became the English consul in Caen . To his disadvantage, the post was abolished.
Brummell died penniless in Caen in 1840.
Brummell is one of the first dandies . According to his own statements, it took him five hours to get dressed. He preferred elegant clothes and beautiful scarves . One particularly extravagant detail was that he recommended polishing boots with champagne . Nevertheless, he was a representative of the fashionable understatement . He preferred muted colors and made modern men's suits with long trousers and straight jackets socially acceptable. He helped the tie to become widespread. He also invented the starched shirt collar .
His life served as a template for the play Beau Brummell by Clyde Fitch from 1889. Based on this template, two film adaptations followed, first a silent film in 1924 and then a remake in 1954 under the title Beau Brummel - Rebel and Seducer with Stewart Granger in the main role and Peter Ustinov as Crown Prince Georg. In total, Brummell's life was filmed at least four times. Ernst Penzoldt was inspired by the biography of the dandy for his play So Was Herr Brummell , which premiered in 1934 at the Vienna Burgtheater with great success. In literature, the life story of Beau Brummell was illuminated in an essay by Virginia Woolf in 1929 .
- Sabine de Günther: The Regency Dandy: Prototype and Successor , pp. 92-103. In: Ridikül !: Fashion in Caricature 1600 to 1900 [ publication accompanying the exhibition Ridikül! Fashion in Caricature, 1600 to 1900 of the Art Library, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, December 5, 2003 to February 15, 2004]. Edited by Adelheid Rasche and Gundula Wolter, ISBN 978-3-8321-7388-3 .
- Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly: About dandyism and about George Brummell / A dandy before there were dandies . Matthes & Seitz, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-88221-878-7 .
- Ian Kelly: Beau Brummell: The Ultimate Dandy . Hodder & Stoughton General Division, London 2006, ISBN 0-340-83698-9 .
- Michael R. Müller: Style and Individuality: The Aesthetics of Social Assertion . Wilhelm Fink, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7705-4777-7 .
- Michel Onfray: Life and Death of a Dandy: The Construction of a Myth . Steidl Verlag, Göttingen 2014, ISBN 978-3-86930-755-8 .
- Virginia Woolf: Beau Brummell . LSD from Steidl Verlag, Göttingen 2015, ISBN 978-3-86930-844-9 .
- Brummell, George Bryan . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 4 : Bishārīn - Calgary . London 1910, p. 680 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Literature by and about George Bryan Brummell in the catalog of the German National Library
- Representations of Beau Brummel in film and television in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Virginia Woolf: Beau Brummell. Rimington & Hooper, New York 1930.
|SURNAME||Brummell, George Bryan|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Brummell, Beau|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British dandy, friend of George IV.|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 7, 1778|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||London|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 30, 1840|
|Place of death||Caen|