Ambroise Thomas

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Portrait of the young Ambroise Thomas by Hippolyte Flandrin , 1834
Ambroise Thomas, between 1876 and 1884
Ambroise Thomas, between 1894 and 1896

Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas (born August 5, 1811 in Metz , †  February 12, 1896 in Paris ) was a French composer .


In 1828 Thomas became a student at the Paris Conservatory , where he was a student of Friedrich Kalkbrenner , Victor Dourlen , Pierre Zimmermann and Jean-François Lesueur . In 1832 he won the Prix ​​de Rome with the cantata Hermann and Ketty and spent three years in Italy. He then lived as an opera composer in Paris. From 1871 he was director of the conservatory. In 1868 he was appointed commander of the Legion of Honor ; Falguière erected a statue for him in Paris in 1890.

In addition to nineteen operas, the most successful of which were Hamlet and Mignon , Thomas composed a ballet , two cantatas, a requiem , chamber music works, motets , kanzonen and male quartets.



  • Georges Masson: Ambroise Thomas: un compositeur lyrique au XIXe siècle . Édition Serpenoise, Metz 1996, ISBN 2-87692-288-6 .
  • Elisabeth Rogeboz-Malfroy: Ambroise Thomas: témoin du siècle. 1811-1896 . Cêtre, Besançon 1999, ISBN 2-87823-098-1 .

Web links

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