Julius Eduard Hitzig

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Julius Eduard Hitzig (by Adolph Menzel )
Julius Eduard Hitzig (1841)

Julius Eduard Hitzig , originally Isaac Elias Itzig , (born March 26, 1780 in Berlin ; † November 26, 1849 there ) was a German lawyer , publisher and writer .


Hitzig came from a Brandenburg-Prussian court Jewish family . His paternal grandfather was Daniel Itzig and his parents Elias Daniel Itzig (January 23, 1755 in Berlin; † January 11, 1818 in Potsdam), owner of the English leather factory on the Tornow near Potsdam, city councilor in Potsdam , and Marianne Leffmann (* 1758; † November 17, 1827), daughter of Herz Abraham Leffmann. They had at least eight children. His sister Henriette Marianne Hitzig (1781–1845) married Nathan Mendelssohn (1781–1852, reformed since 1809) in Potsdam in 1811 , son of Moses Mendelssohn and Fromet Gugenheim. His sister Caroline Hitzig (1784–1848) married the physicist Paul Erman . The sister Elise Adelaide (1789–1866) was married to General Franz August O'Etzel . Louise with Professor Jean Jacques Arland († 1830).


He married in Berlin in 1804 Johanna Bartenstein (1782-1814), divorced Meyer, a daughter of the businessman Naphtali Barnet Bartenstein from Opava. The couple had a son and two daughters and a foster daughter:


Eduard Itzig was a founding member of the Society of Friends in 1792 . He studied law in Halle and Erlangen . In 1799 he converted from Judaism to Christianity and changed his name. Hitzig, as he now called himself, completed his legal preparatory service in Warsaw ( auscultator ) and at the Supreme Court in Berlin ( trainee lawyer ). Since 1804 government assessor in Warsaw, he was dismissed from the Prussian judicial service in 1807 because Napoleon had overthrown the government and French troops occupied Warsaw. Hitzig moved to Berlin, trained as a bookseller and founded a publishing house in which, among other things , he published Heinrich von Kleist's Berliner Abendblätter (1810/11) . In 1814 he returned to the judicial service at the Berlin Supreme Court, in 1815 he was appointed Kriminalrat and in 1827 Director of the Inquisitorium and a member of the Criminal Senate; In 1835 he retired. With the establishment of criminal law journals (e.g. Journal for Criminal Law Care in the Prussian States excluding the Rhine provinces , 1825 ff.) He promoted the technical discussion, but he was also involved in the literary life of his time - not only as a publisher, but also as a member and co-founder of literary societies , including the New Wednesday Society and Die Serapionsbrüder in 1824, as well as through friendships with numerous authors of his time. He wrote biographical works on Zacharias Werner , Adelbert von Chamisso and E. T. A. Hoffmann . From 1842 he was together with Willibald Alexis editor of the New Pitaval , in which by 1890 around 600 criminal cases were published in sixty volumes.

He was married to Johanna Baruch (also Bartenstein or Barkenstein, see inscription on her tombstone in the Hitzig mausoleum), divorced Meyer (1782–1814) from Opava, daughter of the tobacco district publisher Hirschl (Naphtali) Baruch and from Königswart in Bohemia since 1804 Barbara Götzl from Vienna .

Grave site of the Hitzig family, in the foreground the grave of Karl Friedrich Schinkel

The family grave, designed as a mausoleum , is located in the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in Berlin-Mitte, Chausseestrasse in the CM department. His son Friedrich Hitzig is also buried there.

Works (selection)

  • Outline of the life of Friedrich Ludwig Zacharias Werner. Sandersche Buchhandlung, Berlin 1823 ( digitized version ).
  • Directory of writers living in Berlin in 1825 and their works. Dümmler, Berlin 1826 ( Google Books ).
  • From Hoffmann's life and estate. Two volumes. Dümmler, Berlin 1823 ( Volume 1 of the 1st edition, Volume 2 of the 2nd edition [1831]).
  • The royal Prussian law of June 11, 1837 for the protection of the ownership of works of science and art against reprint and reproduction. Dümmler, Berlin 1838 ( digitized version ; reprint in Archives for Copyright and Media Law . Volume 107, 1988, pp. 163–226).
  • About fiction writing as a career in life. A word of warning for young and old . Verein Buchhandlung, Berlin 1838 ( Google Books ).
  • Life and letters of Adelbert von Chamisso. Two volumes. Weidmann, Leipzig 1839 ( Google Books ).
  • Instructions for the creation of a relation from criminal files. For the benefit of the judicial officer widow's fund. Berlin 1843.


  • TeichmannHitzig, Julius Eduard . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, pp. 509-511.
  • Adalbert Elschenbroich:  Hitzig, Julius Eduard. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 9, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1972, ISBN 3-428-00190-7 , pp. 274-276 ( digitized version ).
  • Simon Apel: Julius Eduard Hitzig (1780-1849). In: Simon Apel, Louis Pahlow , Matthias Wießner (Hrsg.): Biographisches Handbuch des Intellectual Property. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2017, ISBN 978-3-161-54999-1 , pp. 140-142.
  • Nikolaus Dorsch: Julius Eduard Hitzig. Literary patriarchy and civil career. A documentary biography between literature, book trade and court from 1780–1815 (= Marburg German Studies. Volume 15). Lang, Frankfurt / M. u. a. 1994, ISBN 978-3-631-46441-0 .
  • Ludwig Gieseke: Memory of Julius Eduard Hitzig (1780–1849) . In: Archive for Copyright and Media Law (UFITA) . No. 1 , 2006, p. 173-187 .
  • Anna Busch: Hitzig and Berlin. To organize literature (1800–1840). Wehrhahn, Hanover 2014.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ludwig Lesser: Chronicle of the Society of Friends in Berlin. Berlin 1842, p. 20 No. 112 ( digitized version ).
  2. Georg Gaugusch : Who once was. The upper Jewish bourgeoisie in Vienna 1800–1938. Volume 1. Amalthea, Vienna 2011, ISBN 978-3-85002-750-2 , pp. 85-86.